All verses about eschatology with my comments. I use this article as a reference when composing other end time articles.

The foundational guiding principles of my eschatological system of interpretation...

More guiding principles...

Related articles...


Matthew 

(Matthew 10:5) These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not:

(Matthew 10:6) But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.

Jesus sends the twelve disciples off to preach to the Jews.

(Matthew 10:7) And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.

John the Baptist and Jesus both preached this.

The phrase "at hand" in this verse means near, soon, or imminent. Two possibilities:

  1. It hasn't happened at the time Jesus sent the disciples off to preach.
  2. It is at hand because it is near — all that is required is that a person receive it in faith.

The second option is more likely for several reasons:

(Matthew 10:17) But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;

This doesn't happen to them until after the day of Pentecost. Therefore, the following verses of Matthew 10:18-23 also happen after that.

(Matthew 10:18) And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles.

This happens to Paul. In Matthew 10:6 Jesus instructs the twelve disciples to only preach to the Jews; but in these verses the apostles preach to Gentiles.

(Matthew 10:19) But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.

(Matthew 10:20) For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.

No need to plan what to say when you are captured and questioned for your faith.

(Matthew 10:21) And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death.

Referring to times of persecution in which relatives turned each other in. This happened hundreds of years later during the Roman persecutions.

(Matthew 10:22) And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved.

This verse is in the context of the disciples preaching to the Jews in Israel, not to the Gentiles in the Greek and Roman world. Some of the apostles were martyred as a result of their preaching to the Jews in Israel. However, this exact thing occurred during the early centuries of the church so I assume that Jesus intends this passage to apply to the time after 70 A.D. and to locations outside of Israel and to people other than the Jews.

Some interpret the word "end" as referring to the rapture or the second coming of Christ. Neither makes much sense since neither occurred in the lives of the early Christians.

The word "end" does not refer to the "end of time" or to the "end times". Once someone dies (after enduring) they won't have to endure any more — their salvation is complete. We merely have to endure until we finally die. Read more: Imminency.

(Matthew 10:23) But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come.

Similar to Matthew 24:14. The context is that Jesus sends out the twelve disciples two-by-two on an evangelistic mission presumably lasting less than a couple of months but as I noted in verse 17 the meaning includes events after that church is born on the day of Pentecost.

This verse is in the context of the disciples preaching to the Jews in Israel, not to the Gentiles in the Greek and Roman world.

Jesus seems to be addressing the first statement (about fleeing) to those who preach the gospel. Sometimes they would need to flee as we see in Paul's example.

The second statement (about Jesus coming) is mysterious. Some possible meanings:

There is a sense in which Jesus came in 70 A.D. when Jerusalem and the temple were destroyed (see Matthew 24:27).


(Matthew 11:20) Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not:

He is certainly not talking to cities but, rather, to the people living in those cities. It is likely that not everyone in these cities are guilty.

The proper response to preaching about sin is repentance. Those who hear the truth about sin but who don't repent are in serious trouble.

(Matthew 11:21) Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.

There are cases in which whole cities or large groups of people all repent together en masse. But in cases like these it is likely that some people merely go along with the crowds to avoid standing out. This occurred when Christianity became the favored religion of the Roman Empire; many of the new converts were not zealous for the faith but were lukewarm at best.

(Matthew 11:22) But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you.

(Matthew 11:23) And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day.

(Matthew 11:24) But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.

Jesus is referring to the people who did not repent. Each person is judged for his or her sins.

Jesus states that the people of Sodom would have repented if Jesus or one of the apostles had been on the scene performing miracles.

The people of the cities who did see the miracles of Jesus and the apostles but who did not repent will be severely judged. People are judged based on the quality of the message they hear.


(Matthew 13:24) Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field:

The kingdom of heaven is the process of judging the good from the wicked. The kingdom of heaven does not contain any who are wicked.

Jesus explains the parable of the sower.

(Matthew 13:37) He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man;

Jesus plants good seed. The good seed refers to believers. Presumably they grow into good plants which benefit others.

(Matthew 13:38) The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;

There are two kinds of people in the world: the Godly (good seed), and the wicked.

(Matthew 13:39) The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

Satan plants bad seed.

There will be both righteous people and wicked people in the world until the end.

The final judgment of good and evil occurs at the end of the world.

God uses the angels in His judgment.

(Matthew 13:40) As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.

(Matthew 13:41) The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;

(Matthew 13:42) And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

God uses the angels in His judgment. The wicked are judged for their evil deeds.

The soul resides in the spiritual realm and possesses a spiritual body.The spiritual body of the wicked suffers eternal burning in the lake of fire. Physical burning results in destruction but the burning of judgment is eternal damnation in hell.


(Matthew 13:47) Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind:

(Matthew 13:48) Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away.

The kingdom of heaven is the process of judging the good from the wicked. The kingdom of heaven does not contain any who are wicked.

(Matthew 13:49) So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just,

God uses the angels in His judgment.

(Matthew 13:50) And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

The soul resides in the spiritual realm and possesses a spiritual body. The spiritual body of the wicked suffers eternal burning in the lake of fire. Physical burning results in destruction but the burning of judgment is eternal damnation in hell.


(Matthew 16:15) He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?

(Matthew 16:16) And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.

Jesus is the Messiah, the promised redeemer. It is unlikely that Peter had in mind a Messiah who was merely a political leader who would deliver the Jews from Roman oppression — this was the concept that many Jews had.

Jesus is deity, the second person of the Trinity. Peter likely didn't understand the full theological implications of his words but he surely would have rejected the various heresies that soon developed and which were ultimately rejected by the church.

(Matthew 16:18) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Jesus gave Peter a new name just as he did with Abram and Jacob. This is evidence of a special covenant he established with Peter.

Jesus established the church.

There is no reason to suppose that the church is composed of both good and wicked people. If Jesus is building his church upon the confession of who He is, surely the true church is not composed of people who don't believe this with all their heart. Thus the church has two aspects:

Jesus builds his church on (1) Peter's recognition and confession of who Jesus is, and (2) on Peter himself. Peter was clearly a leader of the disciples and he was clearly the leader of the apostles. I am not advocating the Roman Catholic doctrine of the papacy.

(Matthew 16:19) And I will give unto thee [Peter] the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.

Only Peter is given these keys: we should not gloss over this point. Other references to a key or to keys: Isaiah 22:22;Luke 11:52;Revelation 1:18;3:7;9:1;20:1.

The other disciples are also given the power to bind and loose.


(Matthew 16:27) For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.

Jesus comes to judge; he comes with angels. We should expect the ideas of Jesus coming and angels involved in passages about the second coming of Christ.

We are judged based on our works. Since sin is doing wicked deeds, therefore, repentance involves not doing wicked deeds and instead doing good deeds. If a person has no good works they do not have saving faith (refer to James 2:14-26).

(Matthew 16:28) Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom.

This is a very mysterious verse. Some of the apostles would see Jesus coming in His kingdom before they died. Some possible meanings of this:

I prefer the first of these; it seems more natural and the passage about the transfiguration immediately follows.

(Matthew 23:38) Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.

Jesus told the Jewish leaders that the temple would be destroyed.


Matthew 24

In my view, Matthew 24 was not intended as a chronological narrative; it jumps from topic to topic and from one time period to another.

(Matthew 24:1) And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to show him the buildings of the temple.

The disciples were interested in the temple. Little did they know at the time that this temple would be destroyed forty years later.

In Matthew 23:38 Jesus told the Jewish leaders that the temple would be destroyed. Perhaps this prompted the disciples to call attention to the temple.

(Matthew 24:2) And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.

The Roman soldiers under Titus did this to extract the gold which had melted in the fire.

(Matthew 24:3) And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?

Now the curiosity of the disciples has expanded. They ask about the following:

I suppose the disciples wanted clarity about all these things and how the destruction of the temple factored in. These are the topics Jesus addresses.

(Matthew 24:5) For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.

Jesus did not specify whether he was talking about the destruction of the temple, or about the establishment of the kingdom (the church), or about the general resurrection and the coming of the new heavens and new earth. But his comments apply to all three time periods.

In this extended passage Jesus speaks of two time periods simultaneously. It is common in biblical prophecy for there to be an immediate fulfillment as well as a long-term fulfillment.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

In the forty years leading up to the destruction of the temple there would be false Messiahs; revolutionaries claiming to be the Messiah who would lead the Jews to conquer the Romans.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

There were many false Christs in the early church and there continue to be false Christs.For every false Christ there is a corresponding false view of who and what the Christ is.

(Matthew 24:6) And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that ye be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

There will be wars and battles between the Jewish revolutionaries and the Romans up to the time the temple is destroyed.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Wars will come and go before the end of the world and during the entire church age.

Based on verse 3 we should expect the phrase end of the world to refer to an event similar to the coming of the new heavens and new earth; this, as opposed to merely the destruction of the temple (ala full preterism) or even merely of the end of Roman rule in Israel. But note that in verse 6 Jesus does not specifically mention the end of the world. The word end could refer to the destruction of the temple or the end of the world. In either case, there would be wars and rumors of wars.

(Matthew 24:7) For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers [diverse] places.

(Matthew 24:8) All these are the beginning of sorrows.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

These events occurred during the forty years before the destruction of temple.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Many bad things will occur before the end of the world.

(Matthew 24:9) Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

We learn from Acts 1:8 (ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth) that the disciples witnessed to all the world within the first forty years after the church was established. They were persecuted from the first day.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

This has occurred at all times during church history and will continue to occur until the second coming of Christ.

This sounds a lot like the persecutions Jesus speaks of when he sends the disciples out to evangelize Israel in Matthew 10:17-22.

Note that the audience of this passage is Christians.

(Matthew 24:10) And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

It happened.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

It has happened and continues to happen.

See Matthew 10:21

(Matthew 24:11) And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

It happened.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

It has happened and continues to happen.

In the early church there were prophets but more and more this prophetic office began to have heretics who taught false doctrines.

(Matthew 24:12) And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax [become] cold.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

It happened.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

It has happened and continues to happen.

In the early church people eventually became lax in their faith and no longer considered it important to live a holy, sinless life. In Revelation 2:4; 3:15 Jesus speaks of churches that have this problem.

(Matthew 24:13) But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

Those Christians living in Jerusalem who endured until the signs mentioned in verse 16 would be saved from the terrible carnage by fleeing to Pela.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

"The end" refers to the end of a person's life.See Matthew 10:22. Each Christian must remain true to the faith during their entire lives.

A common interpretation of this verse is that the twelve disciples to whom Jesus is speaking would be saved if they endured until the destruction of the temple. This interpretation seems unlikely for the following reasons:

Another common interpretation of this verse is that it refers to that yet-future time (perhaps our time) in which Christians who endure the persecution by the Antichrist(and are presumably martyred) will be saved. This interpretation seems unlikely for the following reasons:

(Matthew 24:14) And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

We learn from Acts 1:8 (ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth) that the disciples witnessed to all the world within the first forty years after the church was established.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The end of the world will not occur until the gospel has been preached in all the world. It is debatable whether or not this has occurred yet; Pope John Paul II claimed that it has not.


(Matthew 24:15) When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

See Daniel 8:13; 9:27; 11:31; 12:11. Only the passage in 12:11 refers to the time of the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. In the next verse (Matthew 24:16) Jesus tells the Christians to flee for their lives when they witness this event. They did this and were spared as a result.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Some say this refers to the abolition of the Eucharistby the Antichrist;that in the new covenant (the church) the Eucharist corresponds to the temple sacrifices and especially to the presence of God in the holy of holies.

Some claim the templewill be rebuilt in the future but I reject this idea.But the temple will be built in the new heavens and new earthand there will be sacrifices (but animals will not be killed.)

From Daniel 12:11 we learn there would be 1,290 days from the time the daily sacrifices were stopped and the abomination of desolation occurred (at which time people were to flee for their lives). After this the power of the holy people (the Jews) was scattered (Daniel 12:7).

The cessation of the daily sacrifice in the temple occurred several times:

Notice this is directed to those who readeth, likely referring to those who readeth both Daniel and the gospel of Matthew; so the audience is Christians who hear these passages read in their Sunday church meetings and hear homilies and sermons discussing these topics.

(Matthew 24:16) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

Many Christians living in Jerusalem heeded this warning and fled to Pella for safety.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Perhaps this is a warning for Christians living in Palestine to flee for safety in some future time.

(Matthew 24:21) For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

The great tribulation began once the Christians fled the city. The destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D. was a great tribulation. Although the holocaust of World War II was even worse than that, perhaps Jesus is only including events that occurred to the religious nation of Israel which was finally abolished by the Romans in 358 A.D. when the Sanhedrin was abolished.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The yet-future war against Christ as he returns in the phases of the 2nd coming.

There are many events recorded in the Bible which were great tribulations. We must be careful not to interpret all those passages as referring to the so-called Great Tribulationwhich is yet to come. I reject the notion of a 3–1/2 or 7 year yet-future Great Tribulation.

(Matthew 24:22) And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

There were Jewish survivors in this war. The word elect in this verse refers to Jews (refer to Isaiah 45:4). These Jewish survivors became slaves.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

In general the word elect in the New Testament refers to those who are saved, usually Christians.

(Matthew 24:23) Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not.

(Matthew 24:24) For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

Verses 23 — 26 jump back in time to discuss the self-proclaimed false Messiahs who were active in the decades before the final seige of Jerusalem. In Jerusalem there were many revolutionaries claiming to be the Messiah who would deliver the Jews from the Romans. In typical Jewish style these false political leaders would use every extraordinary event that happened as a sign or miracle for evidence to prove they were indeed God's anointed Messiah who would overthrow the yoke of the Romans.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Throughout church history there have also been many who claimed to be the Messiah.

(Matthew 24:26) Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

It was common for the Jewish revolutionaries to travel to desert hideouts such as Masada where they would fight the Romans and procure weapons. Sometimes they would flee to the desert for safety. There was also a lot of revolutionary activity in the inner rooms of the temple because they were safe there from the Romans since the Romans would not violate the temple. It was only in the final siege of Jerusalem that the Romans finally violated the sanctity of the temple. It was actually the Jewish revolutionaries who were constantly violating the temple by (1) using it as a military command post, (2) allowing armed terrorists to hide there, and (3) assassinating opponents and one another in the temple.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Throughout church history there have been heretics who started movements in various out of the way places. The Gnostics claimed to have secret knowledge.

(Matthew 24:27) For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

Jesus came to judge the Jews. The false Messiahs claimed they would drive the Romans from the land of Israel but they did not. The coming of Christ in judgment (via the Romans) proved to be visible for all to see; it will not be merely the false hope of the Jewish revolutionaries.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The return of Jesus to earth at the second coming will be an unmistakable event. Everyone will see it. No one will miss it. His coming will be in phases.

Full Preteristsclaim the second coming of Christ occurred in 70 A.D. I reject full preterism but I should note that the next few verses support the full preterist view rather well.

There is a sense in which Christ comes multiple times. Certainly he will come again and certainly he came the first time during the incarnation. But in a sense he has come at other times as well to judge the world and his chosen people. Christ's comings:

(Matthew 24:28) For wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles [vultures] be gathered together.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

The Christians living in Jerusalem recognized the signs and fled to Pella.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The second coming of Christ will be unmistakable.

When you see vultures you can be certain that there is a carcass; the vultures are a trustworthy sign.


(Matthew 24:29) Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

Physical manifestations of war. Rocks were hurled into the city from catapults (stars fall from heaven).The phrase immediately after refers to the fact that the judgment of the Jews was the purpose for the invasion by the Romans.

The narrative flow seems to jump back in time to verse 21; the chronological narrative of Matthew 24 is very disjointed.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The next important event on the end time calendar is the second coming of Christ.

The reference to natural phenomena indicates that the second coming of Christ will affect the universe.

The images:

These images refer to judgment. When God judged Israel via captivity there was brutal war and the savage effects of war.

Just as there are horrible effects of judgment by war and captivity, so also there will be horrible effects upon those who will be judged to eternal damnation at the final judgment, the white throne judgment after the second coming of Christ.

At each of the comings of Christin judgment there are signs in the heavens(sun dark, moon red, stars fall, etc.)

(Matthew 24:30) And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

Same as verse 27. Perhaps the image of the sign of Jesus refers to the final moment when the Romans began their seige on Jerusalem.

I think this verse and verse 31 provides evidence that Jesus is no longer talking about the events of 70 A.D.

Josephus writes about signs that occurred but these happened before the final seige of Jerusalem.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Those who are alive to witness the second coming of Christ will first see physical manifestations and then finally will see Jesus coming.See Revelation 6:16.

(Matthew 24:31) And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

Full preterists teach that there is a rapture as part of the events of 70 A.D. but there is no historical evidence for such a thing. It is clear that this verse is no longer referring to the events of 70 A.D.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The general resurrection of all who will be living on the earth at the time of the second coming of Christ.

Note that the angels are involved with the second coming of Christ.

More about the term "elect"...

(Matthew 24:32) Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh:

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

The tender branches are the things I mention in my comments of verse 33. The summer is the destruction of the temple.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The tender branches are the things I mention in my comments of verse 33. The summer is the yet-future final judgment of the world at the second coming of Christ.

The tender branches are the signs which precede the summer. The purpose of a sign is to warn or inform; a sign is useless if it doesn't do this. When God judged the Old Testament Israelites he first sent prophets to exhort them to repent and to inform them that they were in need of repentance.

The summer is the glorious time of harvest, of finally receiving that which has been anticipated for so long. Perhaps this verse refers to a glorious future time when the Jewish people finally accept Jesus as the promised Messiah.

(Matthew 24:33) So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

The "it" that is near is the destruction of the temple.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The "it" that is near is the yet-future final judgment of the world at the second coming of Christ, the "summer" of verse 32.

The phase "all these things" refers to: False Christs (vv. 5,23,24,26), wars (vv. 6,7), famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes (v. 7), persecution (vv. 9,10), false prophets (v. 11), apostasy (v. 12), gospel preached (v. 14). Those who endure until they die (the end) will be saved (v. 13). Verses 15–31 refer to "the end" which was first mentioned in verse 3 and then again in verses 6 and 14.

(Matthew 24:34) Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

This verse fits the destruction of the temple forty years later because it occurred within the lifetime of some of those who heard Jesus preach. However, many of the older people likely died before this occurred. In Numbers 32:13 we learn that it took forty years for an entire generation to die off, so perhaps 70 A.D. is longer than one generation.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

The things I've listed in verse 33 above would begin occurring within the same generation as those who heard Jesus preach.

What does Jesus mean by "all these things"?

What does Jesus mean by "this generation"?

Jesus refers to "this generation" in Matthew 23:36; he is clearly referring to persecution of Christians by Jews that will occur in the early days of the church.

Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: (Matthew 23:34)

Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation. (Matthew 23:36)

Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. (Matthew 23:38)


(Matthew 24:35) Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

At the second coming of Christ this heaven and earth will pass away to be replaced by the new heavens and new earth. The universe as we know it will one day come to an end.

(Matthew 24:36) But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

At the time of Jesus no one could have predicted exactly when the Romans would begin their final attack upon Jerusalem (or if there would even be a Jewish War at all).

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

No one can accurately predict when the second coming will occur.

The best we can do at predicting the second coming of Christ is to notice whether the signs have yet occurred. If the signs have not yet occurred then we know that Jesus will not yet return. To believe that Jesus can come back at any time requires we also believe that all the signs have been fulfilled.

This verse doesn't say that Jesus knows the day or hour, but of course he does know. Verses such as these have been used to support heretical doctrines about Christ; that he was not deity. This illustrates a difficulty with using only the Bible to determine doctrine. The Bible is not enough because we also need to know its proper interpretation.

(Matthew 24:37) But as the days of Noe [Noah] were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

(Matthew 24:38) For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe [Noah] entered into the ark,

(Matthew 24:39) And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

The Jews in Jerusalem were not paying attention to the likely results of the actions of the Jewish revolutionaries.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

Certainly Jesus is not referring only to those people who happen to be alive at his second coming. Jesus will come to each of us at our death.No one knows when this time will be.

In the time of Noah the flood waters took the wicked people away (to their deaths).

In the time of Noah there was a long time (100 years) of warnings to the people; "signs" for them to repent. Then suddenly without warning the flood came.

(Matthew 24:40) Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.

(Matthew 24:41) Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

I'm not sure how this verse fits.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

People die unexpectedly and are taken into the presence of the Lord. Verses 42–51 of chapter 24 and all of chapter 25 exhort us to be ready at all times so that we will be saved.

