Isaiah prophecies are about the southern kingdom. He mentions the northern kingdom and Samaria but he is not directing his words to them.
Technically, the southern kingdom of Judah with its capital of Jerusalem is the nation of Israel since the northern tribes split off to set up their own kingdom with their own worship. Often, the word "Israel" refers to the northern kingdom but it also refers to the southern kingdom which still maintains true temple worship.
(Isaiah 1:4) Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.
(Isaiah 1:6) From the sole of the foot even unto the head there is no soundness in it; but wounds, and bruises, and putrifying sores: they have not been closed, neither bound up, neither mollified with ointment.
(Isaiah 1:11) To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats.
(Isaiah 1:23) Thy princes are rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
In this chapter we read of a glorious time called the "last days" and the time of judgment immediately preceding it called the "day of the Lord" or "that day".
This prophecy concerns God's chosen people which after Solomon's reign split into two kingdoms: Judah and Israel. Only the southern kingdom, Judah, retained the true temple worship instituted by God.
(Isaiah 2:2) And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD's house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
This prophecy concerns the last days. But when are these? Some possibilities...
In my view the "last days" refers to the new heavens and new earth having a reconstituted nation of Israel populated with the 144,000living under the Mosaic Law with temple worship. Some Jews will wish to remain Jewish for all eternity in their resurrected bodies and will remain associated with Israel, living there or regularly making pilgrimages to there.
(Isaiah 2:3) And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
During these last days Jerusalem will be the center of spiritual truth, of God's presence. God will proclaim his law from there. As the next verse states, there will never again be war after this time. This means that sin and death have been judged. This is the fatal flaw of those having the various 1,000 yearmillennial views with a final war against Christ afterwards.
(Isaiah 2:4) And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.
There will never again be wars.
Notice there are plowshares and pruninghooks. This implies there is agriculture.
First God will judge, then there will be this time of eternal peace.
God desires that every person of his chosen nation of Israel would choose to follow him for all eternity. This includes those who had already died when Isaiah prophesied, those alive to hear Isaiah, those alive at the time but who didn't hear Isaiah, and all yet-unborn future generations. Notice God reaches through time to interact with every person, with every soul. For those who will hear Isaiah or read his words, they can find comfort and direction in this word of the Lord. Once a person dies they meet Christ face to faceand make their final choice to follow him or reject him.
(Isaiah 2:6) Therefore thou hast forsaken thy people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers.
Referring to deriving spiritual meaning and energy from the pagan practices of those nations around them. They allow these to guide and teach them and to lead their spiritual practices.
God can't be in the presence of sin,he is repelled by it. Only in living out a life of righteousness can we draw God near to us. In fact, judgment against the wicked is merely them pushing out God's presence out of their living experience. Final judgment to damnationis when a person chooses to forever reject having God's direct presence.
Rampant materialism, the same as today.
After a wicked person dies their spiritual body continues to have various experiences as they await judgment shortly thereafter. As Christ comesto them revealing his glory, they will hide in the rocks.
Is this limited to people who happened to be alive at the time these events occurred? It seems to refer to everyone indicating it is an event in the spiritual realm experienced by all. If so, it must occur after every person to ever be born has been born; most died centuries and millennia before, a few are alive on earth as the last generation.
Because of these considerations it is clear that this "day of the Lord" can only refer to (1) each wicked person's judgment at their death,and/or (2) the final judgment to be immediately followed by the new heavens and new earth.
Even the trees will be judged. They are high and lifted up because humans use them in ways that do not honor God. These wrong ideas about the trees have become attached to the soulsof the trees; a goal of judgment is to purify everything back to its proper condition as intended by God. There will be trees in the new heavens and new earth.I should mention, the souls of trees are much more limited than the souls of humans and animals; limited to attributes such as survival, reproduction, beingness, perhaps a very low-grade consciousness or awareness of existence, probably aware of God's presence and able to worship him.
Even the mountains will be judged. They are high and lifted up because humans trust in them for safety from enemies in battle. These wrong ideas about mountains have become attached to the soulsof the mountains; a goal of judgment is to purify everything back to its proper condition as intended by God. There will be hills and mountains in the new heavens and new earth.I should mention, the souls of mountains are much more limited than the souls of even plants; limited to attributes such as beingness, and not much else.
More things high and lifted up that humans trust rather than trusting in God.
Anyone wishing to live in utopia forever should exalt God first; only things pleasing to God will endure. Things repulsive to God will be forever destroyed, not annihilated, but in the continual state of being judged and destroyed; burned in the fire.
At the second coming of Christ there will be grand geologic manifestations such as earthquakes and volcanoes.But most people will have died centuries or millennia before, so this verse applies to them as they experience these kinds of things with the spiritual body after death as Christ reveals himself to them and they try to hide.
I'm guessing people in that day interacted with moles and bats more than most people do today. We might think instead of rats and cockroaches.
When God arises to judge, the whole earth shakes. Every aspect of the physical universe and the spiritual realm interacts with God, derives its very existence from God, responds to God's movements in a tangible way.
The final advice on this topic; in spiritual matters, look to God and his word, not to humans.
(Isaiah 3:16) Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:
(Isaiah 3:24) And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.
Verse 4 informs us when "that day" is.
(Isaiah 4:4) When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.
(Isaiah 4:5) And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.
(Isaiah 5:2) And he fenced it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and planted it with the choicest vine, and built a tower in the midst of it, and also made a winepress therein: and he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.
(Isaiah 5:7) For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
Oops! We are commanded of God to fill the earth and multiply. But we are to leave room between our houses and land. Also, we are to allow the poor and needy to wander among our fields and collect some of the harvest for food.This system only works when we leave room for them. Some people are not satisfied with what they have so they keep buying the houses and fields adjoining theirs until they own huge tracts of land and, effectively, drive out everyone else. They can then enjoy it all by themselves. This seems to me to be an apt description of the worst of capitalism, that it makes the rich richer and the poor poorer, and it creates a great divide between rich and poor. The rich use up all the resources for themselves and exploit the weak and poor who must sell their labor for a pittance or even become slaves. I think this verse also speaks of overpopulation. While it is energy efficient to live and work in high-rise buildings, this tends to create overpopulation in which non-replenishable resources are someday depleted and the system comes crashing down causing great suffering. We are well on the way to this unhappy outcome.
(Isaiah 5:24) Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
(Isaiah 5:25) Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases were torn in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
Notice: in God's presence we become painfully aware of sin.
Isaiah was purged of his sin.
Isaiah was now a suitable vessel having been purged of his sin.
I suppose if you ever hear God ask this question the assumed correct answer is, "send me".
Those who truly love God will desire to serve him. The flesh may be weak and may falter but will endure to the end.
(Isaiah 6:10) Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
(Isaiah 6:13) But yet in it shall be a tenth, and it shall return, and shall be eaten: as a teil tree, and as an oak, whose substance is in them, when they cast their leaves: so the holy seed shall be the substance thereof.
(Isaiah 7:1) And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.
(Isaiah 7:4) And say unto him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, neither be fainthearted for the two tails of these smoking firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin with Syria, and of the son of Remaliah.
Ahaz needs to believe that these two are not threats.
God offers a sign to help increase his faith.
