Genesis is the book of generations...
I accept that Moses wrote the book of Genesis and the other books of the Torah. He probably referred to various other writings. Probably later copyists modified the text thinking to improve it. I accept the Bible as the inspired, inerrant, and infallible word of God; this includes both Old and New Testaments. But I should note that not all the stories in the Bible are of things God would approve of.
This is not the beginning of God, nor of the angels. It refers to the beginning of the universe and the creatures that live on the earth.
The word "heaven" or "heavens" has several meanings...
Some various spiritual realms (all referred to by the word heaven)...
At first the earth was without form; it was a mere swirling mass of gases, dust, and elements produced inside stars and supernovae and ejected into the universe during energetic explosions. These clumped together via gravity and static electricity and finally became a semi-solid sphere, then cooled becoming solid in the center.
The earth is without form yet there is a surface of the deep, a face of the waters. This implies two things...
According to some scientific theories of geologic history, the earth was once in this exact condition maybe three and a half billion years ago, a billion years after first forming.
Notice the presence of the Holy Spirit at the earth's surface. This indicates that everything concerning life and salvation would occur in that thin coating of the earth's surface. This is true; there is no life deep within the earth nor above the atmosphere.
At this point the earth was empty of life.
At first, dust and clouds in the atmosphere prevented the sun's light from reaching the earth's surface.Eventually this thinned and the light could then reach the surface of the ocean waters through the clouds and fog. There was no direct sunlight since this thick layer of cloud and fog still covered the entire earth, but light did get through.
Yes, the light from the sun is good. It provides the energy for all life on earth.
God looks down upon the universe he created and determines whether it is good or not.
If there were anyone on the surface of the earth to notice (the Holy Spirit hovering over the surface of the water notices,) looking up through the thick fog they would see it get dark each night and light each day just as it does today even when it is cloudy and foggy. The light of the sun penetrates even thick fog.
After a long while, the cloud layer thinned and finally there were patches of clear sky. Once the fog lifted you could clearly distinguish the layer of liquid water (the oceans) from the visible condensed water vapor (the clouds) in the sky.
The vapor canopy theory proposed by some young-earth creationists is absurd. It attempts to explain the source of the water of Noah's flood by impossibly placing it poised high in the sky. Also, in verse 14we see that the sun, moon, and stars are also in the firmament which contradicts their whole theory.
The fog lifted from the surface of the earth becoming clouds.
The text neglects to mention that the activities on the second day of creation are good. I doubt if there is any significance to this non-mention.
Finally under the influence of plate tectonics, the continents rose up out of the water.
The Bible ignores the first life forms: bacteria and other single-celled organisms, and small sea creatures not normally noticed by humans. The Bible is clearly written from a human-centric viewpoint, only addressing topics of interest to humans at the time the books were written. The Bible is not a scientific treatise.
This section is exceptionally wordy and repetitive.
The lights referred to are the sun, moon, and stars. In verse 6we see that the firmament is below the clouds but here we see it is in space. Perhaps the word firmament merely refers to the space between things.
The era of continual cloud cover ends and the sun, moon, and stars become visible, just like today.
The previous is restated. The light from the sun overwhelms all other light in the day, and the light from the full moon overwhelms the light from the stars at night.
This verse highlights a question of interpreting the Bible: does the word "rule" really mean "overwhelm"? The question is, what does any particular word really mean? In my view we must accept the meanings of words to be those of the writer, including flowery and idiomatic uses. But we must interpret the Bible strictly literallyand reject the many allegoricaland typologicalsystems in common use among those claiming to interpret the Bible literally.
The light from the moon at night would be very important to early man.
Sea creatures and birds.
(Genesis 1:21) And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
Humans have filled the earth and must stop being fruitful and multiplying. We must live in a sustainable manner.
Young earth creationists make a lot of the word "kind" since they must support the notion that only microevolution is possible; that new species do not arise via genetic mutations except via microevolution within the category of "kinds".
(Genesis 1:26) And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.
Humans were created in the image of God. Because of this, Jesus was able to take on human nature in the incarnation since human nature was already in God's image. In doing so, Jesus deified human natureand made it part of the divine nature. We will experience this to the full in the new heavens and new earth.Having human nature means we have the ability to discern right from wrong; we are moralcreatures accountable for our actions.
Notice that God is plural; God is a Trinity of persons.
We were created to have dominion over the animals and the earth. This means we are to live on the earth in a sustainablemanner in which we don't over-exploit resources. This means we are not to torture animals in the laboratory and in farms and dairies.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam" but here it clearly refers to humans.
The first modern humans of 200,000 years ago were created in God's image.Adam was not the first modern human as he only appeared about 10,000 B.C. after agriculture and the domestication of animals had appeared.
Perhaps what was new about Adam was his longevity, that he would live to be nearly 1,000 years old.
God created humans in his image. He created humans as procreative creatures. Thus, marriage and childrearing is a central part of humanity. Throughout much of world history and in some societies even today, women have inferior status and are not respected as equals. This violates God's intention in creating us.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam" but here it clearly refers to humans.
This does not refer to the creation of Adam and Eve but, rather, to the first humans about 200,000 years ago via "normal" evolutionary processes. God directed a stray particle of radiation just so to one of the reproductive cells (gamete) of a pre-human homonid and this modified gamete just happened to be the one that joined with the other gamete and began cell division as a zygote. The same thing occurred several times until finally there was a stable population of modern humans.
(Genesis 1:28) And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
Modern humans are the species that now dominate the world, not one of the pre-human homonids; these are now extinct.
(Genesis 1:29) And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat [food].
If Lucifer were not involved in the activities of this world, humans would have never eaten meat; neither will we in the new heavens and new earth.Adam and Eve were farmers and ranchers in the garden of Eden;after the fall, God taught them to also kill animals as sacrifice. These sacrificed animals were used for clothing and food— why let the meat go to waste? Even the Levites ate the sacrificed animals.
Vegetarians often use this verse to prove God wants us to be vegetarian, but Abel's regular animal sacrificespleasing to God refutes this. They sacrificed and butchered and, presumably, ate animals obtained by hunting.
This verse refers to the elements of agriculture which God knew provided the basis of civilization. Civilization is not possible without a dependable food source so that people can settle into cities.
(Genesis 1:30) And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat [food]: and it was so.
The animals had been eating each other for food since they were created, but this was not God's original plan for them, it was a corruption engineered by Satan.In the new heavens and new earththey will no longer eat each other; neither will humans eat meat or kill.
This verse refers mainly to the animals that humans domesticated; these are vegetarians. Cattle, sheep, turkeys, etc. are all vegetarian. Well okay, birds eat worms. But their food is not meat in the sense referred to here; they don't eat mammals nor even reptiles.
Everything God created from days 1 to 6 is good; not just good but very good. It's hard to understand how people can claim humans are not good; certainly original sin tainted us all but it did not completely negate the goodness God observed.
At the time the first humans appeared, most of this work of creating the earth and the species was finished. All that work lasted about 4.6 billion years; since the first humans it has been maybe 200,000 years,only 0.004 percent of the time since the earth took shape.
Young-earth creationists who claim that the literal reading of the phrase "x-th day" refers to a 24-hour day suddenly change their interpretation procedure and here interpret the phrase "seventh day" as figurative; not a 24-hour day at all but an age still continuing even today.
The final stage of God's plan of redemption was complete: the creation of humans in the image of God, capable of choosing him or rejecting him, capable of living in holiness or of sinning, all via free-will choices.
(Genesis 2:5) NKJV: before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground.
This verse refers to the time before there were plants and before there was rain and before there were humans (or any other living things.)
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam".
At this time there was mist but not rain. This refers to the time when the earth was covered in a thick fog.
Yes, it can rain when it's foggy but this verse is not referring to that. It contrasts the time the earth was covered in a thick fog with the time of Adam and Eve when there was sunshine and rain. During the foggy era the mist from the fog caused the ground to be wet; by the time of Adam and Eve the earth became wet mainly because of rain.
We should wonder why the writer found this detail to be so fascinating as to spend two verses on it. Perhaps it's because Adam and Eve were farmers in the garden of Eden and farmers are very concerned about rain.
Man is a living soul with a body.Our bodies are formed out of the same stuff as the dust of the ground; the various elements of the universe. What gives us life is the breath of life which God breathes into us.
Note that this breath of life is in some way connected with breathing; in fact, the Holy Spirit is often referred to as breath. The eastern philosophy of yoga considers the life-force to reside within the breath and they employ breathing practices to attune their minds to God's presence. The Bible mentions none of this so it is either: (1) just plain wrong, or (2) dangerous (because wicked spirits can harm us), or (3) useless to living a life pleasing to God.
Christians often claim that the Holy Spirit enters a person upon their receiving Christ as savior, but note here that the Spirit of God enters them upon them becoming a living soul. In other words, without the indwelling of the power of the Holy Spirit, all life would cease to live.
Notice that God does not breathe the breath of life into the animals, or at least it is not mentioned. This is not mentioned of the creation of Eve either but, clearly, Eve had the same characteristics as Adam. Therefore, we should not make too much of this non-mention.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam". Perhaps it means humans rather than the person named "Adam". At conception each person acquires a physical body and a soul having the breath of life from God.
Eden and the garden are two distinct things. Eden is a region and the garden is located within it.
The garden of Eden was near Tabriz, Iran in what is now Osku.
Notice that the garden is east of somewhere. Tabriz is indeed east of Israel so it was east of Moses when he wrote these words.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam".
The wording of this verse implies either (1) that God created Adam in one location but moved him to the garden of Eden, or (2) that humans migrated to the location of Eden. The Hebrew does not say "the man" but merely "man".
