Christians are sanctified (made holy), preserved (kept in the faith), and called (redeemed).I'm not sure if the order of these matters. Perhaps the calling is the encounter with Jesus at deathin which he calls us to himself and we accept him.
(Jude 1:3) Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.
I suppose the congregation at large could contend for the faith but I wonder if the leaders of the congregation is what Jude had in mind?
One of the key tasks of the early Church was to contend for the faith, to ensure heresy was squelched.
I can't imagine why these phony Christians would want to be part of the Church and the Christian community. Nor can I understand why liberal Christian (non-Christian in my opinion) scholars would devote their lives to studying and teaching the Bible, deriving spiritual meaning from it?
(Jude 1:4) For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
(Jude 1:7) Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
Certain of the wicked angels were imprisoned until the final day of judgment, presumably near the time Satan is cast into the lake of fire.Angels are pure spirit beings and so their place of imprisonment is composed of pure spirit; therefore, the spiritual realm has objects corresponding to physical objects.
(Jude 1:12) These are spots in your feasts of charity [agapao], when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
Notice that these celebrations of the community are referred to as "love feasts" using the word agapao for love. This provides evidence that the word agapao does not refer to sacrificial love as is usually claimed.
How did Jude know Enoch said this? Just because the noncanonical Book of Enoch says he did doesn't mean he did. There is a similar reference in the book of Deuteronomybut it doesn't include the whole passage.
(Jude 1:15) To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
The quoted passage is from the book of Enoch which contains teachings contrary to God's word, yet Jude singles out a passage which is true and quotes it. Presumably Jude learned of this from Jesus or from the other apostles (who learned of it from Jesus.) Jesus did teach quite a bit on the end times.
Apostolic teaching is our authority and is infallible.Jesus chose them, taught them, passed on his teaching mantle to them. We are to always remember apostolic teaching. We must compare what our churches and preachers teach with what the apostles taught.
This probably refers to those who cause divisions in the congregation, who are not focused on the spiritual and religious life with Jesus.
King James Version