Ahaz was such a faithless man that he wouldn't ask for a sign that this prophecy would occur. He didn't want to believe that God had something good planned. He didn't want to acknowledge the prophet of God.
Some translate the word "virgin" as "young woman". But in that society, a young woman is a virgin. As it turns out, this woman, a prophetess, becomes Isaiah's wife and the child's name is Mahershalalhashbaz.
Since Ahaz wouldn't propose a sign, God offered one anyway.
The good news: those two kings will not invade.
The bad news: The Assyrians will invade.
(Isaiah 7:20) In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, namely, by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of the feet: and it shall also consume the beard.
(Isaiah 7:25) And on all hills that shall be digged with the mattock, there shall not come thither the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle.
The waters of Shiloah are spring waters in Jerusalem. Apparently, Ahaz sought outside help in dealing with his two enemies, Rezin and Pekah, Remaliah's son.
(Isaiah 8:7) Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks:
(Isaiah 8:9) Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces.
(Isaiah 8:19) And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead?
(Isaiah 8:21) And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward.
(Isaiah 9:1) Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation, when at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did more grievously afflict her by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the nations.
(Isaiah 9:6) For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
(Isaiah 9:7) Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
(Isaiah 9:17) Therefore the LORD shall have no joy in their young men, neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and widows: for every one is an hypocrite and an evildoer, and every mouth speaketh folly. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.
(Isaiah 10:6) I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets.
(Isaiah 10:12) Wherefore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks.
(Isaiah 10:13) For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have done it, and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds [boundaries] of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant man:
God admits he does this, like a mighty man. This is how God acts in the presence of evil, wickedness, and sin; he judges it and refuses to allow it into his presence. Their sin results in their becoming ever more depraved until it triggers God's holy judgment.God allows a certain amount of sin and even blesses those sinning, but the sin itself inhibits interaction with God; only by being distant from us can God tolerate the sin, by not seeing it, by not looking upon it. He sort of interacts with us with his eyes closed and his back toward us and throws blessings our way over his shoulder. But once he begins to turn around, to face us squarely, judgment begins. The more directly we interact with God, the more our sin interferes and the more he must judge the sin.
(Isaiah 10:14) And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs that are left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.
(Isaiah 10:15) Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth [cuts down] therewith? or shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh [saws with] it? as if the rod should shake itself against them that lift it up, or as if the staff should lift up itself, as if it were no wood.
From the next verse we see that the word "fire" is a figure of speech.
The fire and flame are similes having the word "as" nearby. Just as fire burns prickly bushes and the thorns on them, so also, the Holy Spirit burns away spiritual deadness.
(Isaiah 10:20) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth.
(Isaiah 10:24) Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt.
The Assyrians did not physically harm the people of Jerusalemjust as the Egyptians did not harm the Israelites when they were trapped by the Red Sea during the Exodus.I can imagine the seemingly impossibility of not being afraid in this situation, of trusting in God for safety even for those who are faithful and loyal to God.
The image of hitting with a rodis clearly an idiom. Even though I have adopted a strictly literalsystem of interpretation, there are cases where idioms come into play. In this example, it must be an idiom for several reasons: (1) a person (the Assyrian, singular) simply cannot strike a whole city with a rod unless he lines them up and does it one-by-one; (2) neither would an army of warriors (the Assyrians) strike them with literal rods, they probably didn't even carry rods, but swords.
That being said, I believe these images of rods and such actually occur in the spiritual realm and are, therefore, strictly literal after all — literal (spiritual) people (Assyrians) literally hitting other (literal, spiritual) people (Israelites) with literal rods; just as in dreams we act out life's events in symbolic acts and images. I can imagine some of these Israelites having fearful dreams of being hit by rods and pursued; Isaiah's words would comfort them and perhaps help them sleep better — next time they dreamed this, they could follow it up with the word of the Lord spoken by Isaiah and feel safe. And isn't that what a relationship with God is all about anyway? in every event of life we tag on remembrance of God and turn our gaze upon his word and his words? Our spiritual life consists in triggering our memory of God and our trust and love of him.
(Isaiah 10:26) And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as his rod was upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after the manner of Egypt.
(Isaiah 10:27) And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing.
(Isaiah 11:2) And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
(Isaiah 11:4) But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
(Isaiah 11:6) The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid [goat]; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.
This describes utopia. Several possibilities for interpreting it...
Only the third option, the new heavens and new earth,makes any sense at all. The others render the Bible completely unintelligible, subject to the whims of false teachers and wolves in sheep's clothing.
There are animals in the new heavens and new earth. Carnivores don't need to eat, implying, no one needs to eat — eating is optional.
Jerusalem and the temple will exist in the new heavens and new earth.
(Isaiah 11:11) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
God collects his remnant, the true Jews, from all over the world. The first time God collected together his remnant was after the Babylonian captivity of 70 years (yet-future for Isaiah.) The second time occurs at the second coming of Christ when he gathers together all the redeemed, living and dead, from everywhere in the world and everywhere in the spiritual realm.
At Christ's second coming, sin, evil, and wickedness are finally abolished. There will be no more tribal animosities after this.
(Isaiah 11:14) But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.
The arch-enemies of the Israelites will become subject to Israeli political rule. God will grant everyone the desires of their heart.
(Isaiah 11:15) And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea [Red Sea?]; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the [Euphrates] river, and shall smite [strike] it in [into] the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod [in sandals].
Just as the Israelites left Egypt by a miraculous crossing of the Red Sea (on a "highway,") so also those in captivity in Assyria will miraculously cross the Euphrates River to return back to the promised land. In the new heavens and new earth,Jews who wish to follow the Jewish law will live in Israel and practice temple worship in Jerusalem.
God won't turn away his anger in the face of sin; that God turns away his anger implies the sinners have stopped sinning, have repented from their sin, have become pure and holy.
God is my salvation; such a popular phrase. But what exactly are we being saved from? From the wages of sin, from death.God does not only save us; he is life itself, as Jesus said, I am the way, the truth, the life.
So many of the commentaries I read use the word "Zion" to mean the Church. They have lost the ability to distinguish application from meaning. In fact this is my objection to the so-called inductive method of Bible study; there is a built-in forced leap from meaning to application. Everything must have an application but the applications usually have nothing to do with the way the original hearers and readers would have applied it. Fundamentalist evangelical Protestantism is rife with allegoryyet they claim to be literal. Weird.
(Isaiah 13:4) The noise of a multitude in the mountains, like as of a great people; a tumultuous noise of the kingdoms of nations gathered together: the LORD of hosts mustereth the host of the battle.
Judgment upon a nation or a peoples for their sin is an example of the "day of the Lord."This same phrase is used to refer to the second coming of Christand to the time of death for each person in which they are judged.Just as we must each wait to be judged until the day of our death, so also the Babylonians would have to wait a while for the judgment prophesied here to occur. When Babylonis finally destroyed, it will be an unhappy event, and people will howl in agony. These judgments against nations are from the Lord even though the agents are often other nations who conquer and destroy them. The Lord allows this to naturally occur to nations that have fallen into depravity and immorality, or that have false religious systems, or that exploit and mistreat their people, especially the poor, weak, and needy: he withdraws his grace from such as these. We in the USA should be concerned as our culture decays.
(Isaiah 13:8) And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces shall be as flames.