Those who are takenare the wicked who will be judged to hell. This is the opposite of how this verse is interpreted by those who teach that there will be a rapture of the church.

(Matthew 24:42) Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come.

(Matthew 24:43) But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

I'm not sure how this verse fits.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

People die when they least expect it and are taken in to the presence of the Lord.

Many people claim the early church believed that Jesus would return in their lifetime.I reject this notion...

(Matthew 24:44) Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

I'm not sure how this verse fits.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

People die unexpectedly and are taken into the presence of the Lord.

Jesus comes when we die.This admonition to watch and be ready is not only for those who happen to be alive at the time of the second coming of Christ.

(Matthew 24:45) Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season?

(Matthew 24:46) Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.

(Matthew 24:47) Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods.

(Matthew 24:48) But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

I'm not sure how this verse fits.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

People die unexpectedly and are taken into the presence of the Lord.

We are to live each day as if Jesus would come back that day.

The are several passages in the New Testament indicating that people thought Jesus was late in his second coming.

(Matthew 24:49) And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;

(Matthew 24:50) The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,

(Matthew 24:51) And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

I'm not sure how this verse fits.

The church age up to the new heavens and new earth.

People die unexpectedly and are taken into the presence of the Lord.

Notice that performing wicked deeds such as fighting, drunkenness, and gluttony are causes for going to hell. Our deeds matter and this is a salvation issue.


(Matthew 25:1) Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.

The focus of the kingdom of heaven on this earth is the fulfillment of the kingdom of heaven in the new heavens and new earth.

(Matthew 25:11) Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open to us.

(Matthew 25:12) But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, I know you not.

It's too late to prepare after death or after the second coming of Christ.

(Matthew 25:13) Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.

We are to be prepared to meet the Lord at any time.


(Matthew 25:14) For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods.

(Matthew 25:15) And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey.

When we enter into the kingdom of heaventhrough faith in Christ we are expected to perform good works.Those who do not perform good works are not really saved after all.

(Matthew 25:21) His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.

We will rule in the new heavens and new earth.

(Matthew 25:30) And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

We are to make productive use of our time on earth. We will not share in the glories of the new heavens and new earth if we don't take our spiritual life seriously now.


(Matthew 25:31) When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory:

Jesus is clearly talking about the final judgment after his second coming.

(Matthew 25:32) And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats:

Jesus is referring to all people who have ever lived on the earth.

(Matthew 25:33) And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.

The redeemed vs. the damned.

(Matthew 25:34) Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:

This refers to the fulfillment of the kingdom in the new heavens and new earth.


(Matthew 25:41) Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels:

The lake of firewas created by God as a fitting home for beings which don't possess a body. Apparently it is also a fitting home for humans who do have a body. This implies that it is a spiritual place, not a physical one;that it is the souls of humans that reside there, not the bodies.

It is possible that all humans will be redeemed so that the only inhabitants of the spiritual lake of fire will be creatures having no physical body (angels, etc.) I am not promoting this idea, merely mentioning the possibility. If everyone in encountering Christ at death choose eternity with him...

(Matthew 25:46) And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.

Final judgment is eternal.


(Matthew 26:64) Jesus saith unto him, Thou [the high priest] hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

How will the high priest see Jesus sitting on the right hand of power and coming in the clouds of heaven? The high priest didn't see Jesus ascend into heaven. There was no visible event that occurred in the high priest's lifetime. Therefore, these events will occur after the high priest has died.

If the high priest has died, how can he see Jesus coming in the clouds of heaven? Does he first receive a resurrected body on earth?

My answer to these question is that these events don't occur on earth but rather in the spiritual realm. Disembodied souls see Jesus sitting on the right hand of power — in fact, upon their death they see this. When Jesus returns at his second cominghe will hover at the boundary between the physical world and the spiritual world — this is the significance of the phrase "clouds of heaven". When Jesus ascended into the clouds he merely transitioned from the physical world to the spiritual world.


Revelation 

Some key ingredients in my interpretation of the book of Revelation:


Intro

(Revelation 1:1) The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John:

We should expect the prophecies in the book of Revelation to be about events that would occur soon after the book was written, not about events thousands of years in the future.

The revelations were not just for John but for all Christians of all ages.

(Revelation 1:2) Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw.

John saw these revelations and faithfully wrote them down.

(Revelation 1:3) Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.

The events described in the book of Revelation were about to occur. Thus, we should not expect that they would occur thousands of years in the future.

In this verse the phrase "at hand"means "now" or "very soon".

We tend to think that most people read this book for themselves, but actually, most people heard it read during the Sunday church service.


The Seven Churches

(Revelation 1:4) John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before his throne;

John is writing specifically to the seven churches that he has charge over.

(Revelation 1:5) And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

Jesus is currently the prince over the kings of the earth. There is not some future event in which Jesus rules the nations — he is already ruling them.

(Revelation 1:6) And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

Christians are already kings and priests. There is not some future event in which this will occur — it is a present reality.

(Revelation 1:7) Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.

Jesus will come with the clouds to be seen by all including the Jews.

Jesus is coming back to judge sin. Everyone will weep when they reflect on their sins and experience the harm they have caused to others.

(Revelation 1:8) I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

(Revelation 1:9) I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.

There was persecution of the church in Asia under the emperor Domitian. Thus, the book of revelation was written around 96 A.D.

(Revelation 1:19) Write the things which thou hast seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter;

John is to write about three categories of events:

(Revelation 2:9) I know thy works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but thou art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan.

(Revelation 2:10) Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.

(Revelation 2:11) He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.

Some of the Christians in Asia were already experiencing persecution, apparently by the Jews. They would be cast into prison.

They are to be faithful unto death. In doing so they will avoid the second death which is eternal damnation in hell.

(Revelation 2:20) Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols.

(Revelation 2:21) And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not.

The image of fornication is often used to describe heresy.

(Revelation 2:22) Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds.

Notice that Christians are judged by their deeds.

Romans 1 teaches that sin causes judgment. The sin itself causes the judgment.

(Revelation 2:23) And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.

Christians are judged by their deeds.

(Revelation 2:26) And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations:

(Revelation 2:27) And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.

Jesus will give power over the nations to those who remain faithful unto death. Thus, they will have power over the nations from their place in heaven as a Saint in heaven. Saints in heaven have the power to judge those on earth (to rule with a rod of iron = to judge; see Psalm 2:9).

Notice that Christians are judged by their works.

(Revelation 3:3) Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.

The image of watching and being ready certainly doesn't refer to Jesus coming in the second coming (or the rapture). Certainly Jesus would not promise the early Christians that they should live a righteous life because he is about to come again if he was in fact not coming during their lifetimes (or for thousands of years). Therefore, the teaching that Jesus is coming soonrefers to his coming at the deathof each believer (which does come as a "thief in the night").

(Revelation 3:2) Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.

(Revelation 3:5) He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.

Christians can lose their salvation if their deeds are bad. Their names are added to the book of life when they are saved but they can be blotted out of the book of life if their works are not perfect.

(Revelation 3:10) Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.

(Revelation 3:11) Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.

(Revelation 3:12) Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.

The hour of temptation is an event (or series of events) which would occur shortly and affect Christians all over the world. Christians must endure this trial by remaining steadfast in the faith. This refers to the persecutions by the Romans which were about to come upon the church.

(Revelation 3:21) To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.

Those who overcome the trials by remaining faithful unto death will sit on the throne with Jesus. This throne is in heaven. This refers to the present reality of Saints in heaven, not to some future earthly kingdom.


(Revelation 4:1) After this I looked, and, behold, a door was opened in heaven: and the first voice which I heard was as it were of a trumpet talking with me; which said, Come up hither, and I will show thee things which must be hereafter.

Some say this refers to the rapture. I don't see why.

John sees events which will occur in the future. The seal visions (and presumably the trumpet judgments and bowl judgments after this) refer to events future to the time that John received the visions.


Seven Seals

The seven seal visions are concerned with the time period beginning with when the book of Revelation was written until the second coming of Christ.

The seven seals are judgments only in the sense that all the pain and suffering of this world are actually judgments from God for our sin. But the opening of the seven seals are themselves visions, not judgments.

The usual interpretation of the seven seals is that as the seals are opened one by one there are judgments on the earth. I propose that the interpretation should be as follows:

(Revelation 5:1) And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book written within and on the backside, sealed with seven seals.

(Revelation 5:5) And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.

Scrolls contain knowledge.

The passages in the seven seal visions contain a sweeping panoramic view of human history including:

(Revelation 5:10) And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth.

Christians are reigning on the earth now; this does not occur in a future earthly kingdom but is a present reality now.

Christians are kings by judging sin in the world and living virtuously.

Christians are priests by offering sacrifice to God. This sacrifice consists of prayer, good works, corporate worship, etc.

We will also reign on the earth in the new heavens and new earth


First Seal

(Revelation 6:1) And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying, Come and see.

(Revelation 6:2) And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.

Political conquest.


Second Seal

(Revelation 6:3) And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say, Come and see.

(Revelation 6:4) And there went out another horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one another: and there was given unto him a great sword.

War and civil war.


Third Seal

(Revelation 6:5) And when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.

(Revelation 6:6) And I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny; and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.

Famine and economic injustice.


Fourth Seal

(Revelation 6:7) And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.

(Revelation 6:8) And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.

Death by man, beast, disease and famine. A recap of all the terrible things that happen in this world.


Fifth Seal

(Revelation 6:9) And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:

These are the Christians who were killed by Domitian. This had been going on for the previous few years; in fact, John was imprisoned due to this persecution. Martyrdom for the faith will continue throughout all of human history.

The martyrs are in heaven and their sacrifice and prayers are a part of the heavenly worship.

(Revelation 6:10) And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

(Revelation 6:11) And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.

From heaven the martyrs desire justice. God does not ignore injustice and neither should we.

They will rest in heaven until the new heavens and new earthat which time they will receive a glorified body.


Sixth Seal

(Revelation 6:12) And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

(Revelation 6:13) And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

(Revelation 6:14) And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

These images of signs in the heavensrefer to judgment. God's judgment of the wickedness of the nation of Israel by taking them into captivity at the hands of the Babylonians was accompanied with the usual brutal effects of war. The same is true in the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by the Romans.

The images:

Just as there are horrible effects of judgment by war and captivity, so also there will be horrible effects upon those who will be judged to eternal damnation at the final judgment (the white throne judgment) after the second coming of Christ.

(Revelation 6:15) And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;

(Revelation 6:16) And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:

(Revelation 6:17) For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

These verses indicate that the second coming of Christ is not an instantaneous event but has several phases.


144,000

An interlude which occurs before the seventh seal is opened.

(Revelation 7:1) And after these things I saw four angels standing on the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, nor on the sea, nor on any tree.

(Revelation 7:2) And I saw another angel ascending from the east, having the seal of the living God: and he cried with a loud voice to the four angels, to whom it was given to hurt the earth and the sea,

(Revelation 7:3) Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.

The harming of the earth, sea, and trees referred to occurs in the first four trumpet judgments beginning in Revelation 8:7.

(Revelation 7:4) And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

The phrase "after these things" refers to John seeing these visions after the previous ones. Premillennialists assume that the entire book of Revelation is in chronological sequence but this leads to weird results. Evidence for this is that Revelation 12:9 which speaks of the second coming is just a few verses away; there is no time in which these events could occur.

These verses are a short interlude addressing events that occurred after the first coming of Christ but before his second coming. None of the events of the seal visions or of the trumpet judgments will occur until the 144,000 are sealed. In fact, they were sealed by the time of Jesus' incarnation.

I interpret this passage literally. Here are the list of tribes of Israel from Revelation 7 and Ezekiel 48:

  1. Asher
  2. Benjamin
  3. Dan (missing from Revelation 7)
  4. Ephraim (missing from Revelation 7) — son of Joseph
  5. Gad
  6. Issachar
  7. Joseph (missing from Ezekiel 48)
  8. Judah
  9. Levites
  10. Manasseh — son of Joseph
  11. Naphtali
  12. Reuben
  13. Simeon
  14. Zebulun

I have no explanation for why the lists of tribes in Revelation 7 and Ezekiel 48 are different. Perhaps there is some symbolic significance involving good and bad deeds of certain members of these tribes.

I propose that the 144,000 are devout Israelites who in the new heavens and new earthwill inhabit the land of Israel as prophesied in Ezekiel 40-48. They will practice the Jewish faith including animal sacrifices, however, animals will not be killed; Jesus' sacrifice on the cross will be the sacrifice they offer just as during the Eucharist. They will accept Jesus as the promised Messiah.


White Throne Judgment

An interlude which occurs before the seventh seal is opened. Thus, the final knowledge contained in the scroll is the eternal state.

(Revelation 7:9) After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands.

(Revelation 7:14) And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

After all the bad events of the first four seals and the 5th seal judgment resulting in the second coming of Christ in the 6th seal is — the final judgment of everyone.

After death, those who endure until the end will go to heaven. Many of these were martyred.

One of the purposes of the book of Revelation is to encourage those who were about to experience the Roman persecutions that their sufferings would be rewarded.

(Revelation 7:16) They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.

(Revelation 7:17) For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

One way of describing the glories of the new heavens and new earthis to mention the difficulties we experience on earth and to remind us that these will be absent in heaven.


Seventh Seal

Once the seventh seal is opened all the knowledge and information contained in the scroll is available. Only after all the events of this world of pain and suffering are finished will we have true knowledge. The scroll represents the eternal state after final judgment.

(Revelation 8:1) And when he had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour.

An anticlimactic end to the seven seal visions.

In the sixth seal we learned that those Christians who died were to rest in heaven until the inauguration of the new heavens and new earth. Perhaps the seventh seal refers to the time after the second coming of Christ but before believers are given resurrected bodies.

Perhaps the silence is because we will no longer have knowledge of good and evil.


Seven Trumpet Judgments

Trumpets were used to warn people about danger. The danger is the final judgment. People are warned to repent of their sins so they will not end up in hell for eternity.

The seven trumpet judgments are concerned with the time from when the book of Revelation was written until the second coming of Christ.

(Revelation 8:2) And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were given seven trumpets.

Trumpets were used as a warning.

(Revelation 8:3) And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne.

(Revelation 8:4) And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel's hand.

Censers are used in liturgical worship; many Protestant denominations are not liturgical so they don't use censers. But censers are used in heaven.

This is the second reference to the prayers of the saints; the first was Revelation 5:8. In that reference the saints were clearly in heaven; thus, we have a reference to the Catholic doctrine of the Saints in heaven who intercede for those here on earth.

(Revelation 8:5) And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thunderings, and lightnings, and an earthquake.

(Revelation 8:6) And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.

The judgment of those on earth is a result of prayers; these judgments are expressed in terms of signs in the heavens.

The first four trumpet judgments are expressed in terms of signs in the heavens — these images refer to judgment:

The first four trumpet judgments are judgments of one-third; these are partial judgments. The pain and suffering of the creatures on earth are, in a sense, judgments. These difficulties will continue to exist until the universe is transformed in the new heavens and new earth.

The judgment of thirds corresponds to the fact that a third of the angels followed Lucifer. One out of every three influences in the spiritual realm is initiated by wicked angels.


First Trumpet

(Revelation 8:7) The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

Trees and grass. These provide food for certain animals. Even before Adam was created,animals would die due to starvation when the trees and grass were not available due to drought or wildfires.


Second Trumpet

(Revelation 8:8) And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood;

(Revelation 8:9) And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.

The sea. Sea creatures as well as humans travelling on the seas in ships have had difficulties and even death.


Third Trumpet

(Revelation 8:10) And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters;

(Revelation 8:11) And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.

Rivers, artesian wells, and other sources of fresh water. Humans and animals have experienced hardship and even death when the water supplies dried up or became contaminated.


Fourth Trumpet

(Revelation 8:12) And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.

Sun and moon. Images of signs in the heavens.


The first woe; the fifth trumpet judgment.

This woe refers to the suffering of the non-believing Jews during the seige of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. This occurred as a warning to all that if God would judge his chosen people for rejecting Christ he will not be shy about judging anyone else who rejects Christ.

(Revelation 8:13) And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!

(Revelation 9:1) And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.

The star is an angel; perhaps this refers to Satan himself who fell to earth as a result of Christ's victory over sin and the powers of wickedness, of darkness.

The bottomless pitis where Satan and other wicked spirits are confined. Satan was chained there when Jesus began his public ministry (Revelation 20:1-2). The "beast" (the wicked spirits who provoked the persecution of Christians by the Romans) ascends out of the bottomless pit (Revelation 11:7; Revelation 17:8).

These wicked spirits who reside in the bottomless pit can't corrupt the gospel nor can they snatch away the salvation of Christians but they can still inflict pain, suffering, and misery on everyone and anyone.

In Revelation 20:1 the angel which bound Satan had the key but in Revelation 9:1 the star which fell to earth was also given the key. Perhaps other evil spirits were also bound in the bottomless pit but Satan was given the key so he could release those others to perform their mischief.

The word "earth" refers to a place in the spiritual realm corresponding to the physical earth.

(Revelation 9:2) And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.

Signs in the heavens indicate judgment by God.

Since the abyssresides in the spiritual realm, so also does the sun and air referenced in this verse. For each aspect of the physical universe there is a corresponding spiritual object in the spiritual realm.

(Revelation 9:3) And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.

(Revelation 9:7) And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men.

(Revelation 9:8) And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions.

(Revelation 9:9) And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle.

The bottomless pitis not located in this physical universe; it is a spiritual place which is located in a spiritual realm closely associated with the earth. Therefore, these locusts are not physical locusts but spiritual.They have spiritual bodies just as angels have spiritual bodies. They interact with humans on the earth just as other kinds of spiritual beings interact with humans on earth. Actually, they interact with the souls of humans which also live in a spiritual realm closely associated with the earth.

These verses are literal.

(Revelation 9:4) And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

The various sealings:

Revelation 7:3 mentions not harming the earth, sea, or trees until the 144,000 are sealed. in Revelation 9:4 only those who refuse to be sealed by the beast are harmed. In the first woe the earth, sea, and trees are not harmed — but a third of them have already been harmed in the first four trumpet judgments. Perhaps this is because God only wants a third of the earth, sea, or trees harmed at this time as a warning; later his judgments will become more severe.

We might wonder why Satan harms those who are members of his kingdom. He doesn't care who he harms; he comes to steal, kill, and destroy (John 10:10).

(Revelation 9:5) And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man.

(Revelation 9:6) And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.

(Revelation 9:10) And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months.

Physical and spiritual pain so severe that people wished to be dead. The seige of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. lasted five months. Over a million people survived and became slaves. The Christians escaped before the seige.

(Revelation 9:11) And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.

Perhaps this refers to Satan, the destroyer.

Is this the same angel having the key in Revelation 9:1?It is certainly not the same angel as Revelation 20:1who binds Satan and casts him into the abyss.


The second woe; the sixth trumpet judgment.

This woe is to the pagans living in Palestine at the time the book of Revelation was written. Their lifestyle results in pain and suffering.

(Revelation 9:12) One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.

(Revelation 9:13) And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,

The voice is not God's voice but is a voice coming the altar which is before God.

(Revelation 9:14) Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.

Much of the bad that occurred to the Old Testament nation of Israel came from beyond the Euphrates river.

(Revelation 9:15) And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men.

Notice that angels are loosed. Angels live in the spirit realm and so their activities occur in the spirit realm. God judges humans by allowing wicked spirit beings access to us.

(Revelation 9:16) And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them.

A 200 million person army is a logistical impossibility. But these horsemen are not humans but are, rather, spirit beings who live in the spirit realm.

The phrase "two hundred thousand thousand" doesn't necessarily refer to exactly 200 million. They didn't have such fine math skills in the days this was written. The phrase "thousand-thousand" likely meant "many more than a thousand" not "a million".

(Revelation 9:17) And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone.

(Revelation 9:19) For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt.

Notice that fire, smoke, and brimstone comes out of their mouths. These images are common when referring to God's judgment.

Some interpret these images a referring to modern-day weapons of war but this is not a literal interpretation.If you want to interpret it to mean this don't pretend you are interpreting it literally.

(Revelation 9:18) By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.

(Revelation 9:20) And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:

(Revelation 9:21) Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.

Those that were killed in this judgment were those who rejected God. Notice that their death is to be a warning to the others who reject God in the hopes that they will repent — but they don't repent.

Notice that these people were worshipping idols; not our modern-day luxury and materialism as idols, but ancient idols crafted of metal, stone, and wood. Some who claim to interpret the Bible literally allegorizethis passage while claiming that their interpretation is literal.