Adam is not the ancester of all modern humans; agriculture developed at around the same time in other parts of the world. Adam was merely the father of God's plan of redemption. Ultimately the Messiah would be Adam's descendant. But neither Adam nor Eve were genetically superior in any way; they were just average modern humans as we all are today and as the modern humans before them were for 190,000 years until Adam appeared about 10,000 B.C.
(Genesis 2:9) And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
The significance of the fact that humans forever have the knowledge of good and evil can be understood by referring to conditions in the new heavens and new earth,this occurring after evil is cast into the lake of fire.
In this current universe there is evil and wickedness as the spiritual powers of darkness have invaded the spiritual realm our souls reside in. Thus, we are aware of evil. Redemption is God's plan for removing evil, for judging it. After that we will be safe. I think if Adam and Eve had rejected evil that God would have redeemed the universe right then. But they choose to be aware of both good and evil, to live with both, to experience pain and suffering, sin and evil, and death.
In the new heavens and new earth will be the new Jerusalemhaving gates that are always open, meaning there will be no enemies. As people come into the city they will notice the open gates; will be aware that enemies have been vanquished; will glorify God that he has provided for their safety and protection.
The phrase "from there it was parted" is only one word in the Hebrew. Also, the phrase "became into four heads" is also only one word in the Hebrew. Perhaps the true meaning is that this river that waters the garden is separate from the four headwaters mentioned but that they are all in close proximity to one another such that a large storm system rains water into all five rivers. The actual sentence might read: "And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; separated four heads."
In studying about the four rivers I encountered many articles in which the writer used the meaning of the names of the rivers as a source of sermon material, usually via allegory(an example: "This river may be an emblem of the everlasting love of God, that pure river of water of life.") Certainly many names in the Bible have a meaning based on the related events but using the names of these rivers this way seems unnatural; you may as well use the dictionary as the source of your sermons!
The Pison River (named Ghezel Ozan River and other variations today) runs northwest from near Mt. Sahand, a mountain 25 miles south of Tabriz, Iran, and into the Caspian Sea. There are gold mines in the area. It flows from Mt. Cham Dagh to Miyanah (Mianeh) to Manjil to Rasht to the Caspian Sea.
It's hard to reconcile the reference to Ethiopia, the modern-day country in Africa, unless Eden is also in Africa. But the word "Ethopia" in the Bible is the same word as "Cush" which is in the mountains northeast of Tabriz, Iran, just south of the Aras River.
The modern-day River Aras is the Gihon River. It flows from the mountains of Turkey to Lake Arpi in Armenia, then along the border of Armenia and Turkey, then along the border of Azerbaijan and Turkey, then along the border of Azerbaijan and Iran, then along the border of Armenia and Iran, then along the border of Azerbaijan and Iran again to Sabirabad in Azerbaijan, then into the Caspian Sea.
The Tigris River starts on the west side of Assyria but travels south and east.
Here is an example of a writer long after Moses adding explanatory information to the text. There was no Assyria in Moses' time.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam".
The wording of this verse implies either (1) that God created Adam in one location but moved him to the garden of Eden, or (2) that humans migrated to the location of Eden. The Hebrew does not say "the man" but merely "man".
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam". The Hebrew does not say "the man" but merely "man".
The first divine law of God. God uses this law to test Adam and Eve, the first humans of redemption history, to determine whether they would remain faithful to God in the face of temptation. Human nature being weak, they failed the test.
I wonder why they never ate of the tree of life? Perhaps God's law scared them so they stayed away from all these special trees — except the one specifically forbidden them which captivated their thinking like an obsession.
I think if they would have eaten from the tree of life redemption history would have ended before it even began; Satan would have been judged and humans would have entered into the new heavens and new earth.
They would die the day they ate. Since they didn't die physically for hundreds of years after eating it, God is referring to spiritual death, separation from God's presence. After dying spiritually they would be in need of redemption.
Adam was very familiar with death; he had seen animals die, had probably eaten them, and had probably seen his fellow humans die.
Why would God use the word "die" to refer to spiritual death if Adam likely interpreted it as meaning physical death? Jesus does this on occasion also, says something he knows is being misunderstood by his hearers.When you think about this carefully it is true of all communication; no one really knows exactly what you are thinking when you speak. Only some of what we say is precisely understood. Perhaps God was content for Adam to know that disobedience of God's Law results in death. The details of whether eternal death for the unredeemed would occur in the far future was beyond what God wished to communicate.
Young earth creationists claim there was no death yet in the world until Adam transgressed.
Perhaps what was new about Adam was his longevity, that he would live to be nearly 1,000 years old. Perhaps he was originally created to never die, to always be under the protection of God as the redeemed will be in the new heavens and new earth.But in disobeying God's command he sealed his fate; one day he would die. Over the generations the lifespan of Adam's children slowly decreased until it became the same as the first modern humans who were created 200,000 years ago in Ethopia.
We moderns assume humans of the past lived only as long as us today but the book of Genesis disagrees. Science should take biblical claims more seriously and look for evidence of long lifespans in some humans. Perhaps long lifespans began only with Adam and his line, that the other modern humans before Adam and those not descended from Adam had short lifespans like us today.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam". The Hebrew does not say "the man" but merely "man".
Adam was single. Why would Adam need a wife if many people today can remain single for their whole lives?
Here's what I think happened: Adam was a member of a proto-agricultural tribe living down in the broad valley near Tabriz, Iran (the region of Eden). After Adam had learned all the farming and ranching skills of his tribe, God appeared to him with a special divine mission, much as the prophets of Old Testament Israel were specially called-out. I assume God appeared in human form as he did to Abraham and others. Adam took his sheep and his farming implements and some seeds and journeyed into the mountain valleys of Mt. Sahand, into the garden. There he worked by himself having regular appearances and interactions with God, and God taught him to live as a farmer and rancher. This knowledge was passed-on to his descendants.
The phrase "suitable helper" means far more than merely a servant but, rather, someone who makes you complete, who fulfills your purpose.
(Genesis 2:19) And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam".
The creatures referred to had been around for over 100 or 200 million years but the text reads as if they had just been created (just as young earth creationists claim). But the text does not specify the time interval; whether several days or hundreds of millions of years. It is very common in the Bible to string together events occurring at various time intervals without specifying the events occurring in between.
All creatures including humans were formed out of the ground, from the dust.
Language is an essential ingredient for civilization. God taught Adam a new way to think about the use of language. Language did not originate with Adam; the earliest modern humans of 200,000 years ago used language. Also, people in other parts of the world who were not descendants of Adam used language and developed civilizations but perhaps they were influenced by the knowledge God imparted to Adam; the rise of civilizations in Asia lagged behind those in the near east where Adam lived.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam".
The cattle in question are probably those domesticated by humans and used for food and materials including sheep, goats, and cattle. Animals were first domesticated about the time of Noah's flood, but agriculture began about the time of Adam.
Apparently God performed some sort of surgery on Adam to create Eve. A few points to consider...
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam". The Hebrew does not say "the man" but merely "man".
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam".
Some people make a lot of the distinction between "flesh and blood" and "flesh and bone," usually in the context of Christ's resurrection body having only flesh and bone.This verse contradicts their views since Adam and Eve both also have flesh and bone.
The Hebrew words for "man" and "woman" are similar, as they also are in English.
Apparently Adam knew the source of Eve's creation.
The establishment of the institution of marriage. Certainly the modern humans existing 190,000 years before Adam and Eve often likely had long-lasting family loyalty, but with Adam and Eve, with the beginning of redemption history, it becomes God's law.
Adam and Eve were married. There is no mention of a marriage ceremony; apparently marriage doesn't require this. It seems wrong that the Catholic Church insists you must be married with a big fancy institutional ceremony performed by priests.
It must have been a warm climate. Perhaps they used blankets when sleeping and perhaps they covered themselves with animal skins when it was cold, but there was no moral sense of shame associated with being naked.
Adam and Eve had already noticed the animals were crafty, that is to say, having emotions and intelligence. Everyone knows this about animals, and that is why people like pets, because they provide companionship. But this particular animal, the serpent, was more crafty.
My theory about this serpent is that it was a now-extinct species of reptile which walked upright; probably a left-over dinosaur, perhaps a walking bird such as the ostrich. This particular serpent was possessed by Satan himself. The souls of Adam and Eve could hear Satan speaking, and they assumed it was the serpent speaking.
Adam is probably looking on while Eve converses with the serpent.
Notice that Adam added to the word of God in telling Eve not to even touch the fruit.This is a common theme in religious practice; in an effort to protect people, rules are added to keep them away from danger. The problem is that the new rules do not express the reality of the situation. In this case, it is not the touching of the fruit that is the issue. The serpent probably corrected the teaching about the fruit and stated that it is okay to touch it, to which Adam agreed. Then the serpent had Eve touch the fruit. Adam's reputation as a source of truth was tarnished and Adam stood by dumbly; embarrassed while the serpent did his work. If Adam had not invented this false rule (this false doctrine), Satan would not have been able to use this trick.
We die daily because we finally die. Our entire life is shaped by the fact of our impending death. The risk of death is ever present in everything we do. In the New Heavens and New Earththere is no threat of death. Those whose mind and heart is firmly fixed on the future utopian life in the new heavens and new earth will live a different kind of life while in this life.
Notice that the serpent correctly quoted God's word but changed the meaning;they would not die physically, but spiritually. So technically it is correct to say both that they would die in that day but that they would not die. Rather than clearing up the possible confusion, Satan uses every trick he can to deceive.
Satan provides a false interpretation to God's word.Thus we see the principle that God's word requires proper interpretation. This implies that there be an infallible interpretation authority.The claim that the Bible is all that is needed is incorrect; we also need infallible interpretation. The many heresies throughout church history were based on the Bible.