(Isaiah 14:1) For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.
(Isaiah 14:2) And the people shall take them, and bring them to their place: and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of the LORD for servants and handmaids: and they shall take them captives, whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors.
(Isaiah 14:9) Hell [sheol] from beneath is moved for thee to meet thee at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, even all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
(Isaiah 14:13) For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
As one of the angels, Lucifer was still lower than God. He wanted to ascend to the highest heaven where only God resides.
The key to relating to God properly is to look upon him with the recognition that we are not like him and never will be. We are to worship him for his unique and unsurpassing greatness.
In the new heavens and new earth,the earth will no longer tremble and kingdoms will no longer shake. This implies that Lucifer was involved with creating the world and inserted these undesirable characteristics into it.
This verse seems to say that Lucifer created the world as a place of destruction and devastation; a place in which animals eat animals, and petty power struggles cause people to kill one another.
(Isaiah 14:19) But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain, thrust through with a sword, that go down to the stones of the pit; as a carcase trodden under feet.
(Isaiah 14:29) Rejoice not thou, whole Palestina, because the rod of him that smote thee is broken: for out of the serpent's root shall come forth a cockatrice, and his fruit shall be a fiery flying serpent.
(Isaiah 15:5) My heart shall cry out for Moab; his fugitives shall flee unto Zoar, an heifer of three years old: for by the mounting up of Luhith with weeping shall they go it up; for in the way of Horonaim they shall raise up a cry of destruction.
(Isaiah 16:4) Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.
(Isaiah 16:8) For the fields of Heshbon languish, and the vine of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thereof, they are come even unto Jazer, they wandered through the wilderness: her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea.
(Isaiah 16:9) Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh: for the shouting for thy summer fruits and for thy harvest is fallen.
(Isaiah 16:10) And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field; and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting: the treaders shall tread out no wine in their presses; I have made their vintage shouting to cease.
(Isaiah 16:14) But now the LORD hath spoken, saying, Within three years, as the years of an hireling, and the glory of Moab shall be contemned, with all that great multitude; and the remnant shall be very small and feeble.
(Isaiah 17:6) Yet gleaning grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel.
(Isaiah 17:10) Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of thy strength, therefore shalt thou plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:
(Isaiah 17:13) The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off, and shall be chased as the chaff of the mountains before the wind, and like a rolling thing before the whirlwind.
(Isaiah 18:2) That sendeth ambassadors by the sea, even in vessels of bulrushes upon the waters, saying, Go, ye swift messengers, to a nation scattered and peeled, to a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden down, whose land the rivers have spoiled!
(Isaiah 18:5) For afore the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape is ripening in the flower, he shall both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and take away and cut down the branches.
(Isaiah 18:6) They shall be left together unto the fowls of the mountains, and to the beasts of the earth: and the fowls shall summer upon them, and all the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them.
(Isaiah 18:7) In that time shall the present be brought unto the LORD of hosts of a people scattered and peeled, and from a people terrible from their beginning hitherto; a nation meted out and trodden under foot, whose land the rivers have spoiled, to the place of the name of the LORD of hosts, the mount Zion.
(Isaiah 19:1) The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it.
(Isaiah 19:2) And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians: and they shall fight every one against his brother, and every one against his neighbour; city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.
(Isaiah 19:3) And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards.
(Isaiah 19:17) And the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt, every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts, which he hath determined against it.
(Isaiah 19:20) And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and he shall send them a saviour, and a great one, and he shall deliver them.
(Isaiah 20:2) At the same time spake the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go and loose the sackcloth from off thy loins, and put off thy shoe from thy foot. And he did so, walking naked and barefoot.
(Isaiah 20:4) So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners, and the Ethiopians captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, even with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt.
(Isaiah 21:2) A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
(Isaiah 21:3) Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing of it; I was dismayed at the seeing of it.
(Isaiah 21:9) And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground.
(Isaiah 22:16) What hast thou here? and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, as he that heweth him out a sepulchre on high, and that graveth an habitation for himself in a rock?
(Isaiah 22:21) And I will clothe him with thy robe, and strengthen him with thy girdle, and I will commit thy government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah.
(Isaiah 22:24) And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's house, the offspring and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the vessels of cups, even to all the vessels of flagons.
(Isaiah 22:25) In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that was upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken it.
(Isaiah 23:4) Be thou ashamed, O Zidon: for the sea hath spoken, even the strength of the sea, saying, I travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, nor bring up virgins.
(Isaiah 23:13) Behold the land of the Chaldeans; this people was not, till the Assyrian founded it for them that dwell in the wilderness: they set up the towers thereof, they raised up the palaces thereof; and he brought it to ruin.
(Isaiah 23:17) And it shall come to pass after the end of seventy years, that the LORD will visit Tyre, and she shall turn to her hire, and shall commit fornication with all the kingdoms of the world upon the face of the earth.
(Isaiah 23:18) And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
(Isaiah 24:2) And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.
(Isaiah 24:16) From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
(Isaiah 24:18) And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.
This event will occur just before the final judgment, the white throne judgment.
No one is immune to God's righteous judgment. Those who have previously died and are in the spiritual realm waiting for judgment as well as those who happen to be alive on the earth when this day occurs: both groups will be judged. Also, the angels in the spiritual realm.
At the second coming of Christ, he will come back to earth in bodily form to Jerusalem and reign there briefly before the general resurrection and the destruction of the world by fire. The second coming of Christ is not a brief event but will occur in stages.
(Isaiah 25:4) For thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shadow from the heat, when the blast of the terrible ones is as a storm against the wall.
(Isaiah 25:8) He will swallow up death in victory; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of his people shall he take away from off all the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it.
(Isaiah 25:9) And it shall be said in that day, Lo, this is our God; we have waited for him, and he will save us: this is the LORD; we have waited for him, we will be glad and rejoice in his salvation.
(Isaiah 25:11) And he shall spread forth his hands in the midst of them, as he that swimmeth spreadeth forth his hands to swim: and he shall bring down their pride together with the spoils of their hands.
(Isaiah 26:9) With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness.
It is our soul which is alive, not our body.Yet what we do in our body under the direction of our soul determines whether or not we are among the redeemed. We are judged based on our works done in the bodybecause this is how we demonstrate our faith in God, our love for God and neighbor.
Those who are unjust are excluded from God's presence; God cannot look upon sin; God hides his face from sin.
Good works done by us in faith are really manifestations of God's work. We think we are doing the work, and so we are. But God is also doing the work without interfering with our free will to freely choose to do the work. Thus, work (good works) is a form of worship. We worship God when we do things pleasing to him because we enter into a unity with him; we both are doing the exact same thing. This mystical view of Christianity is rejected by some but the Bible clearly support it; in fact, the Bible demands it!
Other religious and spiritual systems are missing a key ingredient: they neglect to refer to God as he actually is, preferring instead to distort him beyond recognition. These other religious systems might sound nice but their teachings are simply untrue. (I admit they all contain various truths, but each overall system is, as a whole, untrue regarding: the nature of sin and evil, the nature of God, the path to redemption, the conditions of the eternal afterlife.)
A reference to final resurrection. Notice that the wicked God-rejecters do not rise in the same way as the redeemed.
(Isaiah 26:18) We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought [worked] any deliverance in the earth; neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen.