The Jews in Israel at the time the book of Revelation were not worshipping idols, neither were the Christians. Therefore, this passage refers to the pagans (Greeks, Romans, and others) who lived in Palestine with temples to their gods.


Interlude

This interlude appears to be part of the second woe / the sixth trumpet (See Revelation 12:14). The warning referred to is the remainder of the book of Revelation.

(Revelation 10:1) And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire:

(Revelation 10:2) And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth,

This angel comes down from heaven and stands on the sea and the earth. There are a few things we can deduce from this passage:

(Revelation 10:3) And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices.

(Revelation 10:4) And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not.

This first vision was for John only, not for us. However, he was to continue prophesying (verse 11) and was given many additional visions.

(Revelation 10:5) And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven,

(Revelation 10:6) And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer:

(Revelation 10:7) But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

The seventh trumpet refers to the second coming of Christ.

The phrase "time no longer" does not mean that there is no time in the future state but that once the second coming begins the events of this world system with its sin, pain, and suffering are nearly over.

(Revelation 10:8) And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth.

(Revelation 10:9) And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey.

(Revelation 10:10) And I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter.

(Revelation 10:11) And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.

Books contain knowledge and information. John is given information which he is to share to others.

These images are literal. It is John's spirit which is interacting with these angels in the spirit realm. Some who insist that the Bible be interpreted literally are compelled to interpret passages such as these allegoricallyor figuratively.


Interlude

This interlude appears to be part of the second woe / the sixth trumpet (See Revelation 12:14).

This is one of the few passages in the book of Revelation which refers to yet-future events. But many of the events in the book of Revelation were future when the book was written such as the persecution of Christians by the Romans and the fall of the Roman Empire.)

(Revelation 11:1) And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.

There was no templewhen the book of Revelation was written; it had been destroyed twenty-six years earlier in 70 A.D. The temple referred to here is one of the following:

(Revelation 11:2) But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two [42] months.

The court of the Gentiles was that part of the temple Jesus cleansed because they had turned it into a marketplace.

I propose that the temple in heaven (not the highest heaven but a lower spiritual realm in which spiritual warfare occurs) has two parts:

42 months = 3–1/2 years. The destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D. took 3–1/2 years.

This does not refer to a rebuilt templeduring the yet-future time of Antichrist.There will be no such rebuilt temple and there will be no yet-future Antichrist.

(Revelation 11:3) And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days [1,260], clothed in sackcloth.

(Revelation 11:4) These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

This is clearly an image from Zechariah 4:3-14. This already occurred in the Jewish War of 66–70 A.D.

(Revelation 11:5) And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.

Supernatural fire to destroy enemies occurs in: 2 Samuel 22:8,9; Psalms 18:7,8; Jeremiah 5:14; 1 Kings 18:38; 2 Kings 1:10,12,14; Luke 9:54

(Revelation 11:6) These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will.

Elijah stopped it from raining for 3–1/2 years in 1 Kings 17:1. Moses turned the water to blood and unleashed other plagues.

(Revelation 11:7) And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.

Perhaps this beast refers to the king over the creatures which are released from the bottomless pitin Revelation 9:11. If so then this scene of the two witnessesoccurs during the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D.

(Revelation 11:8) And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.

This great city is Jerusalem since that is where Jesus was crucified. The sin of Sodom was unrestrained lust and the sin of Egypt was idolatry.

(Revelation 11:9) And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves.

(Revelation 11:10) And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.

The wicked rejoice when God's prophets are silenced.

(Revelation 11:11) And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.

Jesus was resurrected after three days in "hell."

(Revelation 11:12) And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.

Jesus ascended to heaven in a cloud as witnessed by his disciples. He will return in a cloud to be witnesses by all who are alive at the time.

(Revelation 11:13) And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven.

Earthquakes with spiritual significance are referred to in Isaiah 29:6; Matthew 27:54, 28:2; Acts 16:26; Revelation 6:12, 8:5, 11:13,19, 16:18


The third woe; the seventh trumpet judgment.

The final destruction of the world and the world system of political power at the second coming of Christ (see Revelation 10:7) — includes the seven bowl judgments.

(Revelation 11:14) The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.

(Revelation 11:15) And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

(Revelation 11:16) And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God,

(Revelation 11:17) Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.

God reigns by judging sin.

(Revelation 11:18) And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

(Revelation 11:19) And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

Signs in the Heavens


(Revelation 12:1) And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:

(Revelation 12:2) And she being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered.

(Revelation 12:3) And there appeared another wonder in heaven; and behold a great red dragon, having seven heads and ten horns, and seven crowns upon his heads.

(Revelation 12:4) And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

(Revelation 12:5) And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne.

(Revelation 12:6) And the woman fled into the wilderness, where she hath a place prepared of God, that they should feed her there a thousand two hundred and threescore days.

This verse clearly refers to the Christians who heeded Christ's warning in Matthew 24:16 and fled to Pella before the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D. There were no Christians killed because they all fled for their lives.

(Matthew 24:16) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains.

(Revelation 12:7) And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,

(Revelation 12:8) And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven.

(Revelation 12:9) And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

(Revelation 12:10) And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of his Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

(Revelation 12:11) And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

(Revelation 12:12) Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time.

(Revelation 12:13) And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child.

(Revelation 12:14) And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.

The woman is the church

(Revelation 12:15) And the serpent cast out of his mouth water as a flood after the woman, that he might cause her to be carried away of the flood.

(Revelation 12:16) And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed up the flood which the dragon cast out of his mouth.

(Revelation 12:17) And the dragon was wroth with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.


First Beast

The book of Revelation seems to be about the events of the time it was written: persecution by Domitian, continued future persecution by the Romans, the need for Christians to remain firm in their faith, the ultimate judgment of this wicked world system, the second coming of Christ, and the new heavens and new earth. Based on this we should first look to meanings of these visions as referring to one of these topics.

John discusses many topics in his various visions. He gives the background and backstory for the conditions in the world at the time and prophesies where all this will lead. His primary audience is those Christians alive at the time he wrote the book.

The first beast is the political power of the Roman empire. This beast is literally a spirit creature living on the spiritual earth. His activities in the spiritual realm have corresponding effects in our physical earthly world.

(Revelation 13:1) And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.

(Revelation 13:2) And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.

(Revelation 13:3) And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.

(Revelation 13:4) And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?

(Revelation 13:5) And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.

Nero persecuted Christians for 3–1/2 years.

(Revelation 13:18) Here is wisdom. Let him that hath understanding count the number of the beast: for it is the number of a man; and his number is Six hundred threescore and six [666].

666 refers to Nero.

(Revelation 13:6) And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

(Revelation 13:8) And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

(Revelation 13:9) If any man have an ear, let him hear.

(Revelation 13:10) He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.


Second Beast

The Roman emperors who require Christians to worship them.

(Revelation 13:11) And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon.

(Revelation 13:12) And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.

(Revelation 13:13) And he doeth great wonders, so that he maketh fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men,

(Revelation 13:14) And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by the means of those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.

(Revelation 13:15) And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship the image of the beast should be killed.

(Revelation 13:16) And he causeth all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark in their right hand, or in their foreheads:

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

(Revelation 13:17) And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.


(Revelation 14:1) And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

(Revelation 14:2) And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps:

(Revelation 14:3) And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth.

(Revelation 14:4) These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

(Revelation 14:5) And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.

(Revelation 14:6) And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people,

(Revelation 14:7) Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters.

(Revelation 14:8) And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.

In 1 Peter 5:13 Babylonrefers to Rome.

(Revelation 14:9) And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

(Revelation 14:10) The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:

(Revelation 14:11) And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

(Revelation 14:12) Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.

(Revelation 14:13) And I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Write, Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord from henceforth: Yea, saith the Spirit, that they may rest from their labours; and their works do follow them.

(Revelation 14:14) And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.

The phrase "one like the Son of man" refers to Christ and appears in Daniel 7:13

(Revelation 14:15) And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to him that sat on the cloud, Thrust in thy sickle, and reap: for the time is come for thee to reap; for the harvest of the earth is ripe.

(Revelation 14:16) And he that sat on the cloud thrust in his sickle on the earth; and the earth was reaped.

(Revelation 14:17) And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle.

(Revelation 14:18) And another angel came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe.

(Revelation 14:19) And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great winepress of the wrath of God.

(Revelation 14:20) And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand and six hundred furlongs.

(Revelation 15:1) And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.

(Revelation 15:2) And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.

(Revelation 15:3) And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.

(Revelation 15:4) Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

(Revelation 15:5) And after that I looked, and, behold, the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened:


The Seven Bowl Judgments

(Revelation 15:6) And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen, and having their breasts girded with golden girdles.

(Revelation 15:7) And one of the four beasts gave unto the seven angels seven golden vials full of the wrath of God, who liveth for ever and ever.

(Revelation 15:8) And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

(Revelation 16:1) And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.


First Bowl Judgment

(Revelation 16:2) And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.


Second Bowl Judgment

(Revelation 16:3) And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man; and every living soul died in the sea.


Third Bowl Judgment

(Revelation 16:4) And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

(Revelation 16:5) And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus.

(Revelation 16:6) For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy.

(Revelation 16:7) And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.


Fourth Bowl Judgment

(Revelation 16:8) And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire.

(Revelation 16:9) And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.


Fifth Bowl Judgment

(Revelation 16:10) And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,

(Revelation 16:11) And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.


Sixth Bowl Judgment

(Revelation 16:12) And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.

(Revelation 16:13) And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

(Revelation 16:14) For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

(Revelation 16:15) Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame.

(Revelation 16:16) And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.


Seventh Bowl Judgment

(Revelation 16:17) And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done.

(Revelation 16:18) And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great.

(Revelation 16:19) And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath.

In 1 Peter 5:13 Babylonrefers to Rome.

(Revelation 16:20) And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found.

(Revelation 16:21) And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.


The Whore of Babylon 

This section has many images some of which refer to the same thing:

(Revelation 17:1) And there came one of the seven angels which had the seven vials, and talked with me, saying unto me, Come hither; I will show unto thee the judgment of the great whore that sitteth upon many waters:

(Revelation 17:2) With whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication.

The image of fornication is used to refer to being unfaithful to God, and especially to the unfaithfulness of God's covenant people (Israel, and by way of application, the Church; Christians).

(Revelation 17:3) So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns.

The seven heads of the beast refers to Rome (see verse 7 & 9)

(Revelation 17:4) And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:

(Revelation 17:5) And upon her [the woman's] forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

In 1 Peter 5:13 Babylonrefers to Rome.

(Revelation 17:6) And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.

(Revelation 17:7) And the angel said unto me, Wherefore didst thou marvel? I will tell thee the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carrieth her, which hath the seven heads and ten horns.

The seven heads are Rome. (see verse 9)

(Revelation 17:8) The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition [destruction]: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.

This beast is Satan. At the time John had these visions Satan was confined to the bottomless pitwhere he cannot corrupt the gospel.

(Revelation 17:9) And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth.

This is an unmistakable reference to Rome. Therefore, chapter 17 is all about the Roman empire and its emperors.

(Revelation 17:10) And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.

The seven kings seem to be related to the seven heads.

(Revelation 17:11) And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition [destruction].

(Revelation 17:12) And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.

(Revelation 17:13) These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast.

(Revelation 17:14) These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful.

(Revelation 17:15) And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.

(Revelation 17:16) And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.

(Revelation 17:17) For God hath put in their [ten horns] hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.

(Revelation 17:18) And the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth.

The woman, who is the great whore, is Rome. At the time the book of Revelation was written, Rome was the imperial capital and the Roman empire ruled many nations. I think the meaning here is that the Roman empire was the focus of power for the many Roman emperors. Thus, the image of the woman refers to the power of the Roman empire.


(Revelation 18:1) And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.

(Revelation 18:2) And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.

In 1 Peter 5:13 Babylonrefers to Rome.

(Revelation 18:3) For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies.

(Revelation 18:4) And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

(Revelation 18:5) For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities.

(Revelation 18:6) Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup which she hath filled fill to her double.

(Revelation 18:7) How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.

(Revelation 18:8) Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her.

(Revelation 18:9) And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning,

(Revelation 18:10) Standing afar off for the fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgment come.

In 1 Peter 5:13 Babylonrefers to Rome.

(Revelation 18:11) And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more:

(Revelation 18:12) The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble,

(Revelation 18:13) And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

(Revelation 18:14) And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all.

(Revelation 18:15) The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing,

(Revelation 18:16) And saying, Alas, alas, that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls!

(Revelation 18:17) For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off,

(Revelation 18:18) And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city!

(Revelation 18:19) And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate.

(Revelation 18:20) Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her.

(Revelation 18:21) And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.

In 1 Peter 5:13 Babylonrefers to Rome.

(Revelation 18:22) And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee;

(Revelation 18:23) And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived.

(Revelation 18:24) And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.

(Revelation 19:1) And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honour, and power, unto the Lord our God:

(Revelation 19:2) For true and righteous are his judgments: for he hath judged the great whore, which did corrupt the earth with her fornication, and hath avenged the blood of his servants at her hand.

(Revelation 19:3) And again they said, Alleluia. And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.

(Revelation 19:4) And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia.

(Revelation 19:5) And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great.

(Revelation 19:6) And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.

(Revelation 19:7) Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready.

(Revelation 19:8) And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.

(Revelation 19:9) And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.

(Revelation 19:10) And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

(Revelation 19:11) And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

(Revelation 19:12) His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

(Revelation 19:13) And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.

(Revelation 19:14) And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

(Revelation 19:15) And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

(Revelation 19:16) And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

(Revelation 19:17) And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves together unto the supper of the great God;

(Revelation 19:18) That ye may eat the flesh of kings, and the flesh of captains, and the flesh of mighty men, and the flesh of horses, and of them that sit on them, and the flesh of all men, both free and bond, both small and great.

(Revelation 19:19) And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against him that sat on the horse, and against his army.

(Revelation 19:20) And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

(Revelation 19:21) And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which sword proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.


1,000 Years 

(Revelation 20:1) And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.

(Revelation 20:2) And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,

There is an angel who is powerful enough to bind Satan. God uses angels to perform his work.

More about the 1,000 years.

(Revelation 20:3) And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:4 | Revelation 22:4

More about the 1,000 years.

Satan was marked via a seal so the he could not be released until his time (See Genesis 4:15). Seals refer to the power to prevent certain activities or situations. They provide protection for believers and guarantee damnation for unbelievers. The redeemed are sealed to give them the power to endure and persevere to the end, so they can't lose their salvation.

Loosed a little season — from about 1054 A.D. to the end of the world occurring perhaps hundreds, or thousands, or millions of years from now. It might seem the phrase "little season" demands fulfillment within a decade or two but remember, Satan has been at his corrupting of the creatures of the world for 4+ billion years.

(Revelation 20:4) And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 22:4

This judgment occurs after Satan is loosed for a short time.

The souls of the martyrs are in heaven.

Believers live and reign with Christ after they die. This occurs for the duration of the church age. Notice that the time is different for each person — it depends on when they die. Those who die earlier will reign with Christ for longer than those who die after them.

(Revelation 20:5) But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.

The phrase rest of the dead refers to unbelievers, to the unredeemed.

The first sentence interrupts the flow of ideas. The second sentence resumes the flow of ideas from verse 4.

Believers who stand firm in the faith and endure persecutions, tribulations, and trials (as all believers must) participate in the first resurrection. The term first resurrection refers to the time of death for believers and the state of existence for them until the second coming of Christ (the second resurrection). At the first resurrection their souls rise (Mark 12:23-26) after which time they rule and reign with Christ.

(Revelation 20:6) Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

(Revelation 20:7) And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,

This occurred about1054 A.D.

(Revelation 20:8) And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.

(Revelation 20:9) And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.

See Ezekiel 38 & 39.

(Revelation 20:10) And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

(Revelation 20:11) And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

(Revelation 20:12) And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.

We are judged by our works.

(Revelation 20:13) And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

(Revelation 20:14) And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

(Revelation 20:15) And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

(Revelation 21:1) And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

(Revelation 21:2) And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.

In the new earth there will be a literal city of Jerusalem. Ezekiel 40 — 48 also describes the new temple and the land of Israel which completely fills the current area of Palestine. Perhaps the new Jerusalem .

(Revelation 21:3) And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

(Revelation 21:4) And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

(Revelation 21:5) And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful.

(Revelation 21:6) And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.

(Revelation 21:7) He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son.

(Revelation 21:8) But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

(Revelation 21:9) And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will show thee the bride, the Lamb's wife.

(Revelation 21:10) And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,

(Revelation 21:11) Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

(Revelation 21:12) And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:

(Revelation 21:13) On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.

(Revelation 21:14) And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.

(Revelation 21:15) And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.

(Revelation 21:16) And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal.

(Revelation 21:17) And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel.

(Revelation 21:18) And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass.

(Revelation 21:19) And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald;

(Revelation 21:20) The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.

(Revelation 21:21) And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass.

(Revelation 21:22) And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

(Revelation 21:23) And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

(Revelation 21:24) And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it.

(Revelation 21:25) And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there.

(Revelation 21:26) And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.

(Revelation 21:27) And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.

(Revelation 22:1) And he showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.

(Revelation 22:2) In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.

(Revelation 22:3) And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve him:

(Revelation 22:4) And they shall see his face; and his name shall be in their foreheads.

There are many passages in the book of Revelation about people being sealed: Revelation 7:3 | Revelation 9:4 | Revelation 13:16 | Revelation 14:1 | Revelation 14:9 | Revelation 17:5 | Revelation 20:3 | Revelation 20:4

(Revelation 22:5) And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

(Revelation 22:6) And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to show unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.

(Revelation 22:7) Behold, I come quickly: blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.

(Revelation 22:8) And I John saw these things, and heard them. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel which showed me these things.

(Revelation 22:9) Then saith he unto me, See thou do it not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship God.

 

(Revelation 22:10) And he saith unto me, Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand.

In this verse the phrase "at hand" means "now" or "very soon".

(Revelation 22:11) He that is unjust, let him be unjust still: and he which is filthy, let him be filthy still: and he that is righteous, let him be righteous still: and he that is holy, let him be holy still.

(Revelation 22:12) And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

(Revelation 22:13) I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

(Revelation 22:14) Blessed are they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city.

(Revelation 22:15) For without are dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

(Revelation 22:16) I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.

(Revelation 22:17) And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

(Revelation 22:18) For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:

(Revelation 22:19) And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

(Revelation 22:20) He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.

Jesus states in 96 A.D. (when the book of Revelation was written) that he will come quickly or soon but sixty years earlier he also stated that he would come soon (see Matthew 24:42;26:64; John 21:23). Obviously he was not saying that he would come back within a few years. Some possibilities:

Perhaps one reason full-preterists insist that the book of Revelation was written before the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. is their belief that the destruction of the temple is the same event as the second coming of Christ.

See also: Revelation 22:7, Revelation 3:11, Revelation 11:14


Daniel 

Daniel 2 | Daniel 7 | Daniel 8 | Daniel 9 | Daniel 10-12

Themes of Daniel:


Daniel 2

(Daniel 2:29) As for thee, O king, thy thoughts came into thy mind upon thy bed, what should come to pass hereafter: and he that revealeth secrets maketh known to thee what shall come to pass.

Events in the future of Daniel's day.

(Daniel 2:38) And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou art this head of gold.

Babylonian Empire, the first beast of Daniel 7.

(Daniel 2:39) And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.

Medo-Persian Empire (silver), the second beast of Daniel 7, the Ram of Daniel 8.

Greece, the third beast of Daniel 7, the goat of Daniel 8.

(Daniel 2:40) And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise.

The Roman empire, the fourth beast of Daniel 7.

(Daniel 2:41) And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters' clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay.

(Daniel 2:42) And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.

(Daniel 2:43) And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.

A republic (at times), a collection of many different people.

(Daniel 2:44) And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.

Christ came to set up his kingdom during Roman times.


Daniel 7

(Daniel 7:3) And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.

(Daniel 7:17) These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth.

Each beast represents a kingdom.

These beasts arise out of the sea and the earth.

The First Three Beasts

(Daniel 7:4) The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.

Babylon Empire, the gold of Daniel 2.

(Daniel 7:5) And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.

Medo-Persian Empire, the silver of Daniel 2, the Ram of Daniel 8.

(Daniel 7:6) After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.