All that Satan knows is how to be like God (or so he thinks). This is his driving passion and it is how he corrupts the human race. He thinks we want to be like God also.
It is hard to understand why knowing evil would be tempting to anyone. Perhaps Adam and Eve noticed that they were in a protective fog of ignorance, protected from the evil spirits by God's grace. In the New Heavens and New Earththe fog will be lifted once evil is vanquished.
(Genesis 3:6) And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
I think our modern civilization is making the same mistake in destroying the environment. We think we can do whatever we wish, chopping down all the trees, overfishing, over-grazing, dumping pollutants into the water and chemicals on the land to kill the pests.
The 3 enticing aspects...
Adam was not deceived by the serpent directly, but he allowed the serpent's deception and participated in it.If he was watching on as the serpent discussed the matter with Eve then he was certainly guilty of not caring for her well-being; perhaps he was secretly hoping to find out what would really happen if someone ate the fruit and he let Eve do it knowing she might fall down dead on the spot.
Those who claim there was no death before the fall have a real problem since God clearly told Adam he would die if he ate the fruit. This would mean nothing if Adam had not already witnessed death among the animals in the garden of Eden.
Probably the serpent came to Eve as she was standing in front of the tree wondering about it. To avoid sin we need to stay away from things that lead to sin.
When Adam noticed Eve didn't drop dead after eating the fruit (perhaps he waited a day to be sure), he realized that God had lied so he ate. At this moment sin entered into the world as Adam switched his loyalty from God to Satan. God withdrew his protective grace and us humans have been buffeted by the evil powers of darkness ever since.
The only way to a restored fellowship with God is to reverse the process; to believe God's word and obey it. Notice that just as God's command to avoid eating the fruit is rather arbitrary, so also is his sending Jesus as savior. Both of these are outside of normal natural occurrences; both originate in God's will and plan.
I find it odd they would suddenly be modest since primitive tribes in warm climates are not modest in this way. Perhaps they merely reverted to what their parents had taught them; I don't think Adam and Eve were the first modern humans to make clothing. Perhaps clothing was only used for warmth and protection before but now that they needed redemption, they felt weird unclothed.
I suppose this verse supports the centuries old notion of the Church that sex is bad; that desire is a bad effect of the fall. Certainly improper desire is a result of the fall but desire itself is a human attribute.Buddhism is wrong: desire is not bad.
Where did they learn to sew? Perhaps God had taught them all this already. Or perhaps God had taught Adam this. God must have spent a long time with Adam, teaching him to speak, teaching him about the various animals, etc. Perhaps Adam had spent many hours standing before the tree wondering about it, hoping to find out its mystery some day. The parents of Adam probably sewed; maybe God taught Adam better techniques.
These aprons or girdles covered the private parts. Perhaps part of this spiritual awakening of the human race to God's divine law involves awareness of the proper use of the reproductive facility. This is why misuse of it is so wrong. Our modern culture flaunts this misuse and renders such unseemly activities as if they were public spectacles for all the world to see.
(Genesis 3:8) And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.
God had a physical form and was speaking or singing as he walked in the garden. Some assume this is a manifestation of a pre-incarnate Jesus. Perhaps so. Or perhaps it is an apparition. Or an angel. Presumably it's the same thing Adam had experienced all along.
In disobeying God's command they became aware that God was in some way a threat to them; they became afraid of God.
God calls to Adam, not to Eve. Adam is the one accountable to pass on God's law which was given to him directly by God.
Adam was unaware he was naked until someone told him. Disobeying God's command made Adam aware of a voice from the spiritual realm that told him things. Previously, the dark aspects of the spiritual realm were off limits to humans. But now, the human souls in the spiritual realmbegan to mingle with the wicked spiritual beings who had invaded earth.
I wonder what it was like for the other humans all over the world? Perhaps they started having weird dreams and a spiritual awakening. Perhaps this was the dawn of religion, building on religious sentiments that had existed since modern humans first appeared about 200,000 years ago (cave paintings, burial of the dead with objects.)
Adam's response hints that he did indeed let Eve eat the fruit first knowing it might kill her, and that he secretly wanted to eat it too. Once he observed it didn't kill her, then he ate too. This also implies Adam witnessed the encounter with the serpent.
Apparently they were aware that some fruits and berries were poisonous. This knowledge would be passed-on from generation to generation in a hunter-gatherer society. Perhaps when a new potential food item was discovered someone would volunteer to eat it first and everyone would wait to see what happened.
People make much of the shifting of blame by Adam but notice that Adam doesn't actually blame Eve, he merely reports on the sequence of events. What he doesn't do is positively state that, yes, he disobeyed God's command. Adam seems to be hoping that God will forget about the command if he just doesn't mention it. Probably Adam is feeling shame for allowing Eve to be the one who tested the unknown fruit to see if it was poisonous or not.
Adam is aware that God gave Eve to Adam. He doesn't blame God for this as is usually assumed, he merely mentions the fact. Notice Adam is bonded to Eve because God gave her to him.
Eve merely reported the facts dispassionately. What she didn't say was that she disobeyed God's command.
The keys to asking for God's forgiveness in the face of sin...
Neither Adam nor Eve did any of these steps. They merely reported what occurred without reference to God's command nor to whether what they did was a disloyal act.
(Genesis 3:14) And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:
God doesn't ask the serpent what he did; he merely issues his judgment.
Perhaps this curse on that kind of serpent resulted in a rapid mutation due to a divinely-orchestrated gamma ray affecting the genes so that the offspring could no longer walk upright.
The cattlereferred to here are probably those domesticated by humans and used for food and materials including sheep, goats, and cattle. Animals were first domesticated about the time of Noah's flood, but agriculture began about the time of Adam.
(Genesis 3:16) Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
I think part of the reason men rule over their wives is because they are too pig-headed and stubborn to give them their proper respect. Another factor is communication; no one really knows what the other person wants so it is impossible to come to a plan agreeable to both. In the new heavens and new earththis will no longer be a problem.
Some translations admit the translation is literally "and thy conception" but they translate it as "in thy conception." The word "sorrow" is elsewhere translated as "toil."Nowhere else does the usage of these words express the idea of pain yet the common understand of this verse is that it refers to increased pain during childbirth.
This verse refers to sorrow relating to issues such as childbearing and childrearing, and to relations between spouses.
Adam and Eve are not cursed by God; only the serpent is cursed. God is merely describing what will occur now that humans invited Satan to extend his spiritual rule over the moral aspect of human souls. Everyone says Adam and Eve were cursed at the fall but they weren't. There is no curse resulting from the fall except to the serpent and to the ground.
Perhaps the mention of the rulership of husband over wife refers merely to the patriarchical societies which became the norm; of men dominating women.
(Genesis 3:17) And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
It's not because Adam listened to Eve that he is judged but rather, because he disobeyed God's command. Later we learn that Noah would comfort humans who must toil in sorrow because the ground was cursed of God.
Apparently, the garden of Eden was a farmers' paradise. Once ejected from the garden, farming would be much harder. They would always remember what they had before and wish they had it still.
Notice that Adam and Eve were farmers. Since agriculture began around 10,000 B.C., Adam and Eve appeared on the scene around that time. But modern humans had been around since 200,000 years ago so Adam was not the first human.
The word "herb" refers to agricultural products. But along with these were weeds.
It appears that God intended for humans to be vegetarians but the first modern humans 200,000 years ago were hunter-gatherers.Adam and Eve were farmers and ranchers. Finally, in the new heavens and new earth, things will be as God originally intended.
Our fate as fallen humans is to struggle and suffer in this life.
At death the physical body become dust again. Until then we must struggle and toil to earn a living.
This predicament did not begin at the fall, even modern humans before Adam had to struggle and toil. The difference with Adam is that he could have ended it by choosing to eat of the tree of life. If he had done that, Satan would have been judged and the new heavens and new earthwould have started then.
The word "Eve" means life or living. She was not the ancestor of all life, for example of animals, but only of modern humans after the age of redemption began. Notice the word "all" doesn't mean each and every last onebut rather, all of the category referred to; in this case, all humans who are descendants of Eve.
It is hard to believe God didn't want them to kill animals to use for clothing and for food; that this killing of an animal was just a one time occurrence. Probably, they watched on as God did this and this is how they learned to sacrifice animals, how to butcher them, how to prepare clothing and food from them — or at least improved techniques.
Those who wish to prove we are to be vegetarian neglect to consider the implications of this verse.
(Genesis 3:22) And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:
God as Trinity knows good and evil. The difference between God and humans is that God is unpolluted by the powers of darkness, in fact, God cannot even look upon evil. Humans, however, are tangled-up in Satan's kingdom of darkness. In the new heavens and new earthafter Satan is cast for eternity into the lake of fire, humans will partake of the tree of life;they will live bodily forever.
God's solution to keeping humans from partaking of the tree of life was to deny them entrance to the garden of Eden containing the tree of life.
Leaving the garden of Eden did not change their lifestyle; Adam and Eve were farmers and ranchers while in the garden, and they were farmers and ranchers afterwards.
This location likely became a place of worship. Perhaps Adam built an altar there. Likely they would long for the days in the garden and wish they had obeyed God's command.
I wonder whether the Cherubims were always present there or whether they only appeared when people came to the spot? Perhaps some people tried to gain entrance to the garden and were actively blocked by the Cherubims.
Since Cherubims are spirit beings, they appeared in the form of an apparation — they have no physical body but can manifest in ways which might seem to us as if they do. Angels are able to affect changes in the physical realm as in the case of the angels pulling Lot insideand delivering judgment upon the earth.In my viewLucifer was active in designing and creating the universe and in evolution, not by his own power, but by power given him by God.