A reference to bodily resurrection. The wicked who die go to a different place than the righteous; this was true even before the time of Christ. The righteous went to Abraham's bosom which I think is purgatory. When Christ went there to free the captives he merely took them to a new location in the spiritual realm, presumably further away from the place of the wicked. Again, this new temporary home for the redeemed is purgatory. Ultimately the soul must be completely cleansed. The teaching that our souls remain filthy and depraved and are merely covered over by Christ's righteousnessis rubbish. Purgatory is where our souls are truly cleansed so that God can look upon us. (God cannot look upon wickedness; he doesn't even see it. He senses disorder and rains down blessings.)
(Isaiah 27:1) In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked [twisted] serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.
The leviathan is a real creature, only existing in the spiritual realm (as does the unicorn.) Perhaps Lucifer materialized this creature in physical form (and possessed it) in tempting Eve. Part of God's curse on this creature was that it would never be able to materialize in the physical as anything other than a common snake thereby rendering it useless by Satan and the demons as a way to tempt people.
(Isaiah 27:9) By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin; when he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones that are beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall not stand up.
(Isaiah 27:10) Yet the defenced city shall be desolate, and the habitation forsaken, and left like a wilderness: there shall the calf feed, and there shall he lie down, and consume the branches thereof.
(Isaiah 27:11) When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire: for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
(Isaiah 27:12) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel.
(Isaiah 27:13) And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.
(Isaiah 28:4) And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
(Isaiah 28:7) But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.
(Isaiah 28:13) But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
(Isaiah 28:15) Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
(Isaiah 28:25) When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and the rie in their place?
(Isaiah 28:27) For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.
Ariel refers to Jerusalem. Scholars disagree about its meaning so I must conclude that it meaning is lost. This is common in writings of the Bible; that words and phrases which were meaningful to the original hearers and readers are not lost to us. Perhaps the reverse is also true; that words and phrases that were mysterious to them are not clear to us. Certainly this is true in the many prophecies about the coming of Christ and the Church.
The original audience of these prophecies must have been horrified by these kinds of prophecies about Jerusalem.
This occurred with the Babylonian captivity and again in 70 A.D. by the Romans.
(Isaiah 29:4) And thou shalt be brought down, and shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
(Isaiah 29:8) It shall even be as when an hungry man dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.
(Isaiah 29:11) And the vision of all is become unto you as the words of a book that is sealed, which men deliver to one that is learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I cannot; for it is sealed:
(Isaiah 29:13) Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men:
(Isaiah 29:14) Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.
(Isaiah 29:16) Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter's clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?
(Isaiah 30:6) The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people that shall not profit them.
(Isaiah 30:14) And he shall break it as the breaking of the potters' vessel that is broken in pieces; he shall not spare: so that there shall not be found in the bursting of it a sherd to take fire from the hearth, or to take water withal out of the pit.
(Isaiah 30:18) And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD is a God of judgment: blessed are all they that wait for him.
(Isaiah 30:22) Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, Get thee hence.
(Isaiah 30:23) Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.
(Isaiah 30:26) Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound.
(Isaiah 30:28) And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.
(Isaiah 30:29) Ye shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the LORD, to the mighty One of Israel.
(Isaiah 30:30) And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.
(Isaiah 30:33) For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; he hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it.
(Isaiah 31:1) Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay [rely] on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!
(Isaiah 31:3) Now the Egyptians are men, and not God; and their horses flesh, and not spirit. When the LORD shall stretch out his hand, both he that helpeth shall fall, and he that is holpen [helped] shall fall down, and they all shall fail together.
(Isaiah 31:4) For thus hath the LORD spoken unto me, Like as the lion and the young lion roaring on his prey, when a multitude of shepherds is called forth against him, he will not be afraid of their voice, nor abase himself for the noise of them: so shall the LORD of hosts come down to fight for mount Zion, and for the hill thereof.
(Isaiah 31:8) Then shall the Assyrian fall with the sword, not of a mighty man; and the sword, not of a mean man, shall devour him: but he shall flee from the sword, and his young men shall be discomfited.
(Isaiah 32:6) For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.
(Isaiah 33:1) Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou wast not spoiled; and dealest treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with thee! when thou shalt cease to spoil, thou shalt be spoiled; and when thou shalt make an end to deal treacherously, they shall deal treacherously with thee.
(Isaiah 33:15) He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood [bloodshed], and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;
Notice that good works are required for eternal redemption.
Based on this verse and others like it, I wonder how Christians think they are saved if they watch movies or TV or listen to some of the music they list to or play certain video games. The modern entertainment industry is incompatible with Christianity and should be boycotted by true followers of Christ.
Those who lived pure holy lives will dwell on high.
(Isaiah 33:20) Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken.
(Isaiah 34:4) And all the host of heaven [stars in the sky] shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host [stars] shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.
This refers to the final destruction of this universe as it is dissolved by fire at the second coming of Christ.Those who are alive on the earth at this time will see it. Certain apparitions have involved miraculous changes in the sun and its light — but this is no apparition.
Which way is down? toward the earth? Do the stars all fall toward the earth? From the vantage point of someone on the earth, every movement of every object will be in terms of the earth. Stars can either move sideways or toward the earth. They can't move away from the earth because, as mere dots of light, they can't get any smaller without disappearing altogether. Perhaps as the fabric of the universe and of physical space warps and deforms, perhaps an observer will think stars are falling to the earth.
(Isaiah 34:6) The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea [Edom].
No one interprets this verse literally — except me. If we pick and choose which verses are literal and which figurative we have gibberish; the Bible becomes meaningless as we assign whatever meaning we wish to the so-called figurative passages.
(Isaiah 34:11) But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it: and he shall stretch out upon it the [measuring] line of confusion [desolation], and the stones of emptiness.
(Isaiah 34:14) The wild beasts of the desert shall also meet with the wild beasts of the island, and the satyr shall cry to his fellow; the screech owl also shall rest there, and find for herself a place of rest.
Still talking about Edom. Birds and other animals will live there; but not humans.
(Isaiah 35:2) It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, and the excellency of our God.
(Isaiah 35:8) And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein.
(Isaiah 36:2) And the king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem unto king Hezekiah with a great army. And he stood by the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field.
(Isaiah 36:7) But if thou say to me, We trust in the LORD our God: is it not he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar?
(Isaiah 36:11) Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not to us in the Jews' language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.
(Isaiah 36:12) But Rabshakeh said, Hath my master sent me to thy master and to thee to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit upon the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you?
(Isaiah 36:16) Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;
(Isaiah 36:22) Then came Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, that was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
(Isaiah 37:3) And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.
(Isaiah 37:4) It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that is left.
(Isaiah 37:6) And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say unto your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.
(Isaiah 37:22) This is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee.
(Isaiah 37:24) By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, and the forest of his Carmel.
(Isaiah 37:26) Hast thou not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities into ruinous heaps.
(Isaiah 37:27) Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded: they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as corn blasted before it be grown up.
(Isaiah 37:29) Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.
(Isaiah 37:30) And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof.
(Isaiah 37:36) Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.
(Isaiah 37:38) And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.
(Isaiah 38:1) In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came unto him, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Set thine house in order: for thou shalt die, and not live.
