End-time views


I highlight the end-time views of the Early Church Fathers;their views are so often misrepresented.

In refuting amillennialism, premillennialists boldly claim: most or all the Early Church Fathers of the first 400 years were premillennialists. Here are the facts.



Alphabetical

Their quotes and my comments...


Africanus | Apollinaris | Augustine | Barnabas | Caius | Clement of Alexandria | Clement of Rome | Commodianus | Coracion | Cyprian | Didache | Eusebius | Hegesippus | Hermas | Hippolytus | Ignatius | Irenaeus | Justin Martyr | Lactantius | Marcellus | Mathetes | Melito | Methodius | Nepos | Origen | Papias | Polycarp | Tatian | Tertullian | Theophilus | Victorinus




Chronological


Mathetes — 90 A.D. Not premillennial
Clement of Rome — 96 A.D. Not premillennial
Hermas — 99 A.D. Not premillennial
Didache — 100 A.D. Not premillennial
Ignatius — 110 A.D. Premillennialists claim that Ignatius was a premillennialist but he wrote nothing about it one way or the other.
Papias — 115 A.D. He is premillennial (but it is unclear what his specific views were). In any case, his view is inconsistent with modern premillennialism.
Barnabas — 130 A.D. Probably not premillennial. Refers to 6,000 yearsof human history which is wrong.
Justin Martyr — 150 A.D. Clearly believed in a 1,000 yearmillennium. But his ideas about the conditions in the millennium would horrify modern premillennialists.
Irenaeus — 150 A.D. Probably not premillennial. Refers to 6,000 yearsof human history which is wrong.
Polycarp — 155 A.D. No end-time writings except to confirm the resurrection and eternal state.
Aviricius Marcellus — 163 A.D. He is clearly premillennial. Refers to 6,000 yearsof human history which is wrong. Has an allegorical style of interpretation which would horrify premillennialists (it horrifies me).
Tatian — 110-172 A.D. Says nothing one way or the other.
Hegesippus — 170 A.D. Not premillennial
Apollinaris — 175 A.D. No end time writings.
Melito — 180 A.D. No end time writings.
Theophilus — 181 A.D. He teaches nothing about a 1,000 yearmillennium.
Tertullian — 206 A.D. He is clearly premillennial but his concept of the 1,000 yearmillennium is nothing like modern premillennialists. And he asserts that the church = Israel which is an amillennial idea.
Clement of Alexandria — 215 A.D. Probably believed in a 1,000 yearmillennium.
Origen — 232 A.D. No one considers Origen to be a premillennialist. Origen himself refutes the idea of a physical millennium.
Hippolytus — 236 A.D. Probably believed in a 1,000 yearmillennium. However, he made two serious mistakes: (1) refers to 6,000 yearsof human history and (2) stated that the end would come in 500 A.D.
Julius Africanus — 245 A.D. Says nothing one way or the other.
Cyprian — 258 A.D. Probably believed in a 1,000 yearmillennium. However, he made two serious mistakes: (1) refers to 6,000 yearsof human history and (2) believed that the end of the world would come soon (which it didn't).
Victorinus of Pettau — 270 A.D. An amillennialist.
Nepos — 280 A.D. He is premillennial.
Coracion — 280 A.D. He was premillennial but changed his opinion after a debate with Dionysius.
Caius — 296 A.D. Unclear what his view was.
Methodius, Bishop of Tyre — 300 A.D. Although he uses the word "millennium" he uses it figuratively to mean "life after salvation." In my opinion he was an amillennialist.
Commodianus — 305 A.D. Clearly believed in a 1,000 yearmillennium. Refers to 6,000years of human history which is wrong. His view is inconsistent with modern premillennialism and his ideas about the conditions in the millennium would horrify modern premillennialists.
Lactantius — 325 A.D. Clearly believed in a 1,000 yearmillennium. Refers to 6,000 yearsof human history which is wrong. Superficially his view sounds a lot like modern premillennialism but he has some serious inconsistencies (as do modern premillennialists).
Eusebius — 341 A.D. Not premillennial.
Augustine — 386 A.D. Augustine was clearly amillennial.


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