The Hebrew word for "acquired" is qanah which sounds like "Qayin" (Cain). Notice that Eve named Cain based on the circumstances at the time. It is all-too-common for Bible interpreters to reverse this — they use the name someone gave to something as if that name caused the events.
At the time of Adam and Eve there farming. This means that Adam and Eve came on the scene about 10,000 B.C. after agriculture had appeared. (But there were humans long before this.)Abel and Cain specialized: Abel had sheep; Cain was a farmer. Presumably Adam and Eve did both.
The domestication of animals and ranching did not occur in earnest until after Noah's flood. Perhaps Abel's novel explorations into ranching and the domestication of animals was something God wished to encourage — but Cain put an end to this trend. It would have to wait until the time of Noah for wholesale ranching to appear and transform the world.
This verse doesn't bode well for vegetarians who claim the Bible teaches we are not to eat meat. God wished animals to be sacrificed; vegetarian products were not suitable.
Notice that from the beginning of redemption history offerings to the Lord were practiced. This does not bode well for those who claim that "religion" is bad.
Abel's regular animal sacrifices pleasing to God suggests humans regularly ate meat. They sacrificed and butchered and, presumably, ate animals, after all, the Levites ate the sacrificed animals. Animals were probably obtained mostly by hunting since large-scale ranching did not begin until the time of Noah after the floodbut apparently there was some ranching even in Abel's day.
Perhaps Satan provoked Cain to murder Abel to stamp out animal sacrifice as this was an important ingredient in redemption history. Animal sacrifice was the precursor to Christ's sacrificial atoning death. If there were no animal sacrifice there could be no subsequent atonement of a redeemer.
The sacrifice that was accepted by God was the one involving killing an animal. In the book of Leviticus we learn about grain offeringsso we know God accepts them. I think the issue is that Cain refused to offer animals in sacrifice, perhaps because he didn't have any to offer. Presumably he did this in violation of the tradition established by God when he provided clothing for Adam and Eve.
We should wonder how it was that God showed his rejection of Cain's offering. Perhaps they all brought their offerings to the same place as a community and Adam, as priest, rejected Cain's offering. Presumably, Cain knew ahead of time his offering was unlawful but brought it anyway out of willful disobedience. Perhaps he didn't want to give up a valuable animal or perhaps his offering of grains was very small and stingy, this indicating Cain didn't take the institution of sacrifice seriously. It seems he didn't take the seriousness of sin seriously either.
Presumably this was a private conversation between Cain and God. We don't know whether Cain only heard God's voice or whether he also saw a human-like figure, perhaps an apparition.
Some teach that many of these encounters with God in the Old Testament were interactions with a pre-incarnate Christ as the "Angel of the Lord"; I have no opinion about this. These appearances are just as easily explained as apparitions. Apparitions have corresponding physical phenomena such as wind, sounds, appearances of people, and changes in the sun. The angels who went to save Lot materialized and were able to pull Lot back inside the door; yet these were not the pre-incarnate Christ. A common theme of encounters with God are that the person recognizes they are in the presence of God, or of an angel of the Lord, or of angels from the Lord.
The spiritual powers of darkness seek to destroy us but we must overcome them. Here we see that evil is not merely the absence of good but it is, rather, a living spiritual essence of a living entity; it is the willful actions of a living being.
God commands Cain to overcome the temptations to do evil. Cain disobeys as we shall see.
Cain was probably psychotic, schizophrenic, paranoiac, or melancholic.
Martin Luther insisted the question from the Lord was Adam speaking the words of the Lord to Cain under the influence of the Holy Spirit. This interpretation sets a very bad precedent. Using this methodology, we can look for a human speaker every time we encounter the phrase "the Lord said". (I prefer a strictly literalinterpretation.) Luther seems to assume Adam and Cain were the only two male humans alive at the time, that Adam had female children but no other males except Cain and Abel.
God communicated with Cain's soul in some way.
People usually interpret the voice in this verse figuratively; I prefer to interpret it literally— Abel's voice literally calls out to God. Blood of course doesn't have a voice nor can blood spilled on the ground speak. Souls can speak but the sound is spiritual; it's not of sound waves moving through the air. The soul of Abel calls out to God from the spiritual realm.
Just as David's life took a permanent turn for the worse after his sin,so also of Cain. The effects of sin are the same as being cursed. God doesn't curse us a punishment for our sin, rather, the sin itself causes events to unfold in an undesirable manner; the sin causes the curse.
Probably God's interaction with Cain caused him to have grief and remorse which would interfere with his ability to be productive. Perhaps God allowed demons to vex Cain causing him to spend the remainder of his life running and hiding in mental turmoil.
Perhaps Cain went mad and couldn't focus his energies on farming anymore; whenever he tried, the demons in his head prevented him from persevering long enough to see its fruits.
The events of this verse may have occurred a long time after the previous verse, after Cain has had time to experience the effects of his cursed life.
It is hard to have sympathy for Cain. Presumably he has already suffered the effects of his encounter with God. God's holiness, when it shines on the soul of a sinner, causes pain and suffering in an unrepentant heart.
(Genesis 4:14) Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.
The question is, who would kill Cain? According to most views, the only living humans were Adam, Eve, Cain, and perhaps a few sisters of Cain. In my view there were other modern humans before Adam and Eve.
Perhaps the mark was a tattoo, something so wild and crazy that it scared others from harming him. Perhaps they thought he was a crazy psychopath and stayed away from him. Perhaps the way in which God put the mark upon Cain was to allow the demons to influence him such that he became psychotic and mentally deranged. There is no evidence that Cain repented of his wicked deeds nor that he sought God's forgiveness.
Notice how God protects Cain; by threatening harm, a sort of divine mutually assured destruction.
I wonder whether the meaning here is that Cain should have stayed in the presence of the Lord, that he should have begged for forgiveness?
The phrase "presence of the Lord" may refer to the place, the altar, where the community offered sacrifices.
The word "know" is here used as a euphemism for conjugal relations. Usually the word merely means "to know". I prefer strictly literal interpretationbut here is a case in which the text clearly uses a figure of speech, an idiom.
Even today people and corporations name bridges, stadiums, buildings, and cities after themselves.
Polygamy was practiced from the beginning of redemption history. It seems that, just as in today's society, the concept of marriage was not as God originally intended.
The word "cattle" probably refers to all animals that can be domesticated. After Abel's attempt to domesticate animals ended upon his deathothers dabbled in it. But it was not until after Noah's flood that ranching began in earnest.
The harp probably used strings made from animal sinews; these were plucked with the fingernails or a piece of wood. The organ probably had a vibrating reed; perhaps it was like the pan flute with several pipes which generated sound by being blown upon, or perhaps it was more like a bagpipe.
The use of iron began about 4,000 B.C. in the area near Eden; brass, bronze, and other copper alloys were used before that. Copper was first used in northern Iran about 8,700 B.C. which is where Eden was located.
Other translations say "for wounding me" and "for injuring me". Perhaps Lamech was acting in self-defense.
He wanted his wives to know he was under God's protection and they were therefore safe.
Lamech presumed that if Cain was not executed for his crime of murder, then he himself would not be either. Apparently leaders could declare themselves or others as under protection.
The word "Seth" sounds like the Hebrew word for "granted". Notice that Eve named Seth based on the circumstances at the time. It is all-too-common for Bible interpreters to reverse this — they use the name someone gave to something as if that name caused the events.
Perhaps men began to call on the Lord because Noah began preaching. Enosh died when Noah was 84 years old; perhaps Noah had started his preaching ministry by then although it was another 516 years (maybe 600 years) until the flood. Presumably Noah began building the ark 50 to 97 years before the flood. And we should assume Noah learned his pity and devotion from someone; it was passed-on to him.
Perhaps men began to call on the Lord because the line of Seth was the Godly line of redemption history. Perhaps the wickedness leading to the flood was not present in the families of these patriarchs,these descendants of Seth starting with Enosh.
Note that this section is a book. Perhaps Moses copied-in this section from an ancient writing he had in his possession. The generations of Adam are Adam's (and Eve's) descendants. The entire human race is the generations of Adam but this list singles out certain patriarchs starting with Adam and leading up to Noah. Perhaps Noah is the one who wrote the book that Moses used.
The word "man" is the same Hebrew word as "Adam" but here it likely refers to humans.
This verse and the previous are worded very strangely if you accept the usual view that Adam was the very first modern human. But in my view, the problem is solved. Verse 5:1 mentions Adam, the first man of redemption history, created about 10,000 B.C. It mentions that God created humans in God's likeness. But since there had been modern humans since 200,000 years ago verse 5:2 refers to them, also created by God in his image.
The word "Adam" is the same Hebrew word as "man".
God created humans in his likeness and the children of humans are in the likeness of the parents. God implanted his likeness in humans so that it would propagate from generation to generation. This refers to the physical form and the genetic code but also to the fact that God creates the soulof each person upon conception.
In choosing to procreate children we are acting on behalf of God who honors his covenant with the human race by creating a soul for each new human.
In a similar sense, Marythe mother of Jesus is the Co-redemptrix and Mediatrix of redemption history; in being singled-out to be the mother of the redeemer and in agreeing to do so, she participates in the redemption of humans and continues to do so by virtue of her role as the mother of Jesus, as the one who gave birth to him and who raised him from infancy to adulthood.
Those who object to the long lifespans should consider: when adding it all up you discover that all died before the flood. If the long lifespans is myth we should expect errors. But it all adds up perfectly and the dates correspond perfectly: If Adam appeared at the beginning of the agriculture era then the flood occurred at the end of the last glacial period of the Quaternary ice age about 10,000 years ago and the domestication of animals occurred then. It all fits the Genesis account perfectly.