(Isaiah 38:8) Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by which degrees it was gone down.
(Isaiah 38:12) Mine age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent: I have cut off like a weaver my life: he will cut me off with pining sickness: from day even to night wilt thou make an end of me.
(Isaiah 39:2) And Hezekiah was glad of them, and shewed them the house of his precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious ointment, and all the house of his armour, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah shewed them not.
(Isaiah 39:3) Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country unto me, even from Babylon.
(Isaiah 39:6) Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD.
(Isaiah 40:9) O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God!
(Isaiah 40:12) Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the hills in a balance?
(Isaiah 40:22) It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers; that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in:
If you are on a small hill looking over on the horizon it will appear to be a circle as you slowly spin around 360 degrees. Just as we look down upon grasshoppers and they are unaware of our existence, so also with God looking upon us. I doubt if the image of the curtain refers to the big bang and the expansion of the universe. Probably has something to do with the motion of the clouds or of the Milky Way galaxy seen on a clear night. The clouds are above us just as the roof of a tent is above.
(Isaiah 40:24) Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.
(Isaiah 40:26) Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth.
(Isaiah 40:28) Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, that the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? there is no searching of his understanding.
God created the whole earth, not just part of it.
(Isaiah 41:2) Who raised up the righteous man from the east, called him to his foot, gave the nations before him, and made him rule over kings? he gave them as the dust to his sword, and as driven stubble to his bow.
(Isaiah 41:7) So the carpenter encouraged the goldsmith, and he that smootheth with the hammer him that smote the anvil, saying, It is ready for the sodering: and he fastened it with nails, that it should not be moved.
Abraham came from Ur, at the "ends of the earth", meaning, from a long way away, from outside of Palestine.
(Isaiah 41:22) Let them bring them forth, and shew us what shall happen: let them shew the former things, what they be, that we may consider them, and know the latter end of them; or declare us things for to come.
(Isaiah 41:25) I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call upon my name: and he shall come upon princes as upon morter, and as the potter treadeth clay.
(Isaiah 41:26) Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know? and beforetime, that we may say, He is righteous? yea, there is none that sheweth, yea, there is none that declareth, yea, there is none that heareth your words.
(Isaiah 42:5) Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:
Scientist types often use this verse to prove the Bible is trustworthy. Their reasoning is as follows: Since science now demonstrates that the universe is expanding, therefore, the Bible is trustworthy since this verse speaks of the heavens being stretched out. But unfortunately, this verse is not discussing the big bang nor the expansion of the universe, rather, it refers to the expanse of the sky above and of the earth below our feet. It is as if these are stretched out and spread forth because they are so big.
The word "heavens" refers to the sky and the visible universe with the sun, moon, planets, stars, and galaxies; in other words, what you see when you look up on a cloudless day or night. God created all this, and the earth as well. He created all the plant life upon the earth and the animal life. He even created us humans.
Note that God gives both breath and spirit to humans. In Genesiswe learned that the giving of breath was the same thing as the giving of life. I doubt if the word "spirit" refers to anything other than this: that God created humans including the souls of humans — he gave them breath and spirit, in other words, he made them to be living creatures. Some use verses such as these to prove that humans are composed of body, soul, and spirit; but it is easy to find counter examples that we are body and soul.
(Isaiah 42:16) And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
(Isaiah 42:22) But this is a people robbed and spoiled; they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses: they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, Restore.
(Isaiah 42:25) Therefore he hath poured upon him the fury of his anger, and the strength of battle: and it hath set him on fire round about, yet he knew not; and it burned him, yet he laid it not to heart.
(Isaiah 43:2) When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
The earth doesn't have ends or corners. Whatever the phrase "ends of the earth" means, it is not nearby.
(Isaiah 43:9) Let all the nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and shew us former things? let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, It is truth.
(Isaiah 43:10) Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me.
Isaiah reminds the people about their divine heritage. They are witnesses for two reasons: (1) they experienced first-hand God's miraculous work, and (2) other nations and people saw God's work and glory through his dealings with them. The nation of Israel is God's servant because God has chosen them for his purpose; they bring the light of God to the world. One reason God chose the Israelites to this special role is so they themselves could know God and trust in him in faith. Thus, being a prophet or messenger for God has certain benefits, although it often brings additional hardship as well. Idols are formed and fashioned; God is not; this was an important message for the people of that day. In this modern world secular people don't manufacture idols to worship as a form of religion but they still need to see God working through a chosen people. This should be the Church but, unfortunately, Christians spend so much time fighting among each other and emphasizing their particular denominational distinctives that the world finds it hard to take it too seriously. Also, the ever-more-popular word-faith, health-wealth, pop psychology, and seeker sensitive emphasis of many churches draws people away from true apostolic Christianity.
(Isaiah 43:23) Thou hast not brought me the small cattle of thy burnt offerings; neither hast thou honoured me with thy sacrifices. I have not caused thee to serve with an offering, nor wearied thee with incense.
(Isaiah 43:24) Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou filled me with the fat of thy sacrifices: but thou hast made me to serve with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thine iniquities.
(Isaiah 44:7) And who, as I, shall call, and shall declare it, and set it in order for me, since I appointed the ancient people? and the things that are coming, and shall come, let them shew unto them.
(Isaiah 44:11) Behold, all his fellows shall be ashamed: and the workmen, they are of men: let them all be gathered together, let them stand up; yet they shall fear, and they shall be ashamed together.
(Isaiah 44:12) The smith with the tongs both worketh in the coals, and fashioneth it with hammers, and worketh it with the strength of his arms: yea, he is hungry, and his strength faileth: he drinketh no water, and is faint.
(Isaiah 44:13) The carpenter stretcheth out his rule; he marketh it out with a line; he fitteth it with planes, and he marketh it out with the compass, and maketh it after the figure of a man, according to the beauty of a man; that it may remain in the house.
(Isaiah 44:15) Then shall it be for a man to burn: for he will take thereof, and warm himself; yea, he kindleth it, and baketh bread; yea, he maketh a god, and worshippeth it; he maketh it a graven image, and falleth down thereto.
(Isaiah 44:19) And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree?
(Isaiah 44:23) Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done it: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
(Isaiah 44:24) Thus saith the LORD, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am the LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
(Isaiah 44:26) That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:
(Isaiah 45:1) Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;
(Isaiah 45:8) Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.
(Isaiah 45:9) Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
(Isaiah 45:14) Thus saith the LORD, The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.
(Isaiah 45:18) For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.
(Isaiah 45:20) Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.
(Isaiah 45:21) Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.
God wants to save everyone, even those living outside of Israel.
(Isaiah 46:7) They bear him upon the shoulder, they carry him, and set him in his place, and he standeth; from his place shall he not remove: yea, one shall cry unto him, yet can he not answer, nor save him out of his trouble.
(Isaiah 47:8) Therefore hear now this, thou that art given to pleasures, that dwellest carelessly, that sayest in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me; I shall not sit as a widow, neither shall I know the loss of children:
(Isaiah 47:9) But these two things shall come to thee in a moment in one day, the loss of children, and widowhood: they shall come upon thee in their perfection for the multitude of thy sorceries, and for the great abundance of thine enchantments.
(Isaiah 47:10) For thou hast trusted in thy wickedness: thou hast said, None seeth me. Thy wisdom and thy knowledge, it hath perverted thee; and thou hast said in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me.