Greece under Alexander the Great, the brass of Daniel 2, the goat of Daniel 8. After Alexander's death the kingdom split into four. The image of head refers to a king.

Fourth Beast

(Daniel 7:7) After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.

The fourth beast is the Roman empire, the iron and iron-clay of Daniel 2.

The ten horns are the first ten emperors of the Roman Empire.

(Daniel 7:11) I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.

The Roman Empire was destroyed. This is a theme of the book of Revelation.

The Little Horn

(Daniel 7:8) I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.

The little horn refers to the Domitian, the 11th emperor of the Roman Empire. He was emperor at the time the book of Revelation was written.

The little horn should not be interpreted as a yet-future event because this horn is part of the fourth beast which was destroyed (verse 11).

(Daniel 7:24) And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.

The image of horn refers to a king.

There is one king, one horn, who subdues three kings.

(Daniel 7:21) I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them;

Domitian's persecution occurred at the time the book of Revelation was written.

(Daniel 7:25) And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.

Domitian's period of persecution lasted for 3–1/2 years before he died.

The Ancient of Days

(Daniel 7:9) I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.

This verse seems to run-on from the preceeding verse making it possible to interpret the fourth beast and the little horn as yet-future events. The difficulty is that in interpreting it this way requires that we also accept that the Roman Empire (the fourth beast) continues on even today but this is clearly not the case: Rome was destroyed, the Byzantine Empire was destroyed, and the Holy Roman Empire (which can't really be considered an extension of the Roman Empire) ended. Therefore, the compressed time is merely a literary device; ignoring events not relevant to the topic. The topic of chapter 7 of Daniel is to introduce the kingdoms of the world up to the time of the Messiah and to indicate that these kingdoms would be destroyed. Once Christ's kingdom is established in the Church there is no need to consider additional world kingdoms.

(Daniel 7:10) A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.

Revelation 5:11

(Daniel 7:13) I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.

The phrase "one like the Son of man" refers to Christ and appears in Revelation 1:13 and 14:14

(Daniel 7:14) And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

Christ's kingdom.

(Daniel 7:18) But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.

The Church inherits Christ's kingdom.

(Daniel 7:22) Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.

(Daniel 7:27) And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.

The Church possesses the kingdom of Christ.

(Daniel 7:26) But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his [the little horn] dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.

(Daniel 7:12) As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.

The four beasts / kingdoms continued to have influence even after they fell from political power.


Daniel 8

The Ram

(Daniel 8:3) Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last.

(Daniel 8:4) I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

(Daniel 8:20) The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia.

Medo-Persian Empire, the silver of Daniel 2, the first beast of Daniel 7.

The Goat

(Daniel 8:5) And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat had a notable horn between his eyes.

The notable horn is Alexander the Great.

(Daniel 8:6) And he came to the ram that had two horns, which I had seen standing before the river, and ran unto him in the fury of his power.

(Daniel 8:7) And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.

Alexander the Great destroyed the Persian empire.

(Daniel 8:8) Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.

(Daniel 8:22) Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.

After Alexander the Great died the kingdom was divided into four parts.

(Daniel 8:21) And the rough goat is the king of Grecia: and the great horn that is between his eyes is the first king.

Greece under Alexander the Great, the brass of Daniel 2, the third beast of Daniel 7.

The Little Horn

(Daniel 8:9) And out of one of them came forth a little horn, which waxed exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land.

(Daniel 8:23) And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.

The little horn refers to Antiochus Epiphanes.

The little horn came from one of the four divisions of Alexander the Great's empire, the Seleucid. The book of 1 Maccabees 1 describes all these events.

(Daniel 8:24) And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practice, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.

(Daniel 8:25) And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

Some interpret this as referring to a yet-future Antichrist but doing so requires we accept the notion that we are still in the age of the four divisions of Alexander the Great's Empire: this is clearly false. Also, the Romans destroyed the Jews in 70 A.D (and after) so we should prefer to interpret the reference to destroying the mighty and holy people to that event rather than a yet-future time.

It is hard to see how Antiochus Epiphanes destroyed the mighty and holy people and how he stood up against the Prince of princes. But interpreting this fourth horn as a yet-future Antichrist who destroys the yet-future Jews and fights against Jesus at his second coming is no better. Also, interpreting these events as yet-future interrupts the flow of the text. I suppose the best interpretation is that the wicked spirit in the heavenly realm who enables and empowers Antiochus Epiphanes also causes the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by forcing the Jews to fight for their nationhood; they also do this against the Romans but this time it fails. There is a sense in which Jesus comes back during the events of 70 A.D. as we read in Matthew 24:27.

(Daniel 8:10) And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.

During his last few years he tried to destroy the Jews. But about 3 years (1,095 days) later in 165 B.C. Judas Maccabees recaptured Jerusalem and rededicated the temple to the Lord.

(Daniel 8:11) Yea, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.

Antiochus Epiphanes set up a pagan altar about two months before removing the altar.

(Daniel 8:13) Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain saint which spake, How long shall be the vision concerning the daily sacrifice, and the transgression of desolation [destruction] , to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?

The term "transgression of desolation" is the same as the "abomination of desolation". In Matthew 24:15 Jesus refers to the abomination of desolation as occurring at the time of the destruction of the temple. Therefore, he was not referring to this reference in Daniel 8:13.

(Daniel 8:14) And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days [evenings and mornings]; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

2,300 evenings and mornings. There was a morning and an evening sacrifice, so this is 1,150 days (3 years plus 55 days) in which the sacrifice was absent. Antiochus Epiphanes set up a pagan altar about two months before removing the altar.

(Daniel 8:17) So he came near where I stood: and when he came, I was afraid, and fell upon my face: but he said unto me, Understand, O son of man: for at the time of the end shall be the vision.

(Daniel 8:19) And he said, Behold, I will make thee know what shall be in the last end of the indignation: for at the time appointed the end shall be.

The phrase "time of the end" refers to several hundred years before the advent of Jesus.

Some interpret the phrase "last end of the indignation" as referring to a yet-future time but doing so results in a confusing flow of ideas in the verses following. The phrase "last end of the indignation" refers to the final days of the Jews before the Messiah appears on the scene. Antiochus Epiphanes vexes the Jews during this time.

(Daniel 8:25) And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.

Antiochus Epiphanes died of illness or accident — not by murder.

(Daniel 8:26) And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it shall be for many days.

Refers to the evening and morning sacrifice at the temple.


Daniel 9

(Daniel 9:2) In the first year of his reign I Daniel understood by books the number of the years, whereof the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the prophet, that he would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem.

Daniel is pondering the number seventy.

(Daniel 9:16) O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people are become a reproach to all that are about us.

The answer to this prayer is the advent of Christ.

(Daniel 9:17) Now therefore, O our God, hear the prayer of thy servant, and his supplications, and cause thy face to shine upon thy sanctuary that is desolate, for the Lord's sake.

The Jews were captive in Babylon and the temple had been desecrated and was now unused.

(Daniel 9:24) Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.

Daniel was praying for the sins of his people and for Jerusalem.

In Jeremiah we have seventy years. In Daniel 9 we have seventy weeks of years (70 times 7) which equals 490 years.

(Daniel 9:25) Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two [62] weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.

Seven years plus 62 years equals 69 years.

There are various schemes of how long a year is, whether 360 days (I reject this)or 365 days. But in each of these methods one thing is clear — this prophecy unambiguously identifies the appearance of Jesus as the Messiah for those who will accept Him as such. Even modern rabbis who believe that the expected Messiah didn't come because they reject Jesus as the Messiah use Daniel chapter 9 to pinpoint the time of the Messiah's expected appearance.

The decree to rebuild Jerusalem is given in Nehemiah 2:5

Adding 483 years (69 x 7) to that date gives the day of the baptism of Jesus. Jesus comments that he needed to be baptized as a fulfillment of prophecy.

(Matthew 3:15) And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer [allow] it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered [allowed] him.

(Daniel 9:26) And after threescore and two [62] weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

After the 483 years (7 times seven + 62 times seven) Jesus was crucified.

The ruler who will come — this was Titus. His armies destroyed Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D., about 40 years later.

The events in this verse are not part of the 70th seven, they merely happen after the 69th seven.

(Daniel 9:27) And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

The word "he" refers to Jesus. He confirms the covenant of the promised Messiah at his baptism by John the Baptist. During his earthly ministry he was confirming his covenant as Messiah with the Jews. Neither he nor the church began evangelizing to non-Jews until after the martyrdom of Stephen.

The 70th seven began at Jesus' baptism and ended with the martyrdom of Stephen. After Stephen's martyrdom the church left Jerusalem and dispersed. In the middle of that time Jesus was crucified: after that there was no more need for sacrifice.

(Hebrews 10:12) But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God.

Because the Jewish leaders rejected Jesus' claim to be the Messiah and confirmed this again by martyring Stephen, God would judge Israel by destroying the temple and Jerusalem in 70 A.D. (described in verse 26). In Matthew 24:15 Jesus refers to the abomination of desolation as the destruction of the temple.


Daniel 10-12

Daniel 11:2-35 refers to the time from Cyrus the Great and Antiochus Epiphanes.

(Daniel 10:14) Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days.

This prophecy concerns the Jews in the latter days.

(Daniel 11:31) And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.

This is a reference to Antiochus Epiphanes. During his last few years he tried to destroy the Jews. He abolished temple worship and set up a pagan altar in the temple. But about 3 years (1,095 days) later in 165 B.C. Judas Maccabees recaptured Jerusalem and rededicated the temple to the Lord.

In Matthew 24:15 Jesus refers to the abomination of desolation as occurring at the time of the destruction of the temple. Therefore, he was not referring to this reference in Daniel 11:31.

(Daniel 11:32) And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.

(Daniel 11:33) And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.

(Daniel 11:34) Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.

(Daniel 11:35) And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.

The Maccabees rebel against Antiochus Epiphanes; they are the "people that know their God". Many of these were defeated in battle or martyred.

The end of the nation of Israel would occur in the future. Verse 36 jumps ahead to the time of the Romans who will destroy the temple.


The following do not match the events of Antiochus Epiphanes.

(Daniel 11:36) And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.

(Daniel 11:37) Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.

(Daniel 11:38) But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.

(Daniel 11:39) Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

There is a break in the chronology here. These are Roman kings.

(Daniel 11:40) And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.

The king of the south is Cleopatra.

(Daniel 11:41) He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon.

(Daniel 11:42) He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.

(Daniel 11:43) But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.

(Daniel 11:44) But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.

More exploits of the Romans.

(Daniel 11:45) And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.

The Romans even took control of Israel.

(Daniel 12:1) And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

I see no reason for a gap in this verse. Clearly Michael assists the nation of Israel. This time of trouble matches well with Matthew 24:21 which refers to the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple by the Romans.

Who are those who are delivered? It seems to indicate that God's covenant nation of Israel has ended and that the Jews are individually judged. Perhaps they are judged because they are killed — there is a judgment for everyone at the time of their death.

It is important to understand Michael's role in the nation of Israel.

(Jude 9) Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.


(Daniel 12:1) And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

This passage concerns a time of trouble (great tribulation). This time of trouble occurred during the Jewish war with the Romans ending in 70 A.D. The God-honoring Jews (the remnant) who were killed during this time of trouble would be delivered.

(Daniel 12:2) And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

The great white throne judgment which occurs after Christ's second coming. This verse is specifically referring to Jews but by application also includes all of the redeemed.

(Daniel 12:7) And I heard the man clothed in linen, which was upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that it shall be for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these things shall be finished.

The Jewish war ending in 70 A.D. which resulted in the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple lasted for three and a half years (1,260 days). The Jews were scattered after this.

(Daniel 12:9) And he said, Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are closed up and sealed till the time of the end.

The phrase "time of the end" refers to the time of Jesus. He prophesied the destruction of the temple in Matthew 24.

(Daniel 12:11) And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.

In Matthew 24:15 Jesus refers to this as the destruction of the temple. The significance of the 1,290 days (and the 1,335 days in the next verse) is not clear.

(Daniel 12:12) Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.

Referring to events of the Jewish war ending in 70 A.D. It took about 75 days (1,335 - 1,260) from the time the Romans first broke through one of the walls of Jerusalem until they finally destroyed the temple on July 29/30, 70 A.D.


Jeremiah 

These verses refer to the new heavens and new earth.

(Jeremiah 33:14) Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will perform that good thing which I have promised unto the house of Israel and to the house of Judah.

(Jeremiah 33:15) In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.

(Jeremiah 33:16) In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness.

(Jeremiah 33:17) For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;

(Jeremiah 33:18) Neither shall the priests the Levites want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually.

(Jeremiah 33:19) And the word of the LORD came unto Jeremiah, saying,

(Jeremiah 33:20) Thus saith the LORD; If ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;

(Jeremiah 33:21) Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers.

(Jeremiah 33:22) As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.


Ezekiel 

Chapters: 37 | 38 & 39 | 40–47

Ezekiel 37

This passage addresses Israel in the general resurrection and the new heavens and new earth. It has application to the Jews at the time of the Babylonian captivity after which some of them would return to the land and there would no longer be two kingdoms. There is also a Messianic element to the reference to king David.

(Ezekiel 37:1) The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones,

(Ezekiel 37:2) And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry.

(Ezekiel 37:3) And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live? And I answered, O Lord GOD, thou knowest.

(Ezekiel 37:4) Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the LORD.

(Ezekiel 37:5) Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live:

(Ezekiel 37:6) And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

(Ezekiel 37:7) So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone.

(Ezekiel 37:8) And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them.

(Ezekiel 37:9) Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.

(Ezekiel 37:10) So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.

These are the Jews of every age which will come to life again at the general resurrection.

(Ezekiel 37:11) Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.

All Jews of all ages.

(Ezekiel 37:12) Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel.

(Ezekiel 37:13) And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves,

(Ezekiel 37:14) And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD.

They are resurrected and return to Israel. This occurs during the new heavens and new earth.

(Ezekiel 37:15) The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

(Ezekiel 37:16) Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions:

(Ezekiel 37:17) And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.

(Ezekiel 37:18) And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not show us what thou meanest by these?

(Ezekiel 37:19) Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand.

(Ezekiel 37:20) And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thine hand before their eyes.

(Ezekiel 37:21) And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land:

(Ezekiel 37:22) And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all:

(Ezekiel 37:23) Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.

(Ezekiel 37:24) And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.

This prophecy was not fulfilled in the regathering of the Jews into the land of Israel after the Babylonian captivity.

Refers to the new heavens and new earth in which David will literally be king over Israel.

(Ezekiel 37:25) And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.

(Ezekiel 37:26) Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.

(Ezekiel 37:27) My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

(Ezekiel 37:28) And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.

Refers to the new heavens and new earth. The resurrected David is the prince who will rule over Israel for ever.


Ezekiel 38 & 39

Ezekiel 38 and 39 occurred in the past.

(Ezekiel 38:2) Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,

(Ezekiel 38:3) And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

(Ezekiel 38:4) And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:

(Ezekiel 38:5) Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:

(Ezekiel 38:6) Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.

(Ezekiel 38:7) Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them.

(Ezekiel 38:8) After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them.

(Ezekiel 38:9) Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee.

(Ezekiel 38:10) Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:

(Ezekiel 38:11) And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates,

The cities and towns had walls until modern times, therefore, this prophecy concerns modern times.

(Ezekiel 38:12) To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land.

Referring to the modern nation of Israel.

(Ezekiel 38:13) Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?

(Ezekiel 38:14) Therefore, son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, Thus saith the Lord GOD; In that day when my people of Israel dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it?

(Ezekiel 38:15) And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou, and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army:

(Ezekiel 38:16) And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes.

(Ezekiel 38:17) Thus saith the Lord GOD; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring thee against them?

The prophecy of the event occurs elsewhere in the writings of the prophets.

(Ezekiel 38:18) And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, that my fury shall come up in my face.

(Ezekiel 38:19) For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;

(Ezekiel 38:20) So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.

This is quite a cataclysmic event.

(Ezekiel 38:21) And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother.

(Ezekiel 38:22) And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.

(Ezekiel 38:23) Thus will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I am the LORD.

(Ezekiel 39:1) Therefore, thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:

(Ezekiel 39:2) And I will turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts, and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel:

(Ezekiel 39:3) And I will smite thy bow out of thy left hand, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand.

(Ezekiel 39:4) Thou shalt fall upon the mountains of Israel, thou, and all thy bands, and the people that is with thee: I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured.

(Ezekiel 39:5) Thou shalt fall upon the open field: for I have spoken it, saith the Lord GOD.

(Ezekiel 39:6) And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the LORD.

(Ezekiel 39:7) So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel.

(Ezekiel 39:8) Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this is the day whereof I have spoken.

(Ezekiel 39:9) And they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the handstaves, and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years:

(Ezekiel 39:10) So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord GOD.

(Ezekiel 39:11) And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog a place there of graves in Israel, the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea: and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury Gog and all his multitude: and they shall call it The valley of Hamongog.

(Ezekiel 39:12) And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land.

(Ezekiel 39:13) Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord GOD.

(Ezekiel 39:14) And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search.

(Ezekiel 39:15) And the passengers that pass through the land, when any seeth a man's bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamongog.

It takes seven months to clean up the mess.

This is a very strange description of how the dead are to be handled. Perhaps the area is radioactive or the bodies died of plague.

The word "passengers" seems to refer to special workers who assist those who clean up the mess and bury the dead.

Notice from verse 9 that they use the weapons as firewood for heat. Thus, the world does not end immediately after this. In my view it might be hundreds, thousands, or even millions of years after these events until the second coming of Christ.

(Ezekiel 39:16) And also the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land.

(Ezekiel 39:17) And, thou son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; Speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, Assemble yourselves, and come; gather yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood.

(Ezekiel 39:18) Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan.

(Ezekiel 39:19) And ye shall eat fat till ye be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, of my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you.

(Ezekiel 39:20) Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord GOD.

(Ezekiel 39:21) And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgment that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.

(Ezekiel 39:22) So the house of Israel shall know that I am the LORD their God from that day and forward.

(Ezekiel 39:23) And the heathen shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity: because they trespassed against me, therefore hid I my face from them, and gave them into the hand of their enemies: so fell they all by the sword.

(Ezekiel 39:24) According to their uncleanness and according to their transgressions have I done unto them, and hid my face from them.

(Ezekiel 39:25) Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Now will I bring again the captivity of Jacob, and have mercy upon the whole house of Israel, and will be jealous for my holy name;

(Ezekiel 39:26) After that they have borne their shame, and all their trespasses whereby they have trespassed against me, when they dwelt safely in their land, and none made them afraid.

(Ezekiel 39:27) When I have brought them again from the people, and gathered them out of their enemies' lands, and am sanctified in them in the sight of many nations;

(Ezekiel 39:28) Then shall they know that I am the LORD their God, which caused them to be led into captivity among the heathen: but I have gathered them unto their own land, and have left none of them any more there.

(Ezekiel 39:29) Neither will I hide my face any more from them: for I have poured out my spirit upon the house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.


Ezekiel 40–47

Israel in the New Heavens and New Earth

This vision is of the new heavens and new earth. It concerns the nation of Israel, the priesthood, the temple, the sacrifices, the prince, the river of life, and the trees of life. There will be nations in the new earth. Jews will find great joy in being able to live as Jews in the new earth.

By showing the Jews the glorious future that awaits them in the new earth he is encouraging and admonishing them to live a holy and consecrated life on this earth. In one passage he refers to them in this earth (Ezekiel 44:6-31)

The promises to Israel are literally fulfilled in the new heavens and new earth.

(Ezekiel 40:2) In the visions of God brought he me into the land of Israel, and set me upon a very high mountain, by which was as the frame of a city on the south.

The land of Israel ultimately belongs to the Jews, not to the Christians and not to the Muslims.

(Ezekiel 40:4) And the man said unto me, Son of man, behold with thine eyes, and hear with thine ears, and set thine heart upon all that I shall show thee; for to the intent that I might show them unto thee art thou brought hither: declare all that thou seest to the house of Israel.

This vision should encourage the Jews just as visions of heaven are to encourage Christians and to give them hope. I should mention that redeemed Christians will enjoy the new heavens and new earth just as the Jews will; they will form into communities and churches and even nations. The Eucharist will be central in their worship.

(Ezekiel 40:38) And the chambers and the entries thereof were by the posts of the gates, where they washed the burnt offering.

(Ezekiel 40:39) And in the porch of the gate were two tables on this side, and two tables on that side, to slay thereon the burnt offering and the sin offering and the trespass offering.

(Ezekiel 40:41) Four tables were on this side, and four tables on that side, by the side of the gate; eight tables, whereupon they slew their sacrifices.

(Ezekiel 40:42) And the four tables were of hewn stone for the burnt offering, of a cubit and an half long, and a cubit and an half broad, and one cubit high: whereupon also they laid the instruments wherewith they slew the burnt offering and the sacrifice.

(Ezekiel 40:43) And within were hooks, an hand broad, fastened round about: and upon the tables was the flesh of the offering.

(Ezekiel 42:13) Then said he unto me, The north chambers and the south chambers, which are before the separate place, they be holy chambers, where the priests that approach unto the LORD shall eat the most holy things: there shall they lay the most holy things, and the meat offering, and the sin offering, and the trespass offering; for the place is holy.

There will be animal sacrifices in the new heavens and new earth, however, animals will not be killed; Jesus' sacrifice on the cross will be the sacrifice they offer just as during the Eucharist.

(Ezekiel 43:2) And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice was like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory.

(Ezekiel 43:3) And it was according to the appearance of the vision which I saw, even according to the vision that I saw when I came to destroy the city: and the visions were like the vision that I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell upon my face.

(Ezekiel 43:4) And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate whose prospect is toward the east.

(Ezekiel 43:5) So the spirit took me up, and brought me into the inner court; and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.

(Ezekiel 44:4) Then brought he me the way of the north gate before the house: and I looked, and, behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD: and I fell upon my face.

In the new heavens and new earth the glory of the Lord will fill the temple as in Old Testament times.

(Ezekiel 43:7) And he said unto me, Son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever, and my holy name, shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places.

Life will be a paradise in the new heavens and new earth.

(Ezekiel 43:10) Thou son of man, show the house to the house of Israel, that they may be ashamed of their iniquities: and let them measure the pattern.

(Ezekiel 43:11) And if they be ashamed of all that they have done, show them the form of the house, and the fashion thereof, and the goings out thereof, and the comings in thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and all the forms thereof, and all the laws thereof: and write it in their sight, that they may keep the whole form thereof, and all the ordinances thereof, and do them.

The purpose of Ezekiel's vision of the temple is to exhort the Jews to live holy lives according to the covenant. It doesn't say that they are to build it but that they are to be faithful to its design. The details of the temple contain symbolic elements to encourage and teach them.

(Ezekiel 43:18) And he said unto me, Son of man, thus saith the Lord GOD; These are the ordinances of the altar in the day when they shall make it, to offer burnt offerings thereon, and to sprinkle blood thereon.

(Ezekiel 43:19) And thou shalt give to the priests the Levites that be of the seed of Zadok, which approach unto me, to minister unto me, saith the Lord GOD, a young bullock for a sin offering.

(Ezekiel 43:20) And thou shalt take of the blood thereof, and put it on the four horns of it, and on the four corners of the settle, and upon the border round about: thus shalt thou cleanse and purge it.

(Ezekiel 43:21) Thou shalt take the bullock also of the sin offering, and he shall burn it in the appointed place of the house, without the sanctuary.

(Ezekiel 43:22) And on the second day thou shalt offer a kid of the goats without blemish for a sin offering; and they shall cleanse the altar, as they did cleanse it with the bullock.

(Ezekiel 43:23) When thou hast made an end of cleansing it, thou shalt offer a young bullock without blemish, and a ram out of the flock without blemish.

(Ezekiel 43:24) And thou shalt offer them before the LORD, and the priests shall cast salt upon them, and they shall offer them up for a burnt offering unto the LORD.

(Ezekiel 43:25) Seven days shalt thou prepare every day a goat for a sin offering: they shall also prepare a young bullock, and a ram out of the flock, without blemish.

(Ezekiel 43:27) And when these days are expired, it shall be, that upon the eighth day, and so forward, the priests shall make your burnt offerings upon the altar, and your peace offerings; and I will accept you, saith the Lord GOD.

There will be animal sacrifices in the new heavens and new earth, however, animals will not be killed; Jesus' sacrifice on the cross will be the sacrifice they offer just as during the Eucharist.

(Ezekiel 44:6) And thou shalt say to the rebellious, even to the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; O ye house of Israel, let it suffice you of all your abominations,

(Ezekiel 44:7) In that ye have brought into my sanctuary strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary, to pollute it, even my house, when ye offer my bread, the fat and the blood, and they have broken my covenant because of all your abominations.

(Ezekiel 44:8) And ye have not kept the charge of mine holy things: but ye have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves.

(Ezekiel 44:10) And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity.

(Ezekiel 44:11) Yet they shall be ministers in my sanctuary, having charge at the gates of the house, and ministering to the house: they shall slay the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and they shall stand before them to minister unto them.

(Ezekiel 44:12) Because they ministered unto them before their idols, and caused the house of Israel to fall into iniquity; therefore have I lifted up mine hand against them, saith the Lord GOD, and they shall bear their iniquity.

(Ezekiel 44:13) And they shall not come near unto me, to do the office of a priest unto me, nor to come near to any of my holy things, in the most holy place: but they shall bear their shame, and their abominations which they have committed.

(Ezekiel 44:14) But I will make them keepers of the charge of the house, for all the service thereof, and for all that shall be done therein.

(Ezekiel 44:15) But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD:

(Ezekiel 44:16) They shall enter into my sanctuary, and they shall come near to my table, to minister unto me, and they shall keep my charge.

(Ezekiel 44:21) Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court.

(Ezekiel 44:22) Neither shall they take for their wives a widow, nor her that is put away: but they shall take maidens of the seed of the house of Israel, or a widow that had a priest before.

(Ezekiel 44:23) And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

(Ezekiel 44:31) The priests shall not eat of any thing that is dead of itself, or torn, whether it be fowl or beast.

In this section Ezekiel is admonishing those before his time and those soon after him who would again enter the land. Certain tribes were not to be allowed into the temple. The priests were to live a consecrated life according to a certain rule. He is not talking about the new heavens and new earth.

(Ezekiel 45:1) Moreover, when ye shall divide by lot the land for inheritance, ye shall offer an oblation unto the LORD, an holy portion of the land: the length shall be the length of five and twenty thousand reeds, and the breadth shall be ten thousand. This shall be holy in all the borders thereof round about.

Ezekiel changes the subject back to the new heavens and new earth.

(Ezekiel 45:13) This is the oblation that ye shall offer; the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of wheat, and ye shall give the sixth part of an ephah of an homer of barley:

(Ezekiel 45:14) Concerning the ordinance of oil, the bath of oil, ye shall offer the tenth part of a bath out of the cor, which is an homer of ten baths; for ten baths are an homer:

There will be grain offerings and other ceremonial rites in the new heavens and new earth.

(Ezekiel 45:15) And one lamb out of the flock, out of two hundred, out of the fat pastures of Israel; for a meat offering, and for a burnt offering, and for peace offerings, to make reconciliation for them, saith the Lord GOD.

(Ezekiel 45:17) And it shall be the prince's part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.

(Ezekiel 45:18) Thus saith the Lord GOD; In the first month, in the first day of the month, thou shalt take a young bullock without blemish, and cleanse the sanctuary:

(Ezekiel 45:19) And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering, and put it upon the posts of the house, and upon the four corners of the settle of the altar, and upon the posts of the gate of the inner court.

There will be animal sacrifices in the new heavens and new earth as a reminder of the former world of sin its dreaded effects. However, animals will not be killed; Jesus' sacrifice on the cross will be the sacrifice they offer just as during the Eucharist.

The resurrected David is the prince who will rule over Israel for ever.

(Ezekiel 45:20) And so thou shalt do the seventh day of the month for every one that erreth, and for him that is simple: so shall ye reconcile the house.

There will not be sin in the new heavens and new earth so this ceremony will be short. The Jews who read this passage were to remember their sins and to sacrifice for them but in the new heavens and new earth they merely remember and celebrate their redemption.

(Ezekiel 45:21) In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.

(Ezekiel 45:22) And upon that day shall the prince prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bullock for a sin offering.

(Ezekiel 45:23) And seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt offering to the LORD, seven bullocks and seven rams without blemish daily the seven days; and a kid of the goats daily for a sin offering.

(Ezekiel 45:24) And he shall prepare a meat offering of an ephah for a bullock, and an ephah for a ram, and an hin of oil for an ephah.

(Ezekiel 45:25) In the seventh month, in the fifteenth day of the month, shall he do the like in the feast of the seven days, according to the sin offering, according to the burnt offering, and according to the meat offering, and according to the oil.

In the new heavens and new earth the Jews will still celebrate the feast days including sacrifices.

The resurrected David is the prince who will rule over Israel for ever.

(Ezekiel 46:16) Thus saith the Lord GOD; If the prince give a gift unto any of his sons, the inheritance thereof shall be his sons'; it shall be their possession by inheritance.

(Ezekiel 46:17) But if he give a gift of his inheritance to one of his servants, then it shall be his to the year of liberty; after it shall return to the prince: but his inheritance shall be his sons' for them.

(Ezekiel 46:18) Moreover the prince shall not take of the people's inheritance by oppression, to thrust them out of their possession; but he shall give his sons inheritance out of his own possession: that my people be not scattered every man from his possession.

The prince has sons. This verse doesn't mention that the prince dies nor that there is more than one person who is this prince. The sons of the prince are the sons of David when he lived on this earth.

The resurrected David is the prince who will rule over Israel for ever.


Water and River

(Ezekiel 47:1) Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house stood toward the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south side of the altar.

(Ezekiel 47:2) Then brought he me out of the way of the gate northward, and led me about the way without unto the utter gate by the way that looketh eastward; and, behold, there ran out waters on the right side.

In the new heavens and new earth healing waters will flow from the altar of the temple.

(Ezekiel 47:7) Now when I had returned, behold, at the bank of the river were very many trees on the one side and on the other.

(Ezekiel 47:8) Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: which being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed.

(Ezekiel 47:9) And it shall come to pass, that every thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live: and there shall be a very great multitude of fish, because these waters shall come thither: for they shall be healed; and every thing shall live whither the river cometh.

Healing trees.

(Ezekiel 47:10) And it shall come to pass, that the fishers shall stand upon it from Engedi even unto Eneglaim; they shall be a place to spread forth nets; their fish shall be according to their kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding many.

People will fish in the new heavens and new earth. They will not need the nourishment and it will not harm the fish.

(Ezekiel 47:11) But the miry places thereof and the marishes thereof shall not be healed; they shall be given to salt.

There will be salty marshes in the new heavens and new earth.

(Ezekiel 47:12) And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow all trees for meat, whose leaf shall not fade, neither shall the fruit thereof be consumed: it shall bring forth new fruit according to his months, because their waters they issued out of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine.

These trees are for food and for healing. No matter how often the fruit and leaves are picked off there will always be an abundance more as at the wedding of Cana.

(Ezekiel 47:22) And it shall come to pass, that ye shall divide it by lot for an inheritance unto you, and to the strangers that sojourn among you, which shall beget children among you: and they shall be unto you as born in the country among the children of Israel; they shall have inheritance with you among the tribes of Israel.

(Ezekiel 47:23) And it shall come to pass, that in what tribe the stranger sojourneth, there shall ye give him his inheritance, saith the Lord GOD.

Those who were not Jewish but who lived with the Jews on this earth will have rights to live as Jews in the new heavens and new earth.


Luke 

(Luke 9:27) But I tell you of a truth, there be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the kingdom of God.

It seems odd that Jesus mentioned that some of the disciples will still be alive when the kingdom of God begins. This makes it sound like the kingdom of God didn't begin for several decades. Full preterists say that the kingdom of God began in 70 A.D. — but I reject full preterism.

Some say that the phrase "kingdom of God" refers to Jesus' resurrection which occurred shortly after this verse, within a couple of years. But this doesn't fit very well because his reference that "some would not taste death" makes it seem that many had died before then but this wasn't the case.

Perhaps Jesus was referring to those who saw him after his resurrection:

(1 Corinthians 15:6) After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

Perhaps Jesus was referring to those who rose from the dead after his resurrection:

(Matthew 27:52) And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,

(Matthew 27:53) And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.

Immediately before this verse Jesus had miraculously fed the 5,000 and afterwards Jesus asked his disciples who people said he was.

This verse raises the question of what Jesus meant by the phrase "kingdom of God". He was likely not referring to each person's death because he states that some will see the kingdom of God before they die.

Jesus had just spoken about his upcoming death and the proper reaction of the disciples (take up their cross daily, don't be ashamed of Jesus). Perhaps the death Jesus was referring to was his own death on the cross — some would see the kingdom of God before then.

Eight days later Jesus took Peter, John and James up the mountain where they witnessed the transfiguration. This event matches the verse because only some of the disciples witnessed it. Therefore, at the transfiguration some of them saw the kingdom of God when they witnessed Jesus in his glory.

Therefore the kingdom of God begins at various times: (1) when John the baptist preached the gospel (Matthew 11:12), (2) when Jesus began his ministry, (3) the transfiguration (Luke 9:27), (4) the resurrection of Jesus, and finally (5) at the second coming of Christ.

I've wondered if this verse means the same as John 21:23. Perhaps that verse refers to John's visions in the book of Revelation in which he saw the second coming of Christ. But he was the only one who had those visions and all the other apostles had already died when he had them.


(Luke 10:18) And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.

Satan fell to earth when Jesus began his public ministry. This corresponds to the beginning of the 1,000 years.


(Luke 21:5) And as some spake of the temple, how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts, he said,

They had been observing people giving their offerings at the temple. Perhaps this comment was meant to counter Jesus' comment that the widow woman gave more than the others; that the temple would not be so fancy without the larger gifts of the rich people.

(Luke 21:6) As for these things which ye behold, the days will come, in the which there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.

See Matthew 24:2.

(Luke 21:7) And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? and what sign will there be when these things shall come to pass?

In Matthew 24:3 the disciples ask three questions. One is the same as Luke's account: "When shall these things be?" But Luke's account has a second question which frames the passage differently: "What sign will there be when these things shall come to pass?" We should refer to that question in the passages in Matthew.

(Luke 21:8) And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and the time draweth near: go ye not therefore after them.

See Matthew 24:5 and Matthew 24:24

(Luke 21:9) But when ye shall hear of wars and commotions, be not terrified: for these things must first come to pass; but the end is not by and by.

(Luke 21:10) Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom:

(Luke 21:11) And great earthquakes shall be in divers places, and famines, and pestilences; and fearful sights and great signs shall there be from heaven.

(Luke 21:12) But before all these, they shall lay their hands on you, and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues, and into prisons, being brought before kings and rulers for my name's sake.

(Luke 21:13) And it shall turn to you for a testimony.

(Luke 21:14) Settle it therefore in your hearts, not to meditate before what ye shall answer:

(Luke 21:15) For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.

(Luke 21:16) And ye shall be betrayed both by parents, and brethren, and kinsfolks, and friends; and some of you shall they cause to be put to death.

(Luke 21:17) And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake.

(Luke 21:18) But there shall not an hair of your head perish.

(Luke 21:19) In your patience possess ye your souls.

(Luke 21:20) And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.

(Luke 21:21) Then let them which are in Judaea flee to the mountains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart out; and let not them that are in the countries enter thereinto.

(Luke 21:22) For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.

(Luke 21:23) But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people.

Refers to the Jews in Jerusalem who are caught up in the Roman invasion.

(Luke 21:24) And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.

Many people were spared and became slaves but over a million were killed. The Romans ruled over Israel after this.

The Times of the Gentiles began with the Babylonian captivity and ended with the final judgment of the nation of Israel by the Romans in 70 A.D.

Perhaps there will be a time in the future in which the Jews again control the land of Israel.

(Luke 21:25) And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;

(Luke 21:26) Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.

(Luke 21:27) And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.

There is a sense in which Jesus came during the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D.

(Luke 21:28) And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption draweth nigh.

Refer to Matthew 24:33

(Luke 21:29) And he spake to them a parable; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;

There is a shift in the context.

(Luke 21:30) When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your own selves that summer is now nigh at hand.

(Luke 21:31) So likewise ye, when ye see these things come to pass, know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh at hand.

See Luke 9:27 for a similar idea. Refer to Matthew 24:33

The Kingdom of God is "at hand".

(Luke 21:32) Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass away, till all be fulfilled.

See Luke 9:27 for a similar idea. Refer to Matthew 24:34

(Luke 21:33) Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.

(Luke 21:34) And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life, and so that day come upon you unawares.

(Luke 21:35) For as a snare shall it come on all them that dwell on the face of the whole earth.

(Luke 21:36) Watch ye therefore, and pray always, that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son of man.


1 Thessalonians 

(1 Thessalonians 1:10) And to wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come.

Paul emphasizes the second coming of Christ in both his letters to the Thessalonians.

Christians are delivered from God's wrath, meaning, God's final judgment on the wicked. There is no good reason to think he is referring to a time of tribulation.

(1 Thessalonians 2:12) That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory.

Christians are called to be members of God's kingdom. The ultimate expression of this kingdom is the new heavens and new earth.

(1 Thessalonians 2:14) For ye, brethren, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews:

It is important to understand that the Christians in Thessalonica were aware of the conditions of the Christians in Jerusalem. Just as the Jewish Christians suffered persecution from other Jews, the Gentile Christians suffered persecution from other Gentiles. But these letters were written before the extreme persecution from the Romans began with Nero.

It is a common theme in the book of Revelation that wicked people are punished with God's wrath for their wicked deeds. Even the souls of the martyrs under the altar pray that God will avenge them (Revelation 6:10).

(1 Thessalonians 2:15) Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:

It is clear that Paul is referring to non-Christian Jews. These also persecuted Paul and the other apostles.

(1 Thessalonians 2:16) Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.

Because of their wickedness and active rejection of the gospel, they will ultimately be punished.

How are we to understand the phrase "the wrath has come upon them at last?" Perhaps he is referring to the violence which is occurring in Jerusalem as Jewish revolutionaries attempt to overthrow the Romans. The word wrath is often used to refer to judgment so whatever it is that Paul is referring to he considers a judgment from God for their opposition of the gospel and of Jesus.

It seems odd that Paul would gloat over other people's suffering and troubles even if they are wicked. Perhaps his emphasis is that his opponents are no longer effective in opposing the gospel because they are distracted by their own troubles.

(1 Thessalonians 2:19) For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?

Paul looks forward to that day in which Christ returns. That time will be the fulfillment of the blessings of God's plan of salvation.

Paul's wording implies that he thinks the second coming of Christ will occur very soon. It is for this reason that the Full Preterists teach that Christ's second coming occurred in 70 A.D. I reject Full Preterism. Read more.

(1 Thessalonians 3:3) That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto.

(1 Thessalonians 3:4) For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know.

(1 Thessalonians 3:5) For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.

These Christians were undergoing trials and persecution. Christians are to remain firm in the faith even when tempted to abandon it.

In future generations the topic of what to do with Christians who renounced their faith under persecution absorbs and splits the Church.

The word "faith" refers to being a Christian, not to some spiritual power as the word-faith/health-wealth teachers falsely claim.

(1 Thessalonians 3:7) Therefore, brethren, we were comforted over you in all our affliction and distress by your faith:

Paul was comforted in his trials in knowing that the Christians in Thessalonica had remained strong in the Christian faith.

(1 Thessalonians 3:13) To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.

Christians are judged for their works; they are judged by their holiness. It is wrong to think that our sins are merely covered overwhen we believe the gospel.

Judgment occurs at the second coming of Christ.

With all his saints — When Jesus comes to earth he brings with him all the redeemed souls that have been patiently waiting in the spiritual realm.

(1 Thessalonians 4:3) For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication:

Paul is referring to a decree of the Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15).


(1 Thessalonians 4:13) But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.

This section addresses what becomes of Christians who have died. Those who don't believe in the prospect of eternal life have no hope in this life and there is no eternal purpose in this life.

(1 Thessalonians 4:14) For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him.

Christians who have died before Christ's second coming will rise again and come back to earth with Jesus.

Ultimately, Christians who have died will receive a resurrected body and inhabit the new heavens and new earth. I don't believe they are resurrected until after the great white throne judgment.

The souls of these who come with Christ don't actually enter into this physical world, they merely hover at the boundary between the spiritual world and the physical world and observe Christ's activities on the earth.

(1 Thessalonians 4:15) For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep.

The souls of Christians who have died before the second coming of Christ will come with Christ as he returns to earth. Meanwhile, Christians who are alive and living on the earth at the time will not experience any change until after the preliminary events of the second coming. Finally they will be called up into the spiritual realm much as Elijah was.

(1 Thessalonians 4:16) For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

The word "rise" in this verse does not refer to bodily resurrection nor to going "up." It has a similar meaning to the word "live" in Revelation 20:4,5.

At his second coming Christ will gather the souls of the redeemed and bring them with him. In this sense they are "rising" because they move into a spiritual state more directly closer to Christ and his activities.

There are various levels within the spiritual realm. For example, the wicked spirit beings reside in a lower spiritual realm while the angels reside in the highest heaven.

(1 Thessalonians 4:17) Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

Notice that those who are alive on the earth at the second coming of Christ will first "remain." When Christ comes they first remain as they are in their physical bodies. After that they will be caught up with Christ in the air just as Elijah was.

Once this occurs all the redeemed will be with Christ forever.

(1 Thessalonians 4:18) Wherefore comfort one another with these words.

It is comforting to know that all is not lost when we die and that we have a glorious future.

(1 Thessalonians 5:1) But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you.

(1 Thessalonians 5:2) For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night.

No one knows when the second coming of Christ will occur. Paul admits that he doesn't know but he seems to assume that it will be soon, within a generation.

(1 Thessalonians 5:3) For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape.

The second coming does not occur as the final period of a horrible global war, a Great Tribulation. It can occur at any time.

However, Christ's second coming seems to trigger a war as those who oppose him gather together in battle against him. The second coming seems to be a series of events taking a period of time, not merely a single instantaneous event.

(1 Thessalonians 5:4) But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.

Christians will be ready because they are alert in the practice of their faith. Those who are living a wicked lifestyle will be caught off guard and may not have a chance to repent.

(1 Thessalonians 5:6) Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober.

Here the word "sleep" refers to living a wicked life, unprepared for Christ when he returns (or for their own death, for that matter).

(1 Thessalonians 5:9) For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

God desires that everyone be saved. He does not wish to damn anyone to eternity in hell.

(1 Thessalonians 5:10) Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him.

Paul again reminds his readers that all devout Christians will be redeemed, even those who have died.

(1 Thessalonians 5:23) And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Paul again implies that he believes that Christ will return while his readers are still alive.


2 Thessalonians 

(2 Thessalonians 1:4) So that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your patience and faith in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure:

As in the book of 1 Thessalonians, Paul remarks on the fact that these Christians are enduring persecution. But these letters were written before the persecution of Nero.

(2 Thessalonians 1:5) Which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer:

We are judged by our works.

(2 Thessalonians 1:6) Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you;

Apparently were are to consider it a good thing when God judges the guilty.

(2 Thessalonians 1:7) And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels,

The angels will also come with Christ at his second coming.

(2 Thessalonians 1:8) In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

It seems that Christ will engage in some sort of war on the earth before he actually enters this physical world. There are many places in the Bible in which angels perform activities on the earth on God's behalf.

The image of fire is associated with judgment. I propose that this fire is a literal fire; not a physical fire but a spiritual fire.

(2 Thessalonians 1:9) Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

Those who don't obey the gospel are damned to hell for eternity. It is not enough to merely believe the gospel, there must be obedience and good works.

(2 Thessalonians 1:10) When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.

Jesus will be glorified when he provides a resurrected body for us in the new heavens and new earth.


(2 Thessalonians 2:1) Now we beseech you, brethren, by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him,

Christians will be gathered to Christ at his second coming.

(2 Thessalonians 2:2) That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand.

Someone brought a false teaching in Paul's name to the Christians at Thessalonica which greatly troubled them. Paul doesn't elaborate on the details of this false teaching. Some possibilities:

It's hard to imagine how they could have been fooled.

Those who teach the false teaching of the rapture use this verse for support but it doesn't fit. Notice that the people did not notice that the second coming occurred; someone had to tell them that it had. But according to the rapture view, at the time of the rapture everyone will notice because all the Christians will disappear.

The phrase "at hand" in this verse means "now".

(2 Thessalonians 2:3) Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition [destruction];

The following events must occur before the second coming of Christ:

Paul knew that the temple would be destroyed. (Matthew 24)

There were many Jewish revolutionaries at the time in Jerusalem; apparently one of them provoked the war with the Romans. This was the man of lawlessness.

(2 Thessalonians 2:4) Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.

The man of lawlessness will demand to be worshipped.

I see no reason to assume the temple referred to is something other than a literal Jewish temple.

Certain Roman Emperors went into the Jewish temple and set up some sort of altar to themselves.

(2 Thessalonians 2:5) Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?

Paul had explained all of this to them but they forgot under the influence of the false prophets and heretics who were teaching them.

(2 Thessalonians 2:6) And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time.

(2 Thessalonians 2:7) For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way.

The true nature of the Jewish messianic revolutionaries is not apparent at first. The mystery of iniquity has a grip on the people of that day and blinds them to the work of the powers of darkness (Satan, the "he" who is taken out of the way). These powers operate freely in the man of lawlessness.

This mystery of iniquity was already in operation to some extent in Paul's day.

(2 Thessalonians 2:8) And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:

The man of lawlessness was a wicked man who will ultimately be destroyed and damned to hell for eternity.

This verse does not imply that the second coming of Christ comes immediately after the man of lawlessness died. Christ, at his second coming, destroys all the wicked people; those who have previously died and those who are still alive.

(2 Thessalonians 2:9) Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders,

Satan works in the spiritual realm to bring about the conditions necessary for all the bad things that happen.

(2 Thessalonians 2:10) And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.

Satan is working in the souls of those who do not receive salvation.

Loving the truth is a gift of God. People who reject God's prompting will not receive the truth of salvation and of living a holy life pleasing to God.

(2 Thessalonians 2:11) And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:

Those who are damned to eternity in hell are deluded.

Some make a big case over whether it should read "a lie" or "the lie." I don't see this as an issue. In either case it is referring to the false message which ultimately leads those who believe it to eternal damnation in hell.

This verse raises the question of whether or not God actually tempts people (read more).

(2 Thessalonians 2:12) That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

Two conditions for being damned for eternity to hell:

(2 Thessalonians 2:13) But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth:

The righteous are chosen by God (read more).

(2 Thessalonians 2:16) Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given us everlasting consolation and good hope through grace,

The prospect of spending eternity in the new heavens and new earth should be a source of comfort and encouragment for those who are redeemed.


1 Corinthians 15 

(1 Corinthians 15:8) And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

Jesus appeared to Paul after his ascension into heaven.

(1 Corinthians 15:12) Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?

(1 Corinthians 15:13) But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:

The Sadducees taught this. Presumably some Christians were influenced by this,

(1 Corinthians 15:14) And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

(1 Corinthians 15:15) Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

(1 Corinthians 15:16) For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

(1 Corinthians 15:17) And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.

The doctrine of the resurrection of Christ is a foundation of Christianity.

(1 Corinthians 15:18) Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.

(1 Corinthians 15:19) If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.

One important goal of Christians is to spend eternity with Christ in the afterlife.


(1 Corinthians 15:20) But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

Paul changes the subject but continues with this topic in verse 29. Just as Christ rose from the dead, so will we.

(1 Corinthians 15:21) For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

(1 Corinthians 15:22) For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

Christ reverses the judgment on humans as a result of Adam's fall.

(1 Corinthians 15:23) But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.

We are resurrected at the second coming of Christ. Only those who are in Christ will be resurrected.

(1 Corinthians 15:24) Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.

The new heavens and new earth will come to be after the second coming of Christ. This is what is referred to when Christ delivers up the kingdom to God the Father.

The kingdom exists now.

(1 Corinthians 15:25) For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

Christ reigns from heaven. In this current world there are enemies of Christ and of us. At the second coming Christ will vanquish his enemies. They will be judged and cast into the lake of fire.

(1 Corinthians 15:26) The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

Physical death is the separation of the body and soul. After the resurrection this will no longer occur.

Spiritual death is the separation from God. After the resurrection this will no longer occur.

(1 Corinthians 15:27) For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

(1 Corinthians 15:28) And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

Christ is the ruler of everything and everyone with the exception of God the Father who gave Christ this power.

Verses such as these have been used to support Arianism based on the interpretation that if God gave Jesus his powers then only God is the one God and Jesus is merely a created being. Ultimately the church rejected Arianism but they could not do it by using the Bible.


(1 Corinthians 15:29) Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?

Paul returns to his flow of ideas in verse 19.

Paul refers to the practice of Christians who performed baptism ceremonies for those who had died to demonstrate that some Christians also believe in life after death; in resurrection. Two important points:

It is significant that Paul does not mention that their practice of baptism for the dead is wrong. If it were wrong to do this we should have expected Paul to mention it; he doesn't usually let things go unstated but often interrupts his flow of ideas to mention related topics. The fact that he didn't mention it implies that he had no objection to the practice or to the underlying doctrines involved with the practice.

(1 Corinthians 15:30) And why stand we in jeopardy every hour?

(1 Corinthians 15:31) I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily.

(1 Corinthians 15:32) If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die.

Live has meaning and value because of our future prospect of life after death. This hope gives us the strength and endurance to endure the hardships and sufferings of life.

(1 Corinthians 15:33) Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.

Doctrines do matter because they affect our behavior.

(1 Corinthians 15:34) Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.

Some Christians who don't believe in life after death have no reason to avoid sin.


(1 Corinthians 15:35) But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come?

Paul addresses some questions. Apparently these question come from people who mock the doctrine of resurrection and use their objections to prove to themselves that there is no such thing as resurrection.

(1 Corinthians 15:36) Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die:

(1 Corinthians 15:37) And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain:

(1 Corinthians 15:38) But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.

Paul gives an example of the destruction of one kind of object (a seed) causing the appearance of another kind of object (a plant).

(1 Corinthians 15:39) All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.

There are many kinds of physical bodies.

(1 Corinthians 15:40) There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.

There are both spiritual bodies and physical bodies.

(1 Corinthians 15:41) There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory.

Even physical objects have bodies in the sense that they have a physical form.

(1 Corinthians 15:42) So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:

(1 Corinthians 15:43) It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:

Before the resurrection the body has a form which changes during the resurrection. During earthly life the body is corrupt; after the resurrection it is incorrupt.

(1 Corinthians 15:44) It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.

The natural body is the physical body. After death the soul rises into a higher spiritual realm with a spiritual body.


Adam vs. Jesus

Paul contrasts various words and phrases:

(1 Corinthians 15:45) And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

Paul mentions that this is written somewhere and he refers to this writing as if it had some authority. But this writing is not part of the New Testament. Thus, we should expect that other writings contain truth. We should not expect that the New Testament contains every truth; there are some topics which are important but are not addressed in the New Testament. Examples are: the practices of church service, the practice of the Eucharist, the rite of baptism, the structure of church leadership and the relationship of leaders of churches, etc.

Paul refers to the soul of both Adam and Jesus.

(1 Corinthians 15:46) Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.

Adam is referred to by the word natural, and Jesus is referred to by the word spiritual. Adam lived on earth in a physical body before Jesus did.

(1 Corinthians 15:47) The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.

Adam's soul is associated with this earth; even after he died his soul remained in a spiritual realm below the highest heaven (as do the souls of all of us when we die).

On the other hand, Christ's soul is from heaven because Christ is deity. This does not imply that he did not have a human soul but only a divine soul. Several heresies (Apollinarianism, Docetism, and Monophysitism) of the early church were based on this notion.

(1 Corinthians 15:48) As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly.

(1 Corinthians 15:49) And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

We will become like Christ.

(1 Corinthians 15:50) Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

The phrase flesh and blood refers to the unresurrected body. The phrase kingdom of God refers to the new heavens and new earth. In the new heavens and new earth we will be free from sin.


(1 Corinthians 15:51) Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

Those who are alive on the earth at the time of the second coming of Christ will not die; they will be resurrected directly from their living state. Those who died during all the previous ages of human history will be resurrected at the same time.

(1 Corinthians 15:52) In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

Paul is referring the bodily resurrection which occurs at the second coming of Christ. Some parallel passages:

(1 Thessalonians 4:15) For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent [precede] them which are asleep.

(1 Thessalonians 4:16) For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

(1 Thessalonians 4:17) Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.

There will be Christians living on the earth at Christ's second coming.

This description gives the impression that Jesus descends out of the highest heaven into a lower spiritual region in which those who have died reside.

Apparently we will all float into the air immediately after the resurrection. This is what Christ did at the ascension when he went to sit at the right hand of the Father in heaven. Possibly we are going into heaven at this time for the great white throne judgment.

(Matthew 24:31) And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

This description gives the impression that Jesus descends out of the highest heaven into a lower spiritual region in which those who have died reside.

(1 Corinthians 15:53) For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

(1 Corinthians 15:54) So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.

Our current physical bodies are imperfect; they are tainted by sin and they physically die. In the new heavens and new earth we will not die nor will we be tainted by sin.

(1 Corinthians 15:55) O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?

(1 Corinthians 15:56) The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.

Paul refers to the law. This is a subject he discussed at length in the book of Romans.

(1 Corinthians 15:58) Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

Our work and activities here on earth are not for nothing. I think Paul is referring to more than just whether or not we end up redeemed; I suspect he means that we will continue with our unfinished activities in the new heavens and new earth.


Other

(Genesis 3:14) And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

(Genesis 3:15) And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

(1 Timothy 4:1) Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils;

(1 Timothy 4:2) Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

(1 Timothy 4:3) Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth.

(1 Timothy 4:4) For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving:

(1 Timothy 4:5) For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

(2 Timothy 4:1) I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom;

(2 Timothy 4:2) Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine.

(2 Timothy 4:3) For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;

(2 Timothy 4:4) And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.

-->

(John 21:22) Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.

(John 21:23) Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?

John saw the second coming of Christ in his visions which he recorded in the book of Revelation. He was the only one who had those visions and all the other apostles had already died when he had them.


1 Peter

Various themes:


(1 Peter 1:3) Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

We are born again because of the resurrection of Jesus. A benefit of being born again is that we will also be resurrected some day just as Jesus was.

(1 Peter 1:4) To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,

Our eternal inheritance is in heaven but includes the new heavens and new earth. Our souls will always live in heaven, but once we receive our resurrected bodies, these will live in the new heavens and new earth. Thus it is proper to state that we will spend eternity in heaven (our souls) and in the new heavens and new earth (our bodies).

(1 Peter 1:5) Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

Peter is speaking to Christians who have not yet received the ultimate manifestation of their salvation because it was not yet the "last time". In verse 20 Peter uses the phrase "last times" to refer to the time of Christ.

Our ultimate salvation occurs at the second coming of Christ.

(1 Peter 1:6) Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

Life in this present world is "heavy"; we are bogged-down by sin, trials, and temptation.

(1 Peter 1:7) That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:

Those who succeed in the perseverance of faith while in this life will receive a glorious blessing at the second coming of Jesus. Peter is not saying that there is no blessing before this; in fact, each believer receives a great blessing at their death. But the final manifestation of God's gift to us must await Christ's second coming in which he ushers in the new heavens and new earth.

(1 Peter 1:10) Of which salvation the prophets have inquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:

Even the Old Testament prophets prophesied about the coming of Christ.

(1 Peter 1:11) Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.

(1 Peter 1:12) Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

Christ's spirit worked in the Old Testament prophets. These prophets spoke of the sufferings of Christ (for example, Isaiah 53) and of the new heavens and new earth (Isaiah 65:17-25). Notice that there is a "gap" between Christ's suffering and our receiving of the final blessing.

These Old Testaments prophets spoke of the gospel for our benefit; they were not able to participate in it directly because they died before the incarnation of Christ.

(1 Peter 1:13) Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;

The word "end" refers to the death of each believer. We are to remain faithful to Christ for our entire lives. This does not mean that Christ will return before the death of the believers still living at the time Peter wrote this letter. For more ...

(1 Peter 1:17) And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:

Our lives while on this earth should be guided by our concern for what will one day occur at the great white throne judgment.

(1 Peter 1:20) Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,

The term "last times" refers to the time of Jesus. In verse 5 Peter uses the phrase "last time" to refer to the second coming of Christ.

(1 Peter 1:21) Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

Because God raised Jesus from the dead we can have hope that he will raise us also.

(1 Peter 1:24) For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:

These bodies of sin will one day be gone.

(1 Peter 2:12) Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation.

The "day of visitation" was yet-future at the time Peter wrote this letter. In fact, it is still future; this refers to the second coming of Christ. When Christ comes to judge everyone, the wicked people who rejected the gospel will be witnesses of the holy lives of the Christians. Thus, even those who will be damned to eternity in hell will favorably judge the redeemed who will end up in the new heavens and new earth. At the great white throne judgment the truth will prevail.

(1 Peter 3:12) For the eyes of the Lord are over the righteous, and his ears are open unto their prayers: but the face of the Lord is against them that do evil.

Peter is discussing those who live virtuously.

(1 Peter 3:13) And who is he that will harm you, if ye be followers of that which is good?

(1 Peter 3:14) But and if ye suffer for righteousness' sake, happy are ye: and be not afraid of their terror, neither be troubled;

Even though we may be harmed while in this life for our righteousness, we will ultimately triumph.

(1 Peter 3:16) Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evildoers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ.

All who do evil will be ashamed during the final judgment. We are to live our lives in such a way that we will not be ashamed of what we have done and said at the final judgment.

(1 Peter 3:19) By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;

(1 Peter 3:20) Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water.

After Jesus died but before his resurrection he preached to spirits (souls) in prison. These souls are those who disobeyed God and rejected Noah's preaching. We might wonder why Jesus would bother to preach to those who are not redeemed; we usually think that preaching is for the purpose of exhorting people to repent and receive redemption. Perhaps as they were drowning they remembered Noah's prophecy of a great flood and their last act was to accept his message of redemption.

I suppose those believers of all ages who died before the time of the incarnation of Christ would be greatly comforted to hear about God's plan of redemption. We might wonder why they did not learn of it upon their death. Apparently God did not reveal all the glorious details of redemption to them until after Jesus paid the price for their redemption. Thus, those disembodied souls in the spiritual realms still experience time — time exists in the spiritual realm. The common teaching is that there is no time in heaven but we see that this is not the case. In fact, there is no such thing as physical time: time is a spiritual phenomena, not an aspect of the physical universe. For more ...

(1 Peter 3:22) Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.

Jesus is currently in heaven where he is now ruling and reigning over the spirit beings. Certainly as deity he always ruled and reigned over them but he took on a new role after the incarnation and the resurrection. I suspect that it was not Jesus that changed but that these spirit beings were constrained in some manner. Revelation 20 speaks of this. Presumably if Satan is bound all the other wicked spirit beings were also bound.

(1 Peter 4:7) But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.

The typical interpretation of the phrase "at hand" is that it refers to the future, but it can mean "now" as the following verse (2 Timothy 4:6) shows. All that is needed in order to possess something that is at hand is to reach out and grasp it; there is no need to wait for some future time for it to appear.

(2 Timothy 4:6) For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.

See also 1 John 2:18

(1 Peter 4:10) As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.

(1 Peter 4:12) Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:

(1 Peter 4:13) But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.

(1 Peter 4:16) Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.

(1 Peter 4:17) For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?

(1 Peter 4:18) And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?

(1 Peter 5:1) The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed:

(1 Peter 5:2) Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

(1 Peter 5:3) Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.

(1 Peter 5:4) And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.

(1 Peter 5:6) Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time:

(1 Peter 5:8) Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

(1 Peter 5:9) Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.

(1 Peter 5:10) But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.


Hebrews 

(Hebrews 10:25) Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.

(Hebrews 10:26) For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,

(Hebrews 10:27) But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.

(Hebrews 10:28) He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

(Hebrews 10:29) Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?

(Hebrews 10:30) For we know him that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge his people.

(Hebrews 10:31) It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

(Hebrews 10:32) But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions;

(Hebrews 10:33) Partly, whilst ye were made a gazingstock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used.

(Hebrews 10:34) For ye had compassion of me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance.

(Hebrews 10:35) Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompense of reward.

(Hebrews 10:36) For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.

(Hebrews 10:37) For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.

(James 5:7) Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.

(James 5:8) Be ye also patient; stablish your hearts: for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.

(James 5:9) Grudge not one against another, brethren, lest ye be condemned: behold, the judge standeth before the door.


(Romans 13:12) The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.

In this verse the phrase "at hand" means that the Lord is present as judge.

(Romans 16:20) And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.

(1 Corinthians 1:7) So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ:

(1 Corinthians 1:8) Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.

(1 Corinthians 7:29) But this I say, brethren, the time is short: it remaineth, that both they that have wives be as though they had none;

(Ephesians 5:5) For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

(Ephesians 5:6) Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.