The first humans of redemption history lived much longer than humans of today. Perhaps they also lived longer than the other modern humans from 200,000 years ago.I wonder if this is one of the benefits God imparted to Adam? but over time if faded, especially after the flood.
This verse does not say Enochonly began walking with God after his son Methuselah was born; likely he walked with God long before that. Perhaps he was a prophet and received knowledge of the workings of the spiritual realm as indicated in the Book of Enoch. (I am not endorsing the Book of Enoch.)
Perhaps the comfort from Noah was his preaching about righteousness and redemption. The day-to-day struggles of this world are easier to endure when we have our minds fixed on Jesus and on eternity in his presence in the new heavens and new earth.
In my view the sons of Godreferred to are wicked spirits; they possessed human (or non-human hominid) males via demon possession and performed genetic engineering to create a race of giants. These giants were not human but were useful to these wicked spirits as providing good homes for their demon possession. Wicked spirits who "keep not their first estate"love to inhabit living creatures; they do it in the Old and New Testaments possessing humans and even animals. I suspect the demons get their hideous form from the animals they have possessed; somehow they take on the animal characteristics of the creatures they possess.
The phrase "sons of God" in the Old Testament always refers to spirit beings, good angels or fallen angels.The book of Job uses the phrase this way in recounting Job's story which took place long after the events of this verse. Later in the New Testament (and the book of Wisdom)it refers also to the redeemed.
I recognize that my view of spirit beings able to possess humans and to perform genetic engineering is considered heretical by some, but the Biblical textsseem to demand this interpretation; all other interpretations seem contrived.
In response, God triggered some already-existing mechanism to limit the lifespan of humans. Apparently this was to help thwart the activities of the wicked spirits.
The flood would begin in 120 years.
This verse confirms that the topic concerns human physical nature. This implies that God's judgment is also physical, in this case, the flood.
(Genesis 6:4) There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.
This whole reference to giants (Nephilim) is very mysterious. It seems to be the reason for the flood in some fundamental way but once the giants are mentioned, the topic is dropped; the theme of violence is emphasized repeatedly after this.
It seems this occurrence is the reason God destroyed the world; some kind of genetic deformation of humanity.
There were also Nephilim after the flood.If God's purpose in the flood was to forever destroy the Nephilim why did he allow them again after the flood? Or why did he not wipe out the world again with a second flood? Perhaps the first time, the Nephilim, having advanced weapons, could have and would have wiped out the human race, but by the time of Moses the Israelites had better weapons with fewer Nephilim. It appears there was even a third incidence of Nephilim during David's time.
God noticed then what is certainly obvious today; humans are corrupt and depraved. Even Christians burn other Christians at the stake.
God wished the evil had not infected the human race.
(Genesis 6:7) And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them.
If God's reason for destroying humans was merely because they were corrupt, why would he not also do it again today; or during any number of other periods of human history?
Noah's genetic makeup was not contaminated through breeding with physical manifestations of demonic spirits or with genetically engineered offspring of demon-possessed humans.
People usually assume all of humanity today is descended from these three sons of Noah, but this is not the case. Modern humans had migrated all over the world long before the time of Adam and Noah's flood was not global.
Conditions were a lot like today. More people were killed in the 1900's than in all of human history before. And this trend continues on into the 2000's...
An example of the word "all"not meaning each and every last one. Even proponents of a global flood must admit of exceptions; Noah and the others on the ark. In my view this is limited to those who would be wiped-out in the flood where this especially sinister genetic engineering by the spirit beings was occurring.
The ark was really, really big; the same size as the largest ferry out of Seattle: 450 feet x 75 feet x 45 feet high. (A cubit is about 18 inches; a foot and a half.) We will never find even a scrap of the ark because it was too valuable to leave laying around — all that high-quality lumber and bitumen just waiting for the taking.
Someone recently built a half-size ark in three years with modern tools. It would take at least 8 times (2 x 2 x 2) longer to build an ark the correct size plus maybe double or triple accounting for the primitive tools. This totals to perhaps 100 years to build the ark.
(Genesis 6:16) A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; and the door of the ark shalt thou set in the side thereof; with lower, second, and third stories shalt thou make it.
The single window was very near the top, only 18 inches from the top. Probably it barely cleared the water and the ark floated mostly under water.
There was a door on the side (not on the end). Probably this door was also near the top just like the window; it would be easier to seal to keep out the water. This would require a large ramp up to it on the outside, perhaps of dirt, and other ramps inside between the three floors. People assume the entrance to the ark is to the bottom floor but I suggest the entrance was to the top floor.
(Genesis 6:17) And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die.
A few problems with the global flood theory which are so obvious...
My view of what occurred: There was a huge local flood, perhaps the filling of the Black Sea from the Mediterranean Sea or the flooding of the Caspian Sea. (The Black Sea is thousands of feet deep but was perhaps only 350 feet below sea level before the flood.) Most of humanity lived in this small area near this fresh water lake and all the giants (Nephilim) lived there. They could not escape the flood waters, but it was not so turbulent as to break-apart the ark which was, after all, only made of wood. (Tide waters can inundate huge areas with 12 feet of water in a few hours with very little commotion, so the flood was much rougher than that — faster than people could run.) Noah took on board everything he would need to start life anew after the flood was over. He brought on board his herds of animals, grains, seeds, tools, lumber, food, pottery, etc. There were no lions and tigers and bears (oh my!) on board the ark; all the animals were domesticated farm animals: clean animals used for sacrifice and food; other unclean animals used for fur and other parts.
Peter clarifies what is going on here:God brought the flood upon the world of the ungodly. These were (1) the giants (Nephilim) who were all killed, and (2) a large part (all) of wicked humanity. All life in the flood zone was killed as this verse states. In the Bible, the word "all" often doesn't mean "each and every last one."
Being saved by the ark was a covenant from God. Noah spent perhaps 100 years constructing the ark and dedicated this long episode of his life to the preparation for saving humanity. A covenant with God takes effort and commitment on our part; it is no free ride.
Presumably, all three of Noah's sons were already born and perhaps married when God told Noah to build the ark; maybe 50 to 97 years before the flood.
Two of each kind of animal was required for breeding.
The various verses about this topic...
Young earth global flood creationists make much of the word "kind" since they reject macroevolution and are aware of the severe space limitations in the ark. These kinds must undergo absurdly rapid microevolution once released from the ark. But the word "kind" seems to refer merely to each particular animal having others of the same species. Thus, there are two (or more) of such and such kind of sheep, two (or more) of such and such kind of cow, two (or more) of such and such kind of turkey, and etc.
I reject the notion of a global flood.Thus, in bringing animals aboard the ark Noah was not saving them from extinction; rather, he was providing for his future livelihood in the harsh conditions after the flood.
A year's supply of food for Noah's family and all his animals is a lot of food; it must have taken decades to collect and prepare it all.
7 pairs of each kind of clean animal used for eating and for offering up in sacrifice and for breeding. Critics cite this as a major discrepancy; was it 2 or 7? The answer is: both. 2 for breeding, 5 pairs for eating and sacrifice. Unclean animals were not sacrificed nor eaten so the only consideration was breeding.
These numbers of animals are the minimum number. Two animals are required for breeding. God requires 7 pairs of animals for sacrifice. Noah brought many more than these, probably all of his flocks and herds, perhaps thousandsof sheep, cattle, turkeys, and etc.
We might wonder why they even cared about unclean animals since they didn't eat them nor sacrifice them. Some examples of unclean animals: pigs, dogs, cats, donkey, horse, mule, camel, mouse, rabbit, bees, lizards, snakes, turtles, frogs. Perhaps of main interest to the humans in Noah's day were the work animals such as mule, donkey, ass, camel, horse.
Only 2 of each species are required to prevent extinction. The 7 pairs of clean birds are for food and sacrifice and for breeding. Probably this verse is a compressed version of the previous verse but addressing birds. What goes unspoken is that it is the 2 birds.
The flood would begin in 7 days.
An example of the word "all" not meaning each and every one.Noah didn't have to take plants on the ark and they would all be preserved. Nor did he take fish and other water creatures. Plus, Noah and his family were spared.
This verse indicates the flood occurred 1,656 years after Adam appeared, roughly 8,500 B.C. The last glacial period of the Quaternary ice age ended about 10,000 years ago (this was the start of the Holocene geological epoch) and resulted in huge floods all over the world.
Some of the animals on the ark were not clean, in other words, they didn't sacrifice these nor eat these. They used them for fur and other parts.
They loaded the ark 7 days before the rain began; and waited. I can imagine them looking around at Noah and asking where the rain is?
(Genesis 7:11) In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains [springs] of the great deep broken up, and the windows [floodgates] of heaven were opened.
Year 600, month 2, day 17 of Noah's life.
Perhaps a large storm near the Bosporus Strait having huge waves caused this natural dam to be breached. So there was rain followed by the waters surging in from the Mediterrean Sea.
The water came from 2 sources: (1) the fountains of the great deep, and (2) the windows of heaven. In other words, from below and above.
Springs don't normally shoot up water high into the air, rather, you bring a bucket and fill it up from the resulting pool of water. A lake filling due to a swollen river fits this image.
When rain falls from the clouds it is as if their windows are opened. Sometimes in heavy thundershowers it actually seems like there are floodgates that were opened, the rain is so abrupt and heavy.
Perhaps the turmoil resulted in long-lasting rain.
Where I live it is not uncommon to experience 6 weeks of steady rain.
