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1 Corinthians 10:4


(1 Corinthians 10:4) And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

The word "spiritual" is typically interpreted to mean "not real."

I interpret this passage as follows:

Typology requires six ingredients:

  1. An Old Testament image (the type).
  2. A New Testament image (the anti-type) to which the type refers.
  3. A commonality between type and anti-type.
  4. A prophetic intent.
  5. The type provides additional meaning to the anti-type.
  6. The anti-type explains what was really going on with the type (which was often misunderstood or only partially understood by the people of Old Testament times).

I propose an alternate framework which explains verses considered as typological:

(1 Corinthians 10:2) And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

(1 Corinthians 10:3) And did all eat the same spiritual meat;

(1 Corinthians 10:4) And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.

An analysis of 1 Corinthians 10:2-4 using this framework: