I describe the key points of amillennialism in 2 ways...
- An emphasis on the contrast with premillennialism.
- My unique view of amillennialism, strictly literal.
Chronology of key events...
- The Church age = 1,000 years of Revelation 20(In my view the 1,000 years is literal, from Christ to 1054 A.D).
- Antichrist(I reject the view that there will be a yet-future Antichrist)
- 2nd coming of Christ
- White throne judgment
- New heavens and new earth
Note the following aspects...
- No rapture (these verses refer to the 2nd coming of Christ)
- 2nd coming of Christ occurs just before white throne judgment (not in 70 A.D. as Preterism teaches)
- No 1,000 utopian kingdom on earth (these verses refer to the new heavens and new earth)
- No 3–1/2 or 7 year "great tribulation" as premillennialism teaches (there will be tribulations like this)
- The yet-future Antichristhas different characteristics than in premillennialism
End Time Prophecy Leads to Rome | The Kingdom of Israel
Principles of Interpretation
Amillennialism is based on these principles of interpreting end-time prophecy...
- The book of Revelationis not the first book to consult in deriving an end-time view but, rather, the last; this, because it is highly symbolic (in a literal wayvia literal symbolism). However, Premillennialists emphasize the book of Revelation.
- The Old Testament should be interpreted in light of the New Testament. Many passages in the New Testament clearly say the Church is the "true" Israel (the New Testament writers themselves say this).
- The passages about the 2nd coming of Christ are often in the context of Christ's coming to judge the world. There is, therefore, no reason to insert a 1,000 yearmillennium before this.
- The promisesto Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, David, Solomon and others were...
This third option is not allegorical(as premillennialists claim).
- Already fulfilled,or
- Conditional upon obedience,or
- Fulfilled in Christand the Church.
- The New Testament was written specifically for the readers at the time and should be interpreted as directly applying to their immediate situation. But in Premillennialism much of end-time prophecy is put off to the far distant future and would have no relevance to the early readers.
- Interpreting the Old Testament prophecies as strictly literal according to the premillennial view leads to ridiculous conclusions; they even interpret these passages figuratively when it suits them (but they don't admit to this).
The key points of Amillennialism
There are many. I reject a few of them.
- The 1,000 yearsof Revelation Chapter 20 are not a yet-future literal 1,000 year period. In the standard view, this represents the Church Age from the time of Christ until his 2nd coming. In my view, it refers to the literal 1,000 years from the resurrection of Christ to the great schism of east and west about 1054 A.D.
- Christ's second coming is the final event in this world. It will be immediately followed by...
- The gathering of believers and unbelievers in the final (and only) resurrection.
- The destruction of the world by fire.
That day will bring about the destruction of the heavens by fire, and the elements will melt in the heat. (2 Peter 3:12)
- The final (great white throne) judgment.
- Eternity in the new heavens and new earthfor the redeemed.
- Eternity in the "Lake of Fire" for the unredeemed.
- Passages concerning the Great Tribulation (as understood by premillennialists) refer to...
- The tribulation and persecution of believers during the Church Age, or
- The Jewish war preceding the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D., or
- A time of trial, persecution, and apostasy for believers immediately before Christ's 2nd coming.
- The rapture is the same event as the general resurrection at the time of Christ's 2nd coming.
- The church is the "true" Israel.
- Christ is the "true" Israel.He was born as a descendant of David and perfectly fulfilled the law. Thus, the conditional promises to Israel are fulfilled in Christ (and his body, the Church) since only he met the conditions.
- As of about 30 A.D., the nation of Israel no longer has a key part in God's plan of salvation and redemption for humanity. Thus the current nation of Israel (as of 1948 A.D.) is not God's chosen nation like the nation of Israel was in the Old Testament. This is not because of Israel's rejection of Christ as the Messiah but, rather, because the Church of the New Covenant has superceded the nation of Israel of the Old Covenant.
- The Old Covenant nation of Israel will not be restored and will not inhabit the land in the future to fulfill God's promise to Abrahamand his descendants (except finally in the new heavens and new earth).
The Jewish War and destruction of Jerusalem and the temple in 70 A.D. are clear signs God used in demonstrating to the early church he is finished with Israel in his redemptive plan. This is because the church is the "true" Israel (the New Testament writers themselves say this).The nation of Israel and the Church are two phases of the same redemptive institution of God and we should, therefore, expect worship under the New Covenant to be based on the same model of worship as the Old Covenant.
- God still considers Jews as his people and he still loves them and blesses them. He restored modern nation of Israel in 1948 A.D. out of love for them and they will figure in the history of the world until the second coming of Christ.
- The promisesmade to Israel were...
- Fulfilled before to the coming of Christ, or
- Conditional upon Israel's obedience to God, or
- Applied to the Church "spiritually." (Note: I reject figurative interpretation in favor of a strictly literal approach).
- God promised a kingdom to Israel; this promise was already fulfilled in Old Testament times. This kingdom comprised the land area promised to Abraham.
- Salvation has always been through faith. Thus, membership in the Old Testament nation of Israel did not guarantee salvation to anyone. Gentiles who believed in the true God and who worshipped him in faith were also saved.
- Amillennialism is not based on an arbitrary allegoricalinterpretation — rather it is based on interpretations of the Old Testament by the New Testament writers themselves.
- The kingdom of heaven has several aspects...
- Christ ruling and reigning from heaven at the right hand of God now.
- Christ ruling and reigning on the earth through the church.
- The final glorified kingdom in the new heavens and new earth.
- Believers who die will rule and reign with Christ in heaven, but believers who are living are already ruling and reigning with Christ through the Church.
- In standard amillennialism this corresponds to the 1,000 yearsof Revelation chapter 20; an allegorical symbol, not a literal 1,000 years — in fact, for believers who died just after Christ was resurrected, it has already been nearly 2,000 years.
- In my view believers do rule and reign with Christ during Church age but this has nothing to do with the 1,000 years.
- There is no literal 3–1/2 or 7 year great tribulation during which God judges the God-rejecting world; this interpretation is contrived. There is no Antichristand no false prophetin the way in premillennialists understand them. Some amillennialists subscribe to the idea of a time of trial and apostasy for the churchimmediately preceding the 2nd coming of Christ.
- I believe the tenets of the Nicene Creed(except the part about God being a substance).
- The Bible is the inspired, inerrant,and infallibleword of God; every word is trustworthy and true.
- Jesus is deity and is the second person in the Trinity — the Son of God.
- The only way to salvation is through faith in Christ — there is no other way.
- Ezekiel 40–48is a literal passage, not an extended allegory.The purpose of his vision...
Write these down before them so that they may be faithful to its design and follow all its regulations (Ezekiel 43:11).
But they were not faithful and did not build a temple according to these specifications, nor did they set up their society in the specified manner. However, the passage will literally be fulfilled in the new heavens and new earth.
- Ezekiel 38–39is literal.
- In standard amillennialism, Satan was bound at Christ's resurrection and will be released for a short time immediately before the second coming of Christ. But other than that, Revelation chapter 20is figurative. In my view, Satan was released at the split between east and west about 1054 A.D.