Notice how the text jumps back in time from the rain to the 7 days before the rain began; this is common in the Bible. People often try to force strictly chronological interpretations but this makes no sense as a general procedure.
(Genesis 7:14) They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort.
Living creatures breathe. When breathing stops, life stops. Creatures that don't breathe such are single-celled organisms are not included in this description since the humans of the day were not aware of them.
The word "him" refers to Noah from the previous verse. The syntax and grammar is not modern. We must not insist on modern syntax and grammar when interpreting the Bible. They had a different way of stringing words together back then.
Not only did it rain for 40 days, now we learn that the water was on the earth for 40 days. Apparently, the water level increased for 40 days.
The phrase "face of the waters" is used earlier in the creation account.There, the Holy Spirit hovers over the surface of the water and of the earth because that is where life is. Fish under the water are ignored.
The word "all"doesn't mean each and every one of every possibility; rather, it means all of those referred to in the current context. In this case, it means Noah couldn't see land. The Salton Sea in southern California is only 35 miles long and you can't see land on the other side. All the hills under the sky visible to Noah were covered with water. Relatively small hills were considered mountains.
A cubit is 18 inches. 23 feet of water is not enough to cover even the largest termite mound, certainly not a mountain! Probably this refers to the depth of the water up the sides of the ark, about halfway up (the ark was 45 feet tall).
Turkeys died because they can't fly. The flood waters were too fast for people to run from.
(Genesis 7:23) And every living substance [thing] was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.
The flood water was on the ground for 5 months.
The rain stopped after 40 days. Apparently, the flooding went on for much longer but finally subsided before 5 months.
It's not clear what occurred after 5 months; whether the water level stopped rising or whether the flood waters were completely gone.
The ark did not come to rest on the top of a mountain; rather, upon mountains, probably foothills. Probably the wind blew the ark to one side of the flooded lake and it stopped on the side. Later it became stranded as the waters continued to recede.
Here we learn that the water continued to recede for 5 months; from the 5th month to the 10th month. Noah apparently was counting the days and months and one day one of month 10 he saw land for the first time.
Notice the narrative is not strictly chronological; it jumps around from topic to topic. In my view, the many interpretations which assume strictly chronological interpretations are just plain wrong.
It is not clear just why Noah waited 40 more days before testing for dry land.
Notice there is only one window. He had to keep it closed to keep the birds inside. Perhaps it had a finely woven mesh covering it to let some light and air in. Perhaps there were other openings for air besides the window. It must have been very dark and gloomy inside. If they built fires there would be suffocating smoke. Their only solace would be that they didn't drown in the flood.
(Genesis 8:9) But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark.
The dove was more particular about where it would land or maybe it was not a strong a flyer as the raven. The mountains Noah saw were likely no more that 20 miles away. Perhaps the dove started the trip by finally realized it was too far and turned back. Or perhaps the dove preferred the food in the ark which took no effort at all.
Noah waited 7 days before sending the dove again.
How could an olive tree have survived the flood underwater for nearly a year and put forth leaves. Perhaps this time there was enough dry ground that the dove ventured farther and found a tree that was not flooded at all, beyond Noah's vision, perhaps just over the top of the hill. And why would it return with a leaf? Perhaps it was building a nest. Maybe Noah stopped feeding the dove hoping for better results and maybe he didn't allow it to gather nest materials from within the ark.
The dove's loyalty to Noah is over.
(Genesis 8:13) And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.
Year 601, month 1, day 1 of Noah's life
The ground is dry but they stay inside.
Year 601, month 1, day 20 of Noah's life.
The earth is dry.
Noah stayed in the ark until God told him to leave.
(Genesis 8:17) Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.
When the population of a species gets too large for the available resources they die en masse.
Building altars was probably a common practice among both those who worshipped the true God and of others. Noah's altar is built to the true God. In worshipping God it is important that we do something to express our love and devotion to God.
(Genesis 8:21) And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite [destroy] any more every thing living, as I have done.
Notice that God has a heart. In the spiritual realm, in the highest heaven in which God resides he has a spiritual body. All creatures have a spiritual body and a soul residing in the spiritual realm.
The effects of the ground being cursed are thorns and thistles causing sorrow.The domestication of animals began about the time of the flood. At that time the curse on the ground was lifted since it is much easier to raise livestock than to hunt.
Since the flood was caused by melting icepacks, God's promise to not destroy all life as he had just done implies there will be no more global ice ages.
This verse uses the word "every"to mean "every one of a category" not "each and every one." How many times have I heard a preacher pound his fist on the pulpit insisting that all means all. Yet there are so many verses in which all clearly doesn't mean all. In this case, the word "all" refers to those creatures and humans that were destroyed. It excludes Noah and his family.
Being confined into a small space with animals that could be domesticated probably taught Noah and his family how to domesticate these animals. After they left the ark, the practice of domestication of animals and ranching began. One of the purposes for the flood was to teach humans to domesticate animals.
There are certain things we can depend on existing always. The earth will remain forever in the new heavens and new earthso we should expect the new heavens to have similar conditions as this current earth. In the new heavens and new earth there will be...
I doubt this means humans can pollute the environment and exploit the natural resources, including the animals. Certainly in our modern world we are doing this on a grand scale. The word "replenish" implies sustainability.
(Genesis 9:2) And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.
It is not surprising animals would begin to fear humans once they began to be domesticated. Certainly before this time, animals were hunted and these would fear humans.
The era of animal domestication begins and humans no longer have to rely on hunting to obtain meat.
They were not to eat the blood of animals because the life is in the blood. We don't usually today think that the life is in the blood but perhaps it is in some way. Certainly, having blood is a necessary ingredient in living, for animals at least, but so is oxygen. Perhaps life is in the blood because the blood transports oxygen and this is in some way a manifestation of the life-giving Holy Spirit;after all, Adam became a living soul only after God breathed the breath of life into his nostrils. Perhaps this is what keeps us alive from moment to moment; God breathes the breath of life into our nostrils and this life-giving breath goes into our lungs and into our blood where it nourishes the rest of our body. Yoga is based on the idea that there is a life energy in the breath and there just might be something to this. (I should note that I reject much of Eastern philosophy; but there may be some small grains of truth buried within it — certainly not enough to illuminate the path to eternal redemption from the wages of sin which is death.)
God institutes divine law. No eating of blood.
(Genesis 9:5) And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man.
God institutes divine law. Killing humans is forbidden by other humans or by animals. Those who kill humans are accountable. This doesn't apply in self-defense or during a just war.
Capital punishment. This verse doesn't sound like it's optional.
God's covenant is with Noah and all those descended from Noah. Since there were many humans living before Noah's time living all over the world this implies that this covenant is only with those in the line of Noah; those of redemption history. But it appears the conditions of the covenant apply to all humans.
Notice the 2 categories: (1) animals that were on the ark, (2) animals that were not on the ark.
No more huge floods. I suppose this applies to the effects of global warming.
An odd choice for a sign of a covenant since rainbow had existed before the flood. Perhaps the significance is that, in seeing a rainbow, we think of the flood.
The descendants of the 3 sons of Noah did not migrate over the entire earth until recently. For example, there have been modern humans living in China and the Americas for tens of thousands of years, long before Adam appeared. This hints that the phrase "whole earth" refers to the local region where Noah lived.
Noah was a farmer before the flood. After the flood he is again a farmer. This verse may indicate he was the first to plant a vineyard. Perhaps in the ark he learned to do this with the limited soil they brought with them for this purpose, for experimenting with farming techniques while on board the ark.
Noah probably became drunk accidently, not realizing how strong the drink was. And his being uncovered was not a sin; in the heat and by tossing and turning in his sleep his robes were jostled.
Ham should have quietly covered up his father. But instead he publicized the event causing shame upon Noah. Perhaps there was some sort of jealousy or anger since he was the youngest son.
(Genesis 9:23) And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father's nakedness.
Noah knew what Ham said because everyone knew; it was common knowledge.
Ham was Noah's youngest son.
Noah pronounced a curse upon Ham's son and his descendents. Probably these curses are merely stating what was already a fact; that Ham's bitter attitude was passed-on to his son Canaan. Since Ham's family was disenfranchised by Ham's bad behavior, this would result in his whole family tree falling out of favor. They would not enjoy the prestige of the other sons of Noah and their descendants.
Notice there is no mention of China nor of the Americas.
The first civilization with a strong dictatorial leader.
The word "hunter" is the same word used of Esauand his fondness for hunting game for food. Certainly, Esau's hunting prowess impressed Isaac and caused him to ignore God's word to Rebekahthat Esau would serve Jacob. Perhaps Nimrod attracted a band of hunters who provided food for others, gaining influence in the process. We read in the next verse he established a kingdom.
Some claim Nimrod hunted people, not animals. I can't imagine what this even means, to hunt men. I have never heard anyone refer to a warrior as if he were a hunter.
Shinar is Mesopotamia.
The name Peleg sounds like the Hebrew word divided. It is unknown whether his parents named him this or whether it was an adopted name after he spoke about the division that was occurring, perhaps explaining what it all meant. Various kingdoms such as Babylon and Egypt began during Peleg's lifetime.
Some young-earth creationists interpret the word "divided" as referring to a geological event; perhaps the dividing of the continents, perhaps the opening of a land bridge from Asia to North America. I reject young-earth creationism;these geological events occurred long before Peleg.
The word "divided" is a different Hebrew word than a few verses back.Here it probably refers to the settlement of the descendants of Noah over the various regions mentioned in this long section, in the Table of Nations.
They did not use stone because there wasn't any close enough; they used smallish mud bricks. They used tar as a cement to hold the bricks together. There are tar pits in the area and lots of mud.