(Isaiah 47:11) Therefore shall evil come upon thee; thou shalt not know from whence it riseth: and mischief shall fall upon thee; thou shalt not be able to put it off: and desolation shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou shalt not know.
(Isaiah 47:12) Stand now with thine enchantments, and with the multitude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast laboured from thy youth; if so be thou shalt be able to profit, if so be thou mayest prevail.
(Isaiah 47:13) Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from these things that shall come upon thee.
(Isaiah 47:14) Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: there shall not be a coal to warm at, nor fire to sit before it.
(Isaiah 48:1) Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the LORD, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.
(Isaiah 48:5) I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.
(Isaiah 48:8) Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.
(Isaiah 48:20) Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; say ye, The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob.
(Isaiah 49:5) And now, saith the LORD that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel be not gathered, yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength.
(Isaiah 49:6) And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
(Isaiah 49:7) Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, and the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.
(Isaiah 49:8) Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;
Do the heavens and earth and mountains literally sing? Of course they do!All objects in the physical realm have a corresponding spiritual object in the spiritual realm.Just like in the cartoons, these spiritual heavens and earth and mountains dance and sing giving glory to their creator God. In the spiritual realm everything is alive; the spirit is alive. Only in the physical realm do we find non-living, inert objects.
Why should the heavens and earth and mountains care what happens to God's people or to the afflicted? The answer: Any living thing if it is truly spiritually activated will be concerned with the same things God is concerned about. God wishes only the best for everyone. He wishes to comfort those in need and to show mercy upon the afflicted. Ultimately, in the new heavens and new earthGod will fulfill all his plans and purposes for the human race.
(Isaiah 49:18) Lift up thine eyes round about, and behold: all these gather themselves together, and come to thee. As I live, saith the LORD, thou shalt surely clothe thee with them all, as with an ornament, and bind them on thee, as a bride doeth.
(Isaiah 49:21) Then shalt thou say in thine heart, Who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone; these, where had they been?
(Isaiah 49:22) Thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I will lift up mine hand to the Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people: and they shall bring thy sons in their arms, and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders.
(Isaiah 49:23) And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me.
(Isaiah 49:25) But thus saith the LORD, Even the captives of the mighty shall be taken away, and the prey of the terrible shall be delivered: for I will contend with him that contendeth with thee, and I will save thy children.
(Isaiah 49:26) And I will feed them that oppress thee with their own flesh; and they shall be drunken with their own blood, as with sweet wine: and all flesh shall know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.
(Isaiah 50:1) Thus saith the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.
(Isaiah 50:2) Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because there is no water, and dieth for thirst.
(Isaiah 50:4) The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.
(Isaiah 50:10) Who is among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
(Isaiah 50:11) Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass yourselves about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
(Isaiah 51:3) For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.
(Isaiah 51:6) Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
(Isaiah 51:11) Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.
(Isaiah 51:13) And forgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?
(Isaiah 51:16) And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou art my people.
(Isaiah 51:22) Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God that pleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, even the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again:
(Isaiah 51:23) But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.
(Isaiah 52:1) Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
(Isaiah 52:5) Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl, saith the LORD; and my name continually every day is blasphemed.
(Isaiah 52:7) How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth!
In the future God would provide a plan of redemption for everyone, even those outside of God's covenant with Israel.
(Isaiah 52:15) So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see; and that which they had not heard shall they consider.
Isaiah calls attention to God's activities in providing redemption. We both see his actions and hear his gospel.
(Isaiah 53:2) For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.
Christ in the incarnation took human form, first as a fetus etc., just as plant seedlings sprout from seeds. But his conception was miraculous, injected into Mary's womb by the Holy Spirit.
Jesus' appearance was different than other celebrities; he came to do God's will, not focus attention on himself. But of course we do focus our attention on him in worship and praise. We do not desire Christ because of his worldly activities but, rather, because of his redemptive work on our behalf.
I doubt if this verse is saying Jesus was ugly, although during his scourging and crucifixion he was probably painful to look at.
In supreme humility Jesus allowed his person to be publicly reviled and insulted just as God was by the wicked. He endured this mistreatment but with much sorrow; he desires the best for each of us.
From our sin we experience guilt and shame when in God's presence. Better to experience these feelings before final judgment while we have opportunity to beg forgiveness. Just as Adam and Eve hid from God after they ate the forbidden fruit, so do us in original sin hide.
So many misunderstood Jesus. They saw his torture and crucifixion as evidence of God's disregard for him; if Jesus were truly of God he would live a life of glory and esteem.
Jesus suffered the indignities and abuses of Satan. By enduring this bad treatment, Jesus provoked God's wrath upon Satan; Jesus broke Satan's power over that part of the spiritual realmunder his control, that part associated with the created universeand with humanity.
Redemption required suffering and death on the part of the redeemer. Some wrong views...
In wandering away from God's presence, in being immersed in original sin, we have lost our way. Notice the first thing that happened to Adam when he ate the forbidden fruit; he hid from God. This wandering away provoked God to provide a redeemer, a path to salvation, a plan of redemption.
Notice this verse does not say that God laid the punishment for our sins on Jesus; rather, the iniquity of us was laid on him. In becoming human, Jesus took on sinful human nature to deify it,to redeem it.
I wonder whether this is part of the reason Jesus was silent before his accusers, to fulfill this verse. Probably he was emotionally and physically exhausted; cold; in deep sorrow; in anguish of soul at man's inhumanity to man.
(Isaiah 53:8) He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare [consider, protest] his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
Jesus was arrested, imprisoned, judged, and killed; all this for the benefit of those he had come to redeem. No one came to his defense and no one stood up as witness to his true glory. Even today he is mocked and derided by many. Those of his generation were no better; those who believed in him hid for safety.
Jesus died just as all us wicked humans do. He was buried in the tomb of the rich man Joseph of Arimathea who gave up his ritual cleanliness to bury him.
If death is a punishment for original sin, Jesus certainly didn't deserve this fate. He was peaceful and spoke only truth. I think it's more accurate to say that death is a condition of this present universe; it was created to be a place of suffering and death.But the universe was created in such a way as it could be redeemed in the new heavens and new earthas an eternal utopia.
(Isaiah 53:10) Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
Jesus' work in providing redemption was effective and blesses billions of humans and untold trillions upon trillions of other creatures, all who have had to endure life in this universe of suffering and death.
God the Father was satisfied by the suffering of Jesus in providing for redemption. Some think this means that God's justice requires he torture and punish someone for original sin, and only Jesus could be tortured and punished adequately to provide redemption for all humans. This seems wrong to me.
God hears us when, in sorrow and suffering, we call out to him to save us. Jesus called out to God the Father to redeem the human race and all life in the universe when he endured the same kind of suffering experienced by everyone. Out of love for us, Jesus allowed himself to experience the worst of human misery so his heart's cry to the Lord would be genuine. How could God the Father resist answering this?
Notice Jesus provides redemption by his knowledge; he knows the eternal effect of original sin and, therefore, out of love for us, sacrifices himself to provide for redemption.
(Isaiah 53:12) Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
(Isaiah 54:1) Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the LORD.
(Isaiah 54:4) Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more.
(Isaiah 54:9) For this is as the waters of Noah unto me: for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee.