(John 3:36) He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.

(Romans 2:5) But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;

(Zephaniah 3:8) Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy.

(Zephaniah 1:18) Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.

(Isaiah 26:19) Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.

(Isaiah 26:20) Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast.

(Joel 2:10) The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:

(Joel 2:18) Then will the LORD be jealous for his land, and pity his people.

(Joel 2:19) Yea, the LORD will answer and say unto his people, Behold, I will send you corn, and wine, and oil, and ye shall be satisfied therewith: and I will no more make you a reproach among the heathen:

(Joel 2:20) But I will remove far off from you the northern army, and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.

(Joel 2:21) Fear not, O land; be glad and rejoice: for the LORD will do great things.

(Joel 2:22) Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth her fruit, the fig tree and the vine do yield their strength.

(Joel 2:23) Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month.

(Joel 2:24) And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the vats shall overflow with wine and oil.

(Joel 2:25) And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpillar, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you.

(Joel 2:26) And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.

(Joel 2:27) And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.

(Acts 2:17) And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:

(Acts 2:18) And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy:

(Acts 2:19) And I will show wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke:

(Acts 2:20) The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the Lord come:

(Acts 2:21) And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.

(Joel 2:28) And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

(Joel 2:29) And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

(Joel 2:30) And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.

(Joel 2:31) The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

(Joel 2:32) And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.

(Galatians 3:16) Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.

(2 Corinthians 6:16) And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

(Romans 9:25) As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved.

(Acts 13:47) For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.

(Acts 13:34) And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David.

(Acts 15:16) After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up:

(Acts 15:17) That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things.

(Romans 11:26) And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:

(Romans 11:27) For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

(Ephesians 2:11) Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands;

(Ephesians 2:12) That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

(Ephesians 2:13) But now in Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far off are made nigh by the blood of Christ.


(1 John 2:18) Little children, it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time.

According to John it was already the last time when he wrote this letter. Therefore, it is still the last time and has been for 2,000 years.

John refers to a person who he calls "Antichrist" and seems to assume this person would appear in the future, probably the near future. But he adds to this in stating that there would be many Antichrists and that there already were many Antichrists at the time he wrote this letter; that anyone who teaches a certain false view is an Antichrist. However, he doesn't deny there will be a future Antichrist perhaps referring to the persecution and martyrdom of Christians by the Roman Emperors.

See also 1 Peter 4:7

(1 John 2:19) They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out, that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.

Those who taught this often claimed to be Christian but John identifies them as Antichrists". These were Christians who apostatized or began teaching false doctrines about the nature of Christ.

(1 John 2:20) But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.

(1 John 2:21) I have not written unto you because ye know not the truth, but because ye know it, and that no lie is of the truth.

(1 John 2:22) Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.

Perhaps John is referring to certain of the heretical views that were being taught by people who considered themselves teachers in the Church. If John considers Christians who teach false doctrines as Antichrists then perhaps we should reject Church leaders who teach false doctrines as being usurpers; as not being leaders of the Church after all.

Notice that the false views in question concern Christ, his nature, and his relationship with God the Father.

(1 John 2:23) Whosoever denieth the Son, the same hath not the Father: (but) he that acknowledgeth the Son hath the Father also.


(1 John 4:3) And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.

(2 John 1:7) For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an antichrist.

Those who taught this often claimed to be Christian but John identifies them as Antichrist. There heresy of the Ebionites fits this verse.


(Jude 6) And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.

Spirit beings possessed the bodies of humans. Angels are not supposed to do this but apparently have this capability.

(Jude 7) Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.

There is a natural order which we are to follow.

(Genesis 6:2) That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

Apparently, those humans who were possessed in this way procreated and had offspring.

Note that the act of procreation in itself means that a couple is married.

(Genesis 6:4) There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.

Apparently, the children born of these unions had some genetic mutations. Perhaps the spirit beings were able to tamper with the genes in some way.

Satan was using this scheme to ensure that the Messiah could not appear to deliver humankind, or if there was a Messiah that he would be corrupted by this genetic engineering and would therefore be somehow subject to Satan's will.

(2 Peter 2:4) For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment;

These particular spirit beings are no longer free to roam the world deceiving humans. Presumably God will imprison others who might attempt the same thing.

(2 Peter 2:5) And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly;

Apparently, the defective humans needed to be destroyed by God.

(2 Peter 2:6) And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;

In these verses in both 2 Peter and Jude, the writer is using the examples of these wicked spirit beings and the sins of Sodom and Gomorrah as examples of false teachers who claim to be teaching the true faith but who are teaching lies.

(Jude 8) Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities.

Jude's purpose in writing this letter is to warn the people about imposters; people who claim to be Christian leaders but who teach false doctrines.

(Jude 14) And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,

(Jude 15) To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.

Enoch prophesied that Jesus would come with ten thousands (many x 10,000) at the second coming. Those who will be judged unfavorably:

(Hebrews 9:28) So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

(Isaiah 2:2) And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.

(Isaiah 2:3) And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 2:4) And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

(Hebrews 9:8) The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:

(Hebrews 9:9) Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

(Nehemiah 9:7) Thou art the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham;

(Nehemiah 9:8) And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou art righteous:

(Joshua 21:43) And the LORD gave unto Israel all the land which he sware to give unto their fathers; and they possessed it, and dwelt therein.

(Joshua 21:44) And the LORD gave them rest round about, according to all that he sware unto their fathers: and there stood not a man of all their enemies before them; the LORD delivered all their enemies into their hand.

(Joshua 21:45) There failed not ought of any good thing which the LORD had spoken unto the house of Israel; all came to pass.

(Deuteronomy 8:18) But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day.

(Deuteronomy 8:19) And it shall be, if thou do at all forget the LORD thy God, and walk after other gods, and serve them, and worship them, I testify against you this day that ye shall surely perish.

(Deuteronomy 8:20) As the nations which the LORD destroyeth before your face, so shall ye perish; because ye would not be obedient unto the voice of the LORD your God.

(Colossians 2:17) Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

(Hebrews 8:1) Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;

(Hebrews 8:2) A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.

(Hebrews 8:3) For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.

(Hebrews 8:4) For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:

(Hebrews 8:5) Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount.

(Hebrews 10:1) For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

(Galatians 3:7) Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

(Acts 13:34) And as concerning that he raised him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, he said on this wise, I will give you the sure mercies of David.

(1 Corinthians 10:11) Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.


(Jeremiah 31:31) Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Notice that this new covenant is with Israel. Those who reject this interpretation are not interpreting the Bible literally. Some possibilities of who will partake of this covenant:

Christians often interpret this new covenant to refer to the church but this can only be done if we accept the formula the Church = Israel. Many who interpret the new covenant as referring to the church would reject this formula.

(Jeremiah 31:32) Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:

(Jeremiah 31:33) But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

There will still be a law but it will reside within the conscience. (The conscience must be properly formed to contain the proper moral codes.)

(Jeremiah 31:34) And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the LORD: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.

Those in this new covenant will have their sins forgiven. Certainly this applies to true Christians.

Perhaps this condition of people living in the new covenant is true in the church in an idealized perspective but it is certainly not true in general. Therefore, the new covenant must ultimately refer to the new heavens and new earth.

(Jeremiah 31:35) Thus saith the LORD, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; The LORD of hosts is his name:

(Jeremiah 31:36) If those ordinances depart from before me, saith the LORD, then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever.

As long as the earth exists in its present form the covenant nation of Israel will exist. Thus, there will be a nation of Israel in the new heavens and new earth.


The following extended passage below from the book of Hebrewsquotes the entire passage above from Jeremiah regarding the new covenant. It emphasizes Christ's once-for-all sacrifice which supercedes the Old Testament sacrifices and the eternal glory that awaits us who receive the redemption through faith (Hebrews 11).

(Hebrews 8:13) In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

Notice that at the time Hebrews was written the old covenant had not yet ended. Perhaps this refers to the fact that the temple had not been destroyed and that the sacrificial system of Israel was still honored by God. If so, the supports the idea the there could again be a sacrificial system in the new heavens and new earth since there was one after Christ's sacrifice as this verse states.

(Hebrews 9:1) Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary.

(Hebrews 9:8) The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing:

(Hebrews 9:9) Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

(Hebrews 9:10) Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

(Hebrews 9:11) But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building;

(Hebrews 9:22) And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.

(Hebrews 9:23) It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Note that the word "sacrifices" is plural. This implies that the one sacrifice of Jesus is to be offered repeatedly as occurs in the Eucharist.

(Hebrews 9:24) For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

(Hebrews 9:26) For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

(Hebrews 9:27) And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

(Hebrews 9:28) So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

We finally receive our salvation at Christ's second coming.

(Hebrews 10:3) But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

(Hebrews 10:4) For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.

(Hebrews 10:5) Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:

(Hebrews 10:8) Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;

(Hebrews 10:9) Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.

(Hebrews 10:12) But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;

(Hebrews 10:13) From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

The time in which Jesus conquers all his enemies is yet-future. His rule and reign in this current world is limited to those who he has redeemed in faith.

(Hebrews 10:14) For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

(Hebrews 10:15) Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us: for after that he had said before,

(Hebrews 10:16) This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their minds will I write them;

(Hebrews 10:17) And their sins and iniquities will I remember no more.

(Hebrews 10:18) Now where remission of these is, there is no more offering for sin.

(Hebrews 10:19) Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus,

(Hebrews 10:20) By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;

(Hebrews 10:21) And having an high priest over the house of God;

Jesus is the high priest. We should expect him to perform ceremonial functions such as the Eucharist and the sacrament of baptism. Many Christians think of the priestly functions of Christ as being limited to his sacrificial death.

(Hebrews 10:22) Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.

Two priestly aspects to our salvation: the washing of our hearts by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit and the ceremonial washing of our bodies in baptism. Many Christians de-emphasize the significance of baptism.

(Hebrews 10:23) Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;)

(Hebrews 10:24) And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:

(Hebrews 10:25) Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching.

Full-preterists claim that the second coming of Christ occurred in 70 A.D. Certainly this verse supports full-preterism but I reject that view.

The recipients of this letter would soon see visible signs that the Romans would destroy the religious nation of Israel with its temple sacrifice. Those who were slowing falling away from the faith (as evidenced by their neglect of attending weekly church service) should remember that God judges sin harshly just as Israel was being judged for not living up to the commands of the law.

(Hebrews 10:26) For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins,

We can lose our salvation by sinning.

(Hebrews 10:27) But a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.

(Hebrews 10:28) He that despised Moses' law died without mercy under two or three witnesses:

(Hebrews 10:29) Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?

(Hebrews 10:36) For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.

The emphasis of this extended passage is in the new heavens and new earth. During this lifetime the Christian must be patient because the real glory of receiving salvation by Jesus' sacrifice is not yet manifest.

(Hebrews 10:37) For yet a little while, and he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.

The final glorious condition will not occur until the second coming of Christ.

Apparently our waiting for Christ's return will be much easier once we have died. The time of waiting while alive on earth requires patience but the time of waiting after we have died will not require patience. Thus, it is proper to say that Christ's coming will occur soon for all believers since all will die soon — since the lifespan is relatively short.

(Hosea 1:10) Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God.

(Hosea 1:11) Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.

(1 Peter 2:9) But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light:

(1 Peter 2:10) Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.


(2 Samuel 7:12) And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.

(2 Samuel 7:13) He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

(2 Samuel 7:14) I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

(2 Samuel 7:15) But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

(2 Samuel 7:16) And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

The ruling house of David will never end. Currently there is no ruler from the house of David, nor is there a line of David at all. In the new heavens and new earth David and his sons will again rule Israel.


(2 Chronicles 13:5) Ought ye not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingdom over Israel to David for ever, even to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt?

Ezekiel 37, 45, and 46 speaks of a prince who will rule over Israel. This prince has sons. Ezekiel 37:25 states that this prince has sons. David will literally rule over the nation of Israel in the new heavens and new earth.


(Zechariah 14:9) And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.

In the new heavens and new earth Jesus will be the king of the earth. Thus, the form of government will ultimately be enlightened absolutism. This form of government can only work is the ruler is holy and righteous. Jesus Christ will be a perfect ruler.

(Luke 1:31) And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.

(Luke 1:32) He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:

Jesus will rule over the world one day. This will occur in the new heavens and new earth.

(Luke 1:33) And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

(Luke 13:35) Behold, your house is left unto you desolate: and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until the time come when ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord.

(Acts 1:6) When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?

(Acts 1:7) And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power.

(Acts 1:8) But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

(Isaiah 24:23) Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.


(Isaiah 2:1) The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 2:2) And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lord's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.

(Isaiah 2:3) And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

(Isaiah 2:4) And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

This verse concerns the new heavens and new earth.

Even those who claim to interpret this passage literally usually interpret the word sword as referring to weapons of war in general. I suppose that might be true but I suspect that in the new heavens and new earth there will be people who literally practice blacksmithing.

(Isaiah 2:5) O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.

(Isaiah 24:2) And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.

(Isaiah 24:3) The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath spoken this word.

(Isaiah 24:4) The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish.

(Isaiah 24:5) The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.

(Isaiah 24:6) Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.

(Isaiah 24:7) The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.

(Isaiah 24:8) The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth.

(Isaiah 24:9) They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.

(Isaiah 24:10) The city of confusion is broken down: every house is shut up, that no man may come in.

(Isaiah 24:11) There is a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone.

(Isaiah 24:12) In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.

(Isaiah 24:13) When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.

(Isaiah 24:14) They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the majesty of the LORD, they shall cry aloud from the sea.

(Isaiah 24:15) Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.

(Isaiah 24:16) From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.

(Isaiah 24:17) Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth.

(Isaiah 24:18) And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.

(Isaiah 24:19) The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.

(Isaiah 24:20) The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

(Isaiah 24:21) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.

(Isaiah 24:22) And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.

(Isaiah 24:23) Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

(Isaiah 25:1) O LORD, thou art my God; I will exalt thee, I will praise thy name; for thou hast done wonderful things; thy counsels of old are faithfulness and truth.

(Isaiah 25:2) For thou hast made of a city an heap; of a defenced city a ruin: a palace of strangers to be no city; it shall never be built.

(Isaiah 25:3) Therefore shall the strong people glorify thee, the city of the terrible nations shall fear thee.

(Isaiah 25:4) For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.

(Isaiah 25:5) Thou shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a dry place; even the heat with the shadow of a cloud: the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low.

(Isaiah 25:6) And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.

(Isaiah 25:7) And he will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the veil that is spread over all nations.

(Isaiah 25:8) He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.

(Isaiah 25:9) And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the LORD; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.

(Isaiah 25:10) For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him, even as straw is trodden down for the dunghill.

(Isaiah 25:11) And he shall spread forth his hands in the midst of them, as he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands to swim: and he shall bring down their pride together with the spoils of their hands.

(Isaiah 25:12) And the fortress of the high fort of thy walls shall he bring down, lay low, and bring to the ground, even to the dust.

(Isaiah 26:1) In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah; We have a strong city; salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks.

(Isaiah 26:2) Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in.

(Isaiah 26:3) Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee.

(Isaiah 26:4) Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength:

(Isaiah 26:5) For he bringeth down them that dwell on high; the lofty city, he layeth it low; he layeth it low, even to the ground; he bringeth it even to the dust.

(Isaiah 26:6) The foot shall tread it down, even the feet of the poor, and the steps of the needy.

(Isaiah 26:7) The way of the just is uprightness: thou, most upright, dost weigh the path of the just.

(Isaiah 26:8) Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O LORD, have we waited for thee; the desire of our soul is to thy name, and to the remembrance of thee.

(Isaiah 26:9) With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.

(Isaiah 26:10) Let favour be showed to the wicked, yet will he not learn righteousness: in the land of uprightness will he deal unjustly, and will not behold the majesty of the LORD.

(Isaiah 26:11) LORD, when thy hand is lifted up, they will not see: but they shall see, and be ashamed for their envy at the people; yea, the fire of thine enemies shall devour them.

(Isaiah 26:12) LORD, thou wilt ordain peace for us: for thou also hast wrought all our works in us.

(Isaiah 26:13) O LORD our God, other lords beside thee have had dominion over us: but by thee only will we make mention of thy name.

(Isaiah 26:14) They are dead, they shall not live; they are deceased, they shall not rise: therefore hast thou visited and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish.

(Isaiah 26:15) Thou hast increased the nation, O LORD, thou hast increased the nation: thou art glorified: thou hadst removed it far unto all the ends of the earth.

(Isaiah 26:16) LORD, in trouble have they visited thee, they poured out a prayer when thy chastening was upon them.

(Isaiah 26:17) Like as a woman with child, that draweth near the time of her delivery, is in pain, and crieth out in her pangs; so have we been in thy sight, O LORD.

(Isaiah 26:18) We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought any deliverance in the earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen.

(Isaiah 26:19) Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.

(Isaiah 26:20) Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast.

(Isaiah 26:21) For, behold, the LORD cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.

(Isaiah 27:1) In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

(Isaiah 27:2) In that day sing ye unto her, A vineyard of red wine.

(Isaiah 27:3) I the LORD do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.

(Isaiah 27:4) Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.

(Isaiah 27:5) Or let him take hold of my strength, that he may make peace with me; and he shall make peace with me.

(Isaiah 27:6) He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.

(Isaiah 27:7) Hath he smitten him, as he smote those that smote him? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are slain by him?

(Isaiah 27:8) In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.

(Isaiah 27:9) By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin; when he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones that are beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall not stand up.

(Isaiah 27:10) Yet the defenced city shall be desolate, and the habitation forsaken, and left like a wilderness: there shall the calf feed, and there shall he lie down, and consume the branches thereof.

(Isaiah 27:11) When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire: for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will show them no favour.

(Isaiah 27:12) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel.

(Isaiah 27:13) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.

(Jeremiah 3:17) At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the LORD; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the imagination of their evil heart.

(Micah 4:2) And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.


(Isaiah 11:1) And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:

(Isaiah 11:2) And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;

(Isaiah 11:3) And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:

(Isaiah 11:4) But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.

(Isaiah 11:5) And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

(Isaiah 11:6) The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.

(Isaiah 11:7) And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.

(Isaiah 11:8) And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den.

This refers to the new heavens and new earth. Some notable features:

(Isaiah 11:9) They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.

(Isaiah 11:10) And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek: and his rest shall be glorious.

(Isaiah 11:11) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.

(Isaiah 11:12) And he shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

(Isaiah 11:13) The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.

(Isaiah 11:14) But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.

(Isaiah 11:15) And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.

(Isaiah 11:16) And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.

(Isaiah 35:1) The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose.

(Isaiah 35:2) It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, and the excellency of our God.

(Isaiah 35:3) Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees.

(Isaiah 35:4) Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompense; he will come and save you.

(Isaiah 35:5) Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped.

(Isaiah 35:6) Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.

(Isaiah 35:7) And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.

(Isaiah 35:8) And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein.

(Isaiah 35:9) No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be found there; but the redeemed shall walk there:

(Isaiah 35:10) And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.


(1 Peter 5:13) The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.

Babylonrefers to Rome.

(Isaiah 22:22) And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open.

(Isaiah 22:23) And I will fasten him as a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house.

(Luke 11:52) Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.

(Zechariah 4:4) So I answered and spake to the angel that talked with me, saying, What are these, my lord?

(Zechariah 4:5) Then the angel that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.

(Zechariah 4:6) Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.


(Matthew 11:10) For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee.

John the Baptist was the first prophet to preach the gospel; he prepared the way for Jesus. He preached: (1) that the kingdom of God was at hand, (2) that the Messiah was coming, and (3) that people needed to repent to enter the kingdom of God.

(Matthew 11:11) Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.

Jesus is comparing the greatest prophet living on earth with anyone and everyone in the new heavens and new earth.

(Matthew 11:12) And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force.

John the Baptist was the first prophet to preach the gospel. He preached: (1) that the kingdom of God was at hand, (2) that the Messiah was coming, and (3) that people needed to repent to enter the kingdom of God. Before then was a time of darkness in which even the prophets of God were killed. But once the light of the gospel was proclaimed starting with John the Baptist people are entering the kingdom. See Luke 16:16 for a clearer verse.

(Matthew 11:13) For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.

The Old Testament contains many prophecies in the law and the prophets concerning the coming of Christ, the Messiah.

(Matthew 11:14) And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come.