The towers are ziggurats up to 150 feet tall, the home of the gods ministered to by priests.
This is not the first citybut it is the first civilization. Previous to this the various tribes kept dispersing; now people want to form a unified civilization perhaps encompassing the whole world. Throughout history leaders such as Alexander the Great and Hitler have dreamed of conquering the whole world into one kingdom.
God is always watching and interacting with humanity. Deists deny this.
The ziggurats represent a time of institutionalized false religion, similar to the pyramids of Egypt. Perhaps God intervened in Shinar (but not in Egypt) because it would have otherwise affected redemption history since these people were descendants of Adam and Noah.
Perhaps those of Noah's line began to mingle with those not affected by the flood, those who had migrated to different parts of the earth long before Adam.God intervened by allowing the situation he had created thousands of years earlier to take its course.
Their grand dreams of global empire were interrupted. This dream is with us still and rears its ugly head from time to time.
(Genesis 11:9) Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.
Perhaps the word Babel took on this meaning after the events occurred, not the other way around. Likely the usual pattern is that events occur, then things or people are named after them. If a person has a name commemorating deeds performed as an adult, it is likely an adopted name.
Notice the account jumps back in time. This is very common in the Bible; it is organized by topic, not by time. Certainly in the book of Genesis there is a general flow forward but this is interrupted often to focus in on particular events; after each episode the main chronology is picked up again. This kind of thing is very common in the book of Revelation; trying to force each vignette as occurring after the previous leads to the most nonsensical of interpretations.
Notice the lifespans begin slowly to decrease. Perhaps science will someday explain all this. We moderns assume humans of the past lived only as long as us today but the book of Genesis disagrees. Science should take biblical claims more seriously and look for evidence of long lifespans in some humans. Perhaps long lifespans began only with Adam and his line, that the other modern humans before Adam and those not descended from Adam had short lifespans like us today.
Apparently Lot attached himself to his father's brother, to his uncle Abram, when his father Terah died young.
(Genesis 11:31) And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.
Perhaps God had appeared to Terah and told him to leave Ur.
In this verse, Haran is both a person and a place.
God & Abraham — #1
Abraham had already left Ur and now resided in Haran. Had his father Terah established a house, a tribe, in Haran which Abraham was to take charge over now that Terah had died?
No other relatives except Lot are mentioned as having left Ur with them so who are these kin referred to? Perhaps Abraham was considering going back to Ur where he would take a place of leadership among his tribe there?
It appears Abraham was desirous of being a leader of a tribe and God honors this.
I wonder if Abraham knew this referred to an as then yet-future redeemer of the world being a descendent of his? Perhaps he merely thought the size of his clan would influence those around him.
Most people this age probably think their life's work is behind them and are shy about starting large multi-decade projects. For someone this age, I suspect they would merely respond to God's call from year to year, not knowing when it would be over.
(Genesis 12:5) And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.
The word "soul" refers to a person.
God & Abraham — #2
It is natural to build something, to construct something, to do something to express our love of God and as a way to worship him. This is not idolatry as long as the object of the worship is the true God and the worship is performed in faith, not as a mere ritual.
(Genesis 12:8) And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD.
Abraham build altars to the Lord wherever he goes.
The climate is not too severe for living outside in tents.
A very telling verse for our day. There were too many people to live on the land so they had to spread out over a larger area. But what happens when there is no more area to spread out over? This is the predicament we are in today.
Lack of resources leads to strife.
Notice the aside about what other peoples lived in the land at this time. It has nothing to do with the story of the moment.
(Genesis 13:9) Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left.
It was very noble for Abram to offer for Lot to choose which land he wanted. Perhaps Abram truly had no preference. Perhaps he knew that there would be strife from Lot's herdmen unless he let them choose.
(Genesis 13:10) And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.
Notice that ample water was key to survival just as it is today.
Lot moved into existing cities with existing people. You would think he would check out the neighborhood before choosing where to relocate to.
These people seem to show no regard for the others who already possess the land. They assume that they can simply move in to other people's land without the need to even discuss it with the current owners. This is the case also in the days of Joshua when the Israelites possess the land. Perhaps that is why Lot had to become so chummy with the people of Sodom as we learn about later. In order to remain at peace he had to become one of them (and probably offer up concessions.)
There is no evidence from this passage that Lot was aware of the wickedness of the people he was choosing to live among, nor that he was in his heart choosing to live among wicked people.
God & Abraham — #3
(Genesis 13:14) And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward:
(Genesis 14:8) And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim;
(Genesis 14:13) And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.
God & Abraham — #4
(Genesis 16:2) And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai.
(Genesis 16:5) And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.
God & Abraham — #5
The circumcision surgery at the time of Abraham may have involved far less cutting with less pain then the modern practice. There also may have been some health benefit.
(Genesis 17:12) And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
The word "soul" here refers to a person.
(Genesis 17:19) And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.
(Genesis 17:20) And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
(Genesis 17:23) And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham's house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
God & Abraham — #6
(Genesis 18:19) For I know him, that he will command his children and his household after him, and they shall keep the way of the LORD, to do justice and judgment; that the LORD may bring upon Abraham that which he hath spoken of him.
(Genesis 18:25) That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
(Genesis 19:2) And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night.
(Genesis 19:8) Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.
(Genesis 19:9) And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.
(Genesis 19:14) And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.
(Genesis 19:16) And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.
(Genesis 19:17) And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.
(Genesis 19:19) Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die:
Abraham has a certain place where he worships God.
(Genesis 19:29) And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.
(Genesis 19:34) And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
(Genesis 20:6) And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her.
(Genesis 20:7) Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine.
(Genesis 20:9) Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.
(Genesis 20:13) And it came to pass, when God caused me to wander from my father's house, that I said unto her, This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me, He is my brother.
(Genesis 20:16) And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand pieces of silver: behold, he is to thee a covering of the eyes, unto all that are with thee, and with all other: thus she was reproved.
God & Abraham — #7
(Genesis 21:12) And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.
(Genesis 21:14) And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.
(Genesis 21:16) And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bow shot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept.
(Genesis 21:17) And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is.
(Genesis 21:23) Now therefore swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: but according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned.
God & Abraham — #8
This is not a temptation to sin, but a test of Abraham's obedience to God.
(Genesis 22:2) And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.
It is clear God was asking Abraham to offer up his son Isaac as a human sacrifice. Other peoples of the time offered human sacrifices but this must have been very troubling to Abraham for 2 reasons: (1) this was the son of his old age promised by God to carry on the line of promise, and (2) human sacrifice was not a good thing.
Some say Jesus was crucified on the same spot as Isaac was bound after carrying his wooden cross just as Isaac carried the wood. Maybe so.
(Genesis 22:3) And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.
God & Abraham — #9
(Genesis 22:13) And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.
God & Abraham — #10
Perhaps all of God's communications with Abraham were via this angel of the Lord.
(Genesis 22:17) That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
(Genesis 23:6) Hear us, my lord: thou art a mighty prince among us: in the choice of our sepulchres bury thy dead; none of us shall withhold from thee his sepulchre, but that thou mayest bury thy dead.
(Genesis 23:9) That he may give me the cave of Machpelah, which he hath, which is in the end of his field; for as much money as it is worth he shall give it me for a possession of a buryingplace amongst you.
(Genesis 23:13) And he spake unto Ephron in the audience of the people of the land, saying, But if thou wilt give it, I pray thee, hear me: I will give thee money for the field; take it of me, and I will bury my dead there.
(Genesis 23:16) And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current money with the merchant.
(Genesis 23:17) And the field of Ephron, which was in Machpelah, which was before Mamre, the field, and the cave which was therein, and all the trees that were in the field, that were in all the borders round about, were made sure
(Genesis 24:7) The LORD God of heaven, which took me from my father's house, and from the land of my kindred, and which spake unto me, and that sware unto me, saying, Unto thy seed will I give this land; he shall send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take a wife unto my son from thence.
(Genesis 24:10) And the servant took ten camels of the camels of his master, and departed; for all the goods of his master were in his hand: and he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.
(Genesis 24:14) And let it come to pass, that the damsel to whom I shall say, Let down thy pitcher, I pray thee, that I may drink; and she shall say, Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also: let the same be she that thou hast appointed for thy servant Isaac; and thereby shall I know that thou hast shewed kindness unto my master.
(Genesis 24:15) And it came to pass, before he had done speaking, that, behold, Rebekah came out, who was born to Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of Nahor, Abraham's brother, with her pitcher upon her shoulder.
(Genesis 24:27) And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of my master Abraham, who hath not left destitute my master of his mercy and his truth: I being in the way, the LORD led me to the house of my master's brethren.
(Genesis 24:30) And it came to pass, when he saw the earring and bracelets upon his sister's hands, and when he heard the words of Rebekah his sister, saying, Thus spake the man unto me; that he came unto the man; and, behold, he stood by the camels at the well.
(Genesis 24:35) And the LORD hath blessed my master greatly; and he is become great: and he hath given him flocks, and herds, and silver, and gold, and menservants, and maidservants, and camels, and asses.
(Genesis 24:43) Behold, I stand by the well of water; and it shall come to pass, that when the virgin cometh forth to draw water, and I say to her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water of thy pitcher to drink;
(Genesis 24:45) And before I had done speaking in mine heart, behold, Rebekah came forth with her pitcher on her shoulder; and she went down unto the well, and drew water: and I said unto her, Let me drink, I pray thee.
(Genesis 24:47) And I asked her, and said, Whose daughter art thou? And she said, The daughter of Bethuel, Nahor's son, whom Milcah bare unto him: and I put the earring upon her face, and the bracelets upon her hands.