(Isaiah 54:10) For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but my kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed, saith the LORD that hath mercy on thee.
(Isaiah 54:17) No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper; and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn. This is the heritage of the servants of the LORD, and their righteousness is of me, saith the LORD.
(Isaiah 55:2) Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? and your labour for that which satisfieth not? hearken diligently unto me, and eat ye that which is good, and let your soul delight itself in fatness.
(Isaiah 55:5) Behold, thou shalt call a nation that thou knowest not, and nations that knew not thee shall run unto thee because of the LORD thy God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for he hath glorified thee.
God has thoughts. This should not surprise us since we have thought and God created us in his image. Thus, whatever we have, God also has. The converse is not true; God has many characteristics and attributes that we simply don't have. However, the content of our thoughts is different than God's. One reason for this is that our thoughts are filled with information from our senses and God does not experience each of our life events from within our skin. Another reason is because God is more busy with bigger, more glorious concerns than what we find to be so fascinating: our daily meals, our fashion, the daily news.
Just as the heavens, meaning the sun, moon, planets, stars, galaxies; these are "up" there, while the earth is "down" here; in like manner, God's ways are higher than ours. There is a gulf between our ways and our thoughts, and God's. But we should strive to think more like God thinks and to live more Godly and virtuous lives; he models the righteous life through his Son, Jesus Christ. And he has provided teaching about faith and morals for us to follow.
(Isaiah 55:10) For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth, and maketh it bring forth and bud, that it may give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:
(Isaiah 55:11) So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please, and it shall prosper in the thing whereto I sent it.
God's purpose and will is never thwarted. Whatever God wills, comes to pass. We might not see its success, but that is because we don't know what God has really decreed. We are looking only at our small particular benefit; God is looking to the grand big picture, including the ultimate destruction of sin and death. He has allowed Satan to influence this world, probably because he honors a covenant he made with him before Satan rebelled. Satan is taking advantage of this but God has outwitted him and will ultimately win the war. God is able to use Satan's rebellion to create billions of redeemed humans who never would have had this opportunity without an adversary opposing them.
God has a mouth, and a face.He has a manifestation in the spiritual realm and he appears there in many, many forms; some are creatures (such as human or animal characteristics), some highly symbolic (such as rock, fortress).
(Isaiah 55:13) Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off.
(Isaiah 56:3) Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to the LORD, speak, saying, The LORD hath utterly separated me from his people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree.
(Isaiah 56:6) Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant;
(Isaiah 56:7) Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.
(Isaiah 57:6) Among the smooth stones of the stream is thy portion; they, they are thy lot: even to them hast thou poured a drink offering, thou hast offered a meat offering. Should I receive comfort in these?
(Isaiah 57:8) Behind the doors also and the posts hast thou set up thy remembrance: for thou hast discovered thyself to another than me, and art gone up; thou hast enlarged thy bed, and made thee a covenant with them; thou lovedst their bed where thou sawest it.
(Isaiah 57:13) When thou criest, let thy companies deliver thee; but the wind shall carry them all away; vanity shall take them: but he that putteth his trust in me shall possess the land, and shall inherit my holy mountain;
(Isaiah 57:15) For thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.
(Isaiah 58:2) Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God.
(Isaiah 58:3) Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.
(Isaiah 58:5) Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?
(Isaiah 58:7) Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
(Isaiah 58:9) Then shalt thou call, and the LORD shall answer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;
(Isaiah 58:11) And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
(Isaiah 58:12) And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
(Isaiah 58:13) If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:
(Isaiah 58:14) Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.
This is a key verse. God does not reject us, we reject him. God is holy and cannot look upon sin.When we sin, we are repulsed away from God much as two magnets repel. Only in repenting can we again draw God near to us much as two magnets attract. Ultimately, those who end up spending eternity in hell do so because they refuse to draw near to God.
God literally has a face: in the physical realm this is the face of Jesus, in the spiritual realm he has many attributes; some like humans, some like animals, some like objects, some like ideas, some are manifestations of symbols.
God hears us when we call out to him. He is not deaf except when our sin renders him powerless to help. It's not that he doesn't hear us when we are steeped in sin but, rather, that we are asking sinful things, for selfish things. Sin is, by definition, that which opposes God's will so we can't expect to be opposing God at the same time we pray fine prayers to him. If our hearts are dirty, God knows this, and our prayers are hindered. Only in repentance can we ask God for the right things. Thus, if we are in sin the only prayer God will hear is, "Lord, forgive me for I am a sinner." Of course, without true repentance with works to prove it, God cannot hear even this prayer.
The usual interpretation of such passages as these is that they are using the figure of speech personification. But they can just as properly be interpreted strictly literally.
According to my system of Philosophy and Creative Frame view of the universe, all living things as well as ideas, symbols — all of life — exists only within the spiritual realm. The physical world is merely inert matter.
In addition, God is not merely an ethereal, gauzy, structureless Spirit; rather, he has various forms, all of which reside in the highest spiritual realm, in heaven. Likewise, us humans have form and structure in our soul. We have a spiritual body just as angels do. Our spiritual body interacts with God's spiritual forms and structures and thus God literally "hides his face from us." It's not a face composed of physical matter but one composed of spiritual substance.
(Isaiah 59:19) So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.
(Isaiah 59:21) As for me, this is my covenant with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and my words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever.
As in awakening from sleep in the morning sun, so also, our soul is to awaken upon encountering the Lord, upon hearing the gospel, the good news or redemption. In the spiritual realm, this good news literally is light; just as symbols have actual existence in the spiritual realm— they are not merely constructs of the mind.
This new covenant is not just for Jews. The word "kings" refers to non-Jewish rulers.
(Isaiah 60:5) Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear [in awe], and be enlarged [rejoice]; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted [brought] unto thee, the forces [riches] of the Gentiles shall come unto thee.
(Isaiah 60:6) The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries [camels] of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD.
(Isaiah 60:7) All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.
In the new heavens and new earththere will be a literal nation of Israel having a temple, temple worship, and sacrifices (animals will not be killed; there will be some sort of Eucharistic transformation like with Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac.) Those of the redeemed who had some sort of connection with Israel while alive will enjoy taking pilgrimage to Israel and to participate in temple worship. The 144,000 of Revelationare those particular 144,000 redeemed Jews who choose to dedicate there eternal life in the new heavens and new earthto living in Israel under the Mosaic Law. The last chapters of Ezekiel describe the literal details of this.
(Isaiah 60:9) Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
Notice in the new heavens and new earthdreams and aspirations which were thwarted while in this world will be actualized and fulfilled. Thus, we will enjoy the fulfillment of our every dream, the desires of our heart.
(Isaiah 60:14) The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee, The city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
A common theme is to list bad things and announce these will no longer occur.
Strictly literal.In the new heavens and new earththere will be procreation and child rearing. There will also be the dichotomy between God's chosen covenant nation Israel inhabiting Palestine and everyone else (the Gentiles). There will be rulership and political science.
(Isaiah 60:17) For brass [bronze] I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass [bronze], and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.
Those having charge over us in this current world are all-too-often warlike, exploitive, deceitful, and conniving; and they tax and oppress us unjustly. There will be none of this in the new heavens and new earth.