(Malachi 4:1) For, behold, the day cometh, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yea, and all that do wickedly, shall be stubble: and the day that cometh shall burn them up, saith the LORD of hosts, that it shall leave them neither root nor branch.

(Malachi 4:2) But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

(Malachi 4:3) And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this, saith the LORD of hosts.

(Malachi 4:4) Remember ye the law of Moses my servant, which I commanded unto him in Horeb for all Israel, with the statutes and judgments.

(Luke 1:16) And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.

(John 1:20) And he confessed, and denied not; but confessed, I am not the Christ.

(John 1:22) Then said they unto him, Who art thou? that we may give an answer to them that sent us. What sayest thou of thyself?

(2 Kings 2:13) He took up also the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and went back, and stood by the bank of Jordan;


The figurative use of these luminaries referred to the civil powers and rulers of nations. The idea is the same concept as that used in Joseph's vision in Genesis.

(Haggai 2:6) For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

(Haggai 2:7) And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

(Isaiah 42:1) Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

(Isaiah 34:4) And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.

(Isaiah 13:10) For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.

(Revelation 6:12) And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;

(Revelation 6:13) And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

(Revelation 6:14) And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

(Isaiah 65:9) And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Judah an inheritor of my mountains: and mine elect shall inherit it, and my servants shall dwell there.

(Joel 2:10) The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining:


(Joel 2:26) And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.

(Joel 2:27) And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed.

(Joel 2:28) And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:

(Joel 2:29) And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.

(Joel 2:30) And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke.

(Joel 2:31) The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.

These images refer to judgment. When God judged Israel via captivity there was brutal war and the savage effects. The images:

Just as there are horrible effects of judgment by war and captivity, so also there will be horrible effects upon those who will be judged to eternal damnation at the final judgment, the white throne judgment after the second coming of Christ.

(Joel 2:32) And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.

(Joel 3:1) For, behold, in those days, and in that time, when I shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem,

(Joel 3:2) I will also gather all nations, and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat, and will plead with them there for my people and for my heritage Israel, whom they have scattered among the nations, and parted my land.

(Joel 3:3) And they have cast lots for my people; and have given a boy for an harlot, and sold a girl for wine, that they might drink.

(Joel 3:4) Yea, and what have ye to do with me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine? will ye render me a recompense? and if ye recompense me, swiftly and speedily will I return your recompense upon your own head;

(Joel 3:5) Because ye have taken my silver and my gold, and have carried into your temples my goodly pleasant things:

(Joel 3:6) The children also of Judah and the children of Jerusalem have ye sold unto the Grecians, that ye might remove them far from their border.

(Joel 3:7) Behold, I will raise them out of the place whither ye have sold them, and will return your recompense upon your own head:

(Joel 3:8) And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the LORD hath spoken it.

(Joel 3:9) Proclaim ye this among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up:

(Joel 3:10) Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruninghooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong.

(Joel 3:11) Assemble yourselves, and come, all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together round about: thither cause thy mighty ones to come down, O LORD.

(Joel 3:12) Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.

(Joel 3:13) Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come, get you down; for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great.

(Joel 3:14) Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision.

(Joel 3:15) The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining.

(Joel 3:16) The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.

These images refer to judgment. When God judged Israel via captivity there was brutal war and the savage effects. The images:

Just as there are horrible effects of judgment by war and captivity, so also there will be horrible effects upon those who will be judged to eternal damnation at the final judgment, the white throne judgment after the second coming of Christ.

(Joel 3:17) So shall ye know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more.

(Joel 3:18) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim.

(Joel 3:19) Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land.

(Joel 3:20) But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation.

(Joel 3:21) For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for the LORD dwelleth in Zion.


(Isaiah 13:9) Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.

(Isaiah 13:10) For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine.

These images refer to judgment. When God judged Israel via captivity there was brutal war and the savage effects. The images: stars, sun, and moon dark — covered by smoke from fires and dust. Just as there are horrible effects of judgment by war and captivity, so also there will be horrible effects upon those who will be judged to eternal damnation at the final judgment, the white throne judgment after the second coming of Christ.

(Isaiah 13:11) And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible.

(Isaiah 13:12) I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir.

(Isaiah 13:13) Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth shall remove out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts, and in the day of his fierce anger.

(1 Corinthians 15:51) Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,

(1 Corinthians 15:52) In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

(Micah 4:3) And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

(Deuteronomy 7:9) Know therefore that the LORD thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations.

(1 Chronicles 16:15) Be ye mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations;

(1 Chronicles 16:16) Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac;

(1 Chronicles 16:17) And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,

(Psalms 50:10) For every beast of the forest is mine, and the cattle upon a thousand hills.

(Psalms 90:4) For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.

(Psalms 105:8) He hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.

(Psalms 105:9) Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac;

(Psalms 105:10) And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant:


(2 Peter 3:2) That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:

(2 Peter 3:3) Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts,

(2 Peter 3:4) And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.

(2 Peter 3:5) For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:

(2 Peter 3:6) Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished:

(2 Peter 3:7) But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men.

(2 Peter 3:8) But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

(2 Peter 3:9) The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

(2 Peter 3:10) But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.

It is interesting that God's judgment is expressed in terms of heat and fire. I propose that the heat referred to here is the same as the Lake of Fire.

(2 Peter 3:11) Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness,

The difference between the current heavens and earth and the new heavens and new earth is that sin has been removed. This implies that the souls of those who inhabit the new heavens and new earth are purified (since they currently have a sin nature — even the redeemed sill have concupiscence).

We should strive in this life to be like we will be in the new heavens and new earth.

(2 Peter 3:12) Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat?

(2 Peter 3:13) Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

This current heavens and earth will be replaced by the new heavens and new earth.

(2 Peter 3:14) Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye may be found of him in peace, without spot, and blameless.

(2 Peter 3:15) And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;

(Zechariah 9:1) The burden of the word of the LORD in the land of Hadrach, and Damascus shall be the rest thereof: when the eyes of man, as of all the tribes of Israel, shall be toward the LORD.

(Zechariah 9:2) And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

(Zechariah 9:3) And Tyrus did build herself a strong hold, and heaped up silver as the dust, and fine gold as the mire of the streets.

(Zechariah 9:4) Behold, the Lord will cast her out, and he will smite her power in the sea; and she shall be devoured with fire.

(Zechariah 9:5) Ashkelon shall see it, and fear; Gaza also shall see it, and be very sorrowful, and Ekron; for her expectation shall be ashamed; and the king shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon shall not be inhabited.

(Zechariah 9:6) And a bastard shall dwell in Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride of the Philistines.

(Zechariah 9:7) And I will take away his blood out of his mouth, and his abominations from between his teeth: but he that remaineth, even he, shall be for our God, and he shall be as a governor in Judah, and Ekron as a Jebusite.

(Zechariah 9:8) And I will encamp about mine house because of the army, because of him that passeth by, and because of him that returneth: and no oppressor shall pass through them any more: for now have I seen with mine eyes.

(Zechariah 9:9) Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

(Zechariah 9:10) And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth.

(Zechariah 9:11) As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water.

(Zechariah 9:12) Turn you to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope: even to day do I declare that I will render double unto thee;

(Zechariah 9:13) When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.

(Zechariah 9:14) And the LORD shall be seen over them, and his arrow shall go forth as the lightning: and the Lord GOD shall blow the trumpet, and shall go with whirlwinds of the south.

(Zechariah 9:15) The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue with sling stones; and they shall drink, and make a noise as through wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, and as the corners of the altar.

(Zechariah 9:16) And the LORD their God shall save them in that day as the flock of his people: for they shall be as the stones of a crown, lifted up as an ensign upon his land.

(Zechariah 9:17) For how great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.

(Zechariah 10:1) Ask ye of the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain; so the LORD shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass in the field.

(Zechariah 10:2) For the idols have spoken vanity, and the diviners have seen a lie, and have told false dreams; they comfort in vain: therefore they went their way as a flock, they were troubled, because there was no shepherd.

(Zechariah 10:3) Mine anger was kindled against the shepherds, and I punished the goats: for the LORD of hosts hath visited his flock the house of Judah, and hath made them as his goodly horse in the battle.

(Zechariah 10:4) Out of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every oppressor together.

(Zechariah 10:5) And they shall be as mighty men, which tread down their enemies in the mire of the streets in the battle: and they shall fight, because the LORD is with them, and the riders on horses shall be confounded.

(Zechariah 10:6) And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place them; for I have mercy upon them: and they shall be as though I had not cast them off: for I am the LORD their God, and will hear them.

(Zechariah 10:7) And they of Ephraim shall be like a mighty man, and their heart shall rejoice as through wine: yea, their children shall see it, and be glad; their heart shall rejoice in the LORD.

(Zechariah 10:8) I will hiss for them, and gather them; for I have redeemed them: and they shall increase as they have increased.

(Zechariah 10:9) And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and turn again.

(Zechariah 10:10) I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; and place shall not be found for them.

(Zechariah 10:11) And he shall pass through the sea with affliction, and shall smite the waves in the sea, and all the deeps of the river shall dry up: and the pride of Assyria shall be brought down, and the sceptre of Egypt shall depart away.

(Zechariah 10:12) And I will strengthen them in the LORD; and they shall walk up and down in his name, saith the LORD.

(Zechariah 11:1) Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.

(Zechariah 11:2) Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.

(Zechariah 11:3) There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.

(Zechariah 11:4) Thus saith the LORD my God; Feed the flock of the slaughter;

(Zechariah 11:5) Whose possessors slay them, and hold themselves not guilty: and they that sell them say, Blessed be the LORD; for I am rich: and their own shepherds pity them not.

(Zechariah 11:6) For I will no more pity the inhabitants of the land, saith the LORD: but, lo, I will deliver the men every one into his neighbour's hand, and into the hand of his king: and they shall smite the land, and out of their hand I will not deliver them.

(Zechariah 11:7) And I will feed the flock of slaughter, even you, O poor of the flock. And I took unto me two staves; the one I called Beauty, and the other I called Bands; and I fed the flock.

(Zechariah 11:8) Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul loathed them, and their soul also abhorred me.

(Zechariah 11:9) Then said I, I will not feed you: that that dieth, let it die; and that that is to be cut off, let it be cut off; and let the rest eat every one the flesh of another.

(Zechariah 11:10) And I took my staff, even Beauty, and cut it asunder, that I might break my covenant which I had made with all the people.

(Zechariah 11:11) And it was broken in that day: and so the poor of the flock that waited upon me knew that it was the word of the LORD.

(Zechariah 11:12) And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.

(Zechariah 11:13) And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.

(Zechariah 11:14) Then I cut asunder mine other staff, even Bands, that I might break the brotherhood between Judah and Israel.

(Zechariah 11:15) And the LORD said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.

(Zechariah 11:16) For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, which shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces.

(Zechariah 11:17) Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.

(Zechariah 12:2) Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about, when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem.

(Zechariah 12:3) And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.

(Zechariah 12:4) In that day, saith the LORD, I will smite every horse with astonishment, and his rider with madness: and I will open mine eyes upon the house of Judah, and will smite every horse of the people with blindness.

(Zechariah 12:5) And the governors of Judah shall say in their heart, The inhabitants of Jerusalem shall be my strength in the LORD of hosts their God.

(Zechariah 12:6) In that day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of fire among the wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on the left: and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, even in Jerusalem.

(Zechariah 12:7) The LORD also shall save the tents of Judah first, that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem do not magnify themselves against Judah.

(Zechariah 12:8) In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD before them.

(Zechariah 12:9) And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.

(Zechariah 12:10) And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.

(Zechariah 12:11) In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.

(Zechariah 12:12) And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart;

(Zechariah 12:13) The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart;

(Zechariah 12:14) All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.

(Zechariah 13:1) In that day there shall be a fountain opened to the house of David and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem for sin and for uncleanness.

(Zechariah 13:2) And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land, and they shall no more be remembered: and also I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirit to pass out of the land.

(Zechariah 13:3) And it shall come to pass, that when any shall yet prophesy, then his father and his mother that begat him shall say unto him, Thou shalt not live; for thou speakest lies in the name of the LORD: and his father and his mother that begat him shall thrust him through when he prophesieth.

(Zechariah 13:4) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the prophets shall be ashamed every one of his vision, when he hath prophesied; neither shall they wear a rough garment to deceive:

(Zechariah 13:5) But he shall say, I am no prophet, I am an husbandman; for man taught me to keep cattle from my youth.

(Zechariah 13:6) And one shall say unto him, What are these wounds in thine hands? Then he shall answer, Those with which I was wounded in the house of my friends.

(Zechariah 13:7) Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.

(Zechariah 13:8) And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith the LORD, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left therein.

(Zechariah 13:9) And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God.

(Zechariah 14:1) Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee.

(Zechariah 14:2) For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.

(Zechariah 14:3) Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle.

(Zechariah 14:4) And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south.

(Zechariah 14:5) And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the LORD my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.

(Zechariah 14:6) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the light shall not be clear, nor dark:

(Zechariah 14:7) But it shall be one day which shall be known to the LORD, not day, nor night: but it shall come to pass, that at evening time it shall be light.

(Zechariah 14:8) And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be.

(Zechariah 14:9) And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one.

(Zechariah 14:10) All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king's winepresses.

(Zechariah 14:11) And men shall dwell in it, and there shall be no more utter destruction; but Jerusalem shall be safely inhabited.

(Zechariah 14:12) And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem; Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth.

(Zechariah 14:13) And it shall come to pass in that day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold every one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour.

(Zechariah 14:14) And Judah also shall fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of all the heathen round about shall be gathered together, gold, and silver, and apparel, in great abundance.

(Zechariah 14:15) And so shall be the plague of the horse, of the mule, of the camel, and of the ass, and of all the beasts that shall be in these tents, as this plague.

(Zechariah 14:16) And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.

(Zechariah 14:17) And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain.

(Zechariah 14:18) And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

(Zechariah 14:19) This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles.

(Zechariah 14:20) In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD'S house shall be like the bowls before the altar.

(Zechariah 14:21) Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.

(Zechariah 6:9) And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

(Zechariah 6:10) Take of them of the captivity, even of Heldai, of Tobijah, and of Jedaiah, which are come from Babylon, and come thou the same day, and go into the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah;

(Zechariah 6:11) Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them upon the head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest;

(Zechariah 6:12) And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD:

(Zechariah 6:13) Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.

(Zechariah 6:14) And the crowns shall be to Helem, and to Tobijah, and to Jedaiah, and to Hen the son of Zephaniah, for a memorial in the temple of the LORD.

(Zechariah 6:15) And they that are far off shall come and build in the temple of the LORD, and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you. And this shall come to pass, if ye will diligently obey the voice of the LORD your God.


(Zechariah 2:4) And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein:

This did not occur until modern times. Therefore, this passage is referring to modern times and/or yet-future times.

(Zechariah 2:5) For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

(Zechariah 2:6) Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the LORD.

(Zechariah 2:7) Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon.

(Zechariah 2:8) For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

(Zechariah 2:9) For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.

(Zechariah 2:10) Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD.

(Zechariah 2:11) And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.

(Zechariah 2:12) And the LORD shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again.

(Zechariah 2:13) Be silent, O all flesh, before the LORD: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation.


(Matthew 17:20) And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you.

(Matthew 21:21) Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.

In the new heavens and new earth we will have miraculous powers.


(Luke 11:31) The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.

(Luke 11:32) The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.

Resurrection and great white throne judgment.


(Luke 20:41) And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?

Jesus was a descendant of David. This is literally how the word son is used.

(Luke 20:42) And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand,

There are two divine person's referred to here: (1) God the Father, and (2) the Messiah who will sit at the right hand of the Father.

(Luke 20:43) Till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

Currently there are still enemies of Christ roaming about doing wicked deeds.

(Luke 20:44) David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?

Jesus is demonstrating from scripture that the Messiah who was a descendant of David will be divine; not a mere man.


(Isaiah 11:7) And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.

(Isaiah 11:8) And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den.

There will be animal and human birth in the new heavens and new earth.


(Luke 16:16) The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached, and every man presseth into it.

John the Baptist was the first prophet to preach the gospel. He preached: (1) that the kingdom of God was at hand, (2) that the Messiah was coming, and (3) that people needed to repent to enter the kingdom of God. See Matthew 11:12.

(Luke 16:17) And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail.

Heaven and earth will last forever. At the second coming of Christ the new heavens and new earth will begin which will last forever. Jesus is stating that the law will also last forever. Paul speaks at great length on this topic in the book of Romans.


(1 Corinthians 15:29) Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?

In Paul's extended discussion of resurrection he uses the term resurrection to refer to both the physical bodily resurrection at Christ's second coming and the rising of the soul of the believer at death.


(Zechariah 8:3) Thus saith the LORD; I am returned unto Zion, and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem: and Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth; and the mountain of the LORD of hosts the holy mountain.

Israel and Jerusalem never gained this reputation after the Babylonian captivity. This was a dream of Jews which will finally be literally realized in the new heavens and new earth.


(1 Corinthians 6:2) Do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world? and if the world shall be judged by you, are ye unworthy to judge the smallest matters?

(1 Corinthians 6:3) Know ye not that we shall judge angels? how much more things that pertain to this life?

Premillennialists claim that these verses refer to a yet-future 1,000 yearmillennial kingdom in which raptured Christians with a resurrected body will rule over humans with normal bodies. This seems far-fetched to me.

At the white throne judgment the souls of believers who have been vexed by fellow humans as well as evil spirits will provide testimony against them.

Paul's point is that if believers are qualified to judge even the angels that they are qualified to judge in civil matters.

(Isaiah 40:4) Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:

(Isaiah 40:5) And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.

(Luke 3:23) And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,

(Matthew 1:15) And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob;

(Matthew 1:16) And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

(Luke 4:18) The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

(Luke 4:19) To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

(Luke 4:20) And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

(Luke 4:21) And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

(Matthew 19:28) And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

(Luke 23:28) But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.

(Luke 23:29) For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck.

(Luke 23:30) Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

(Luke 23:31) For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

(Matthew 27:51) And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;

(Matthew 27:52) And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose,

(Matthew 27:53) And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.

(Matthew 27:54) Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.

(Luke 23:43) And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

(Luke 23:44) And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.

(Luke 23:45) And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.

(Luke 23:46) And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

(2 Corinthians 12:4) How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.

(Revelation 2:7) He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.


(Luke 9:8) And of some, that Elias had appeared; and of others, that one of the old prophets was risen again.

Did they believe in reincarnation?

(2 Peter 3:13) Nevertheless we, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness.

(Isaiah 65:17) For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.

(Romans 16:20) And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.

(Acts 3:21) Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.

(Matthew 24:29) Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:

(Luke 6:48) He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.

(Luke 21:26) Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken.

(Acts 4:31) And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness.

(Hebrews 12:26) Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.

When giving the law. God shook the earth at Mt. Sinai.

(Hebrews 12:27) And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain.

The earth, which was shaken at the giving of the first covenant, will be removed at some future time along with the heaven.

(Isaiah 14:16) They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms;

(Isaiah 14:17) That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?

(Revelation 6:13) And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind.

(Isaiah 24:18) And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.

(Isaiah 24:19) The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.

(Isaiah 24:20) The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

(Isaiah 24:21) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.

(Isaiah 24:22) And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.

(Isaiah 24:23) Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

(Ezekiel 31:16) I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth.

(Ezekiel 38:20) So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.

(Joel 3:16) The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.

(Haggai 2:6) For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land;

(Haggai 2:7) And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

(Haggai 2:21) Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth;

(Haggai 2:22) And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will overthrow the chariots, and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.


(Psalm 2:6) Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.

(Psalm 2:9) Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.


(Romans 11:25) For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.

The usual interpretation has two aspects; both have weird consequences:

In the context Paul is discussing the fact that God has expanded his plan of salvation to include everybody including Gentiles; they are "grafted-in" to Israel. The term "Israel" refers to God's covenant with his chosen people which includes the coming of the Messiah. The problem was that the majority of the Jews including the leaders rejected Jesus as this Messiah.

One day in the future there will be a final person who will receive salvation by accepting the gospel and embracing Jesus. But this will only occur at the second coming of Christ. There will never be a time in which only Jews become Christians.

(Romans 11:26) And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:

Only at the final generation at the second coming of Christ can it be said that "all Israel was saved". For every other generation there are still people who are not yet born.

In the context the "all Israel" referred to is that Israel which includes Jewish converts to Christianity. These Jewish converts are part of the vine of "true" Israel just as the grafted-in Gentile converts are.

(Romans 11:27) For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

God takes away sins upon conversion to Christianity.