Those teaching a literal 1,000 yearutopian millennium kingdom will have trouble with this verse. How is it possible for violence to be eradicated until sin, wickedness, and evil are exterminated permanently?
Especially in those pre-modern days, the darkness of nighttime, especially with no moon, was a serious hardship.
What a joy to not have to deal with unrighteous people, especially those actively promoting wickedness or who have destroyed their lives through serious substance abuse.
In the new heavens and new eartheveryone will succeed in their plans. There will be no limits to the amount of space we have on a finite planet. There will be nations, businesses, trade, agriculture, artisans.
(Isaiah 61:1) The Spirit of the Lord GOD is upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;
Notice judgment lasts a day while God's favor lasts a year. Of course, God's favor really lasts forever; he renews this year of favor every year. But once he judges someone to eternity in the lake of fire,he is finished with them.
(Isaiah 61:3) To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
In providing eternal redemption, God replaces the bad things of this world with good; all this, to bring glory to God. In blessing us, God brings glory to himself. We should accept it, that God is glorious. In every event and activity of life, we should acknowledge God's glory.
In the new heavens and new earthsome people will work for others, in this case, for Israel. I think the idea is that, formerly, the people of Israel (as judgment for their sin) were servants and slaves of other nations, but once redeemed it will be the other way around; non-Israelites will work for Israel. This is because people will willingly choose to interact with God's covenant nation Israel as a blessing to themselves and to God.
The 144,000 Israelites who live in the land of Israel for all of eternity in the new heavens and new earthwill be objects of devotion to God. In other words, non-Jews will come to Jerusalem to offer gifts and to participate in the temple worship. The idea is that by loving what God loves you express love for God. This is similar to various Catholic devotions to Mary, the Saints, and formalized devotions such as the Sacred Heart, Divine Mercy Chaplet, etc.
The bad things received in life at the hand of their enemies (shame, disgrace, humiliation, confusion) will be repaid with good, with a double portion of good (actually a lot more than double.)
It's hard to believe the priests used the sacrifices as an opportunity to rob the people, perhaps referring to something like the money changers of Jesus' day.But there are many examples in Church history of corrupt leaders exploiting the people.
This extended prophecy is directed specifically to those of Israel so it addresses topics meaningful only to them.
(Isaiah 61:10) I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
(Isaiah 61:11) For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.
(Isaiah 62:1) For Zion's sake will I not hold my peace, and for Jerusalem's sake I will not rest, until the righteousness thereof go forth as brightness, and the salvation thereof as a lamp that burneth.
(Isaiah 62:4) Thou shalt no more be termed Forsaken; neither shall thy land any more be termed Desolate: but thou shalt be called Hephzibah, and thy land Beulah: for the LORD delighteth in thee, and thy land shall be married.
(Isaiah 62:8) The LORD hath sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give thy corn to be meat for thine enemies; and the sons of the stranger shall not drink thy wine, for the which thou hast laboured:
(Isaiah 63:1) Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
(Isaiah 63:3) I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
(Isaiah 63:7) I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, and the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
(Isaiah 63:11) Then he remembered the days of old, Moses, and his people, saying, Where is he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where is he that put his holy Spirit within him?
(Isaiah 63:15) Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where is thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?
(Isaiah 64:5) Thou meetest him that rejoiceth and worketh righteousness, those that remember thee in thy ways: behold, thou art wroth; for we have sinned: in those is continuance, and we shall be saved.
(Isaiah 65:7) Your iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together, saith the LORD, which have burned incense upon the mountains, and blasphemed me upon the hills: therefore will I measure their former work into their bosom.
(Isaiah 65:8) Thus saith the LORD, As the new wine is found in the cluster, and one saith, Destroy it not; for a blessing is in it: so will I do for my servants' sakes, that I may not destroy them all.
(Isaiah 65:12) Therefore will I number you to the sword, and ye shall all bow down to the slaughter: because when I called, ye did not answer; when I spake, ye did not hear; but did evil before mine eyes, and did choose that wherein I delighted not.
(Isaiah 65:13) Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed:
(Isaiah 65:16) That he who blesseth himself in the earth shall bless himself in the God of truth; and he that sweareth in the earth shall swear by the God of truth; because the former troubles are forgotten, and because they are hid from mine eyes.
The new heavens and new earth is the final goal of human life.Most Christians seem to think that our final goal is heaven, but it is hard to understand why since the Bible never says this. Instead, it states that it is the new heavens and new earth where we will spend eternity with God.
This verse does not say that in the new heavens and new earth we will have no memories of our life in this world. It is contrasting the troubles we have in this life with the freedom from troubles in the future eternal life. In the new heavens and new earth somehow bad memories will be erased while retaining good memories. We will see things as God sees them. I don't think God sees any of the bad things that occur in this world, rather, I think he sees the opportunity to make good come out of it. As modern managers love to say when they encounter problems, difficulties, and troubles; "We have an opportunity here." As annoying as this quaint euphemism is (they have effectively rendered two words meaningless: problems and opportunity), I think it aptly highlights God's perspective on things.
(Isaiah 65:20) There shall be no more thence [from there] an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed.
At first reading this verse appears to say that people will die in the new heavens and new earthbut it doesn't actually say this. Most commentators who claim to interpret the Bible literally to support their views of the millennium and the rapture interpret this verse in a most arbitrary or allegoricalmanner. Even though the direct context is the new heavens and new earth, they claim this refers to the Church or to the 1,000 yearmillennium. My view is truly literal, strictly literal.
Isaiah compares conditions in the present sinful world (this world) with the utopia of the eternal new heavens and new earth (that world)...
(Isaiah 65:22) They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands.
(Isaiah 65:25) The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent's meat [food]. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD.
This is still talking about conditions in the new heavens and new earth. There are wild animals and domesticated animals. Animals do not hurt humans nor do they eat each other anymore.
The word "heaven" refers to the spiritual realm, in fact, to the highest level of the spiritual realm where God resides, in which God has his being. God manifests his glory in the spiritual realm just as someone sits on a throne. This image is literal, not figurative.God acts out his interactions with the created order of spiritual and physical in tangible (but spiritual) ways. Thus God sits, speaks, walks, etc.
(Isaiah 66:2) For all those things hath mine hand made, and all those things have been, saith the LORD: but to this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
(Isaiah 66:3) He that killeth an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, as if he offered swine's blood; he that burneth incense, as if he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
(Isaiah 66:4) I also will choose their delusions, and will bring their fears upon them; because when I called, none did answer; when I spake, they did not hear: but they did evil before mine eyes, and chose that in which I delighted not.
(Isaiah 66:5) Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the LORD be glorified: but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed.
(Isaiah 66:8) Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.
(Isaiah 66:12) For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream: then shall ye suck, ye shall be borne upon her sides, and be dandled upon her knees.
(Isaiah 66:14) And when ye see this, your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like an herb: and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, and his indignation toward his enemies.
(Isaiah 66:17) They that sanctify themselves, and purify themselves in the gardens behind one tree in the midst, eating swine's flesh, and the abomination, and the mouse, shall be consumed together, saith the LORD.
(Isaiah 66:19) And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
(Isaiah 66:20) And they shall bring all your brethren for an offering unto the LORD out of all nations upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD, as the children of Israel bring an offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD.
(Isaiah 66:24) And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.
King James Version