(Genesis 24:48) And I bowed down my head, and worshipped the LORD, and blessed the LORD God of my master Abraham, which had led me in the right way to take my master's brother's daughter unto his son.
(Genesis 25:23) And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.
I suppose it is natural that people will prefer spending time with others having similar interests. Isaac and Esau were both hunters, while Jacob was a farmer and husbandman, tending the crops, flocks, and herds, and performing chores around the tents. This seems like a rather superficial reason for Isaac to prefer one son over the other; parents should be careful not to show favoritism with their children.
Rebekah loved Jacob, probably for various reasons including the fact that they probably spent a lot of time together working. It doesn't say that Rebekah disliked Esau; she was probably closer to Jacob, that's all. Anyway, this parental favoritism plays a role in salvation history: first because Isaac disobeyed God's command and, second because Rebekah deceivedIsaac into giving the blessing to Jacob (and obeying God's command in the process.)
(Genesis 26:3) Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father;
(Genesis 26:7) And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, She is my wife; lest, said he, the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah; because she was fair to look upon.
(Genesis 26:18) And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them.
(Genesis 26:22) And he removed from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove not: and he called the name of it Rehoboth; and he said, For now the LORD hath made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.
(Genesis 26:24) And the LORD appeared unto him the same night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake.
(Genesis 27:1) And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I.
(Genesis 27:25) And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son's venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank.
(Genesis 27:29) Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee.
(Genesis 27:30) And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting.
(Genesis 27:33) And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed.
(Genesis 27:36) And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me?
(Genesis 27:37) And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son?
(Genesis 27:41) And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.
(Genesis 27:42) And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee.
(Genesis 27:45) Until thy brother's anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should I be deprived also of you both in one day?
(Genesis 27:46) And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?
(Genesis 28:6) When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padanaram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan;
(Genesis 28:11) And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
(Genesis 28:14) And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
(Genesis 28:15) And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.
(Genesis 29:2) And he looked, and behold a well in the field, and, lo, there were three flocks of sheep lying by it; for out of that well they watered the flocks: and a great stone was upon the well's mouth.
(Genesis 29:10) And it came to pass, when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, that Jacob went near, and rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the flock of Laban his mother's brother.
(Genesis 29:13) And it came to pass, when Laban heard the tidings of Jacob his sister's son, that he ran to meet him, and embraced him, and kissed him, and brought him to his house. And he told Laban all these things.
(Genesis 29:25) And it came to pass, that in the morning, behold, it was Leah: and he said to Laban, What is this thou hast done unto me? did not I serve with thee for Rachel? wherefore then hast thou beguiled me?
(Genesis 30:14) And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes.
(Genesis 30:15) And she said unto her, Is it a small matter that thou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou take away my son's mandrakes also? And Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie with thee to night for thy son's mandrakes.
(Genesis 30:16) And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and said, Thou must come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee with my son's mandrakes. And he lay with her that night.
Here's my theory about what was going on...
(Genesis 30:30) For it was little which thou hadst before I came, and it is now increased unto a multitude; and the LORD hath blessed thee since my coming: and now when shall I provide for mine own house also?
(Genesis 30:32) I will pass through all thy flock to day, removing from thence all the speckled and spotted cattle, and all the brown cattle among the sheep, and the spotted and speckled among the goats: and of such shall be my hire.
(Genesis 30:33) So shall my righteousness answer for me in time to come, when it shall come for my hire before thy face: every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats, and brown among the sheep, that shall be counted stolen with me.
(Genesis 30:35) And he removed that day the he goats that were ringstraked and spotted, and all the she goats that were speckled and spotted, and every one that had some white in it, and all the brown among the sheep, and gave them into the hand of his sons.
(Genesis 30:40) And Jacob did separate the lambs, and set the faces of the flocks toward the ringstraked, and all the brown in the flock of Laban; and he put his own flocks by themselves, and put them not unto Laban's cattle.
(Genesis 31:10) And it came to pass at the time that the cattle conceived, that I lifted up mine eyes, and saw in a dream, and, behold, the rams which leaped upon the cattle were ringstraked, speckled, and grisled.
(Genesis 31:18) And he carried away all his cattle, and all his goods which he had gotten, the cattle of his getting, which he had gotten in Padanaram, for to go to Isaac his father in the land of Canaan.
(Genesis 31:42) Except the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely thou hadst sent me away now empty. God hath seen mine affliction and the labour of my hands, and rebuked thee yesternight.
(Genesis 31:43) And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born?
(Genesis 32:10) I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands.
(Genesis 32:20) And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob is behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me.
Some make a big point in insisting that this angel was Christ. I have no opinion about this topic.
We see here that spirit beings can manifest physical forms which can interact with the physical forms of humans. Thus, we should not be surprised by the idea that angels performed genetic engineering leading to the giants. I explain how all this works here...
(Genesis 32:32) Therefore the children of Israel eat not of the sinew which shrank, which is upon the hollow of the thigh, unto this day: because he touched the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew that shrank.
(Genesis 33:10) And Jacob said, Nay, I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight, then receive my present at my hand: for therefore I have seen thy face, as though I had seen the face of God, and thou wast pleased with me.
(Genesis 33:14) Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me and the children be able to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir.
(Genesis 34:7) And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
(Genesis 34:21) These men are peaceable with us; therefore let them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for the land, behold, it is large enough for them; let us take their daughters to us for wives, and let us give them our daughters.
(Genesis 34:25) And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males.
(Genesis 34:30) And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.
Building these altars to God is not idolatry. It is proper for humans to express their devotion to God by building something or creating something. Thus, people write songs or paint paintings or write poems or books as expressions of their devotion to God. Jacob named the place based on what was occurring in his life. This is similar to people writing a devotional song containing the content of their spiritual journey and struggles of the time.
(Genesis 36:6) And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob.
(Genesis 36:17) And these are the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.
(Genesis 36:39) And Baalhanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.
(Genesis 37:2) These are the generations of Jacob. Joseph, being seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; and the lad was with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives: and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report.
It is amazing they immediately knew the meaning of the dream. This was a dysfunctional family in which the siblings had such hatred for each other that they would resort to murder. Perhaps the culture of the day did not encourage virtue and was accepting of very heinous crimes; certainly we see this kind of thing in the early chapters of Genesis. In my view we should judge people's behavior with our modern view of morality — we should not merely overlook such bad behavior as if it doesn't mean anything.
(Genesis 37:10) And he told it to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What is this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth?
(Genesis 37:14) And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.
(Genesis 37:22) And Reuben said unto them, Shed no blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him; that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again.
(Genesis 37:25) And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt.
(Genesis 37:28) Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
(Genesis 37:35) And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, For I will go down into the grave [sheol] unto my son mourning. Thus his father wept for him.
Jacob expected to again see Joseph after death, in sheol.
(Genesis 38:9) And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.
Onan was partially obedient in that he did half of what Judah asked of him. But the intent was to provide children for Tamar, and he failed on purpose to do this.
This was a dysfunctional culture that required such kinds of relationships to care for people.
Some claim this passage proves that contraception is gravely immoral, that God killed Onan for using a form of contraception. I reject the notion that God killed Onan because he used a form of contraception. His crime was that he exploited this woman by pretending to give her a child; in effect, he raped her, but by trickery, not violence.
(Genesis 38:11) Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at thy father's house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father's house.
Judah apparently thought that his last son, Shelah, would not honor his duty to provide children for Tamar and that God would kill him also, leaving Judah without sons. He cares for Tamar's plight, but only up to a point. When it interferes with his own needs, then he abandons her.
(Genesis 38:14) And she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.
These are a very immoral people.
Some think we should be forgiving of corrupt Church leaders throughout Church history (and there were very many of these.)Unfortunately, the Catholic Church does not allow for this option. In claiming that bishops are the teachers and defenders of the faith passed-down by the apostles, and that they teach infallibly, we would therefore be forced to accept the idea that people (the corrupt bishops) who neither believe the truths taught by the apostles nor who practice the commands of Christ; that these were chosen by Christ to be his ordained leaders.
To accept this notion we would have to accept that the beginnings of the Church were no better than the beginnings of the nation of Israel; that God used very immoral men in forming the Church just as he used very immoral men in forming the nation of Israel. The problem with this is that the New Testament teaches the opposite. Jesus demanded that Church leaders be holy, just as the apostles demanded the same from the Church leaders.
(Genesis 38:16) And he turned unto her by the way, and said, Go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.) And she said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest come in unto me?
(Genesis 38:18) And he said, What pledge shall I give thee? And she said, Thy signet, and thy bracelets, and thy staff that is in thine hand. And he gave it her, and came in unto her, and she conceived by him.
(Genesis 38:24) And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by whoredom. And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.
Judah was such a hypocrite to wish to kill a relative for being a prostitute when he had a relationship with someone he thought was a prostitute.
(Genesis 38:25) When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.
(Genesis 38:29) And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? this breach be upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez.
(Genesis 39:1) And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither.
(Genesis 39:5) And it came to pass from the time that he had made him overseer in his house, and over all that he had, that the LORD blessed the Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; and the blessing of the LORD was upon all that he had in the house, and in the field.
(Genesis 39:9) There is none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou art his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?
(Genesis 39:14) That she called unto the men of her house, and spake unto them, saying, See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to mock us; he came in unto me to lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice:
(Genesis 40:5) And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, which were bound in the prison.
(Genesis 40:13) Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thy place: and thou shalt deliver Pharaoh's cup into his hand, after the former manner when thou wast his butler.
(Genesis 40:20) And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants: and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants.
(Genesis 41:8) And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.
(Genesis 41:12) And there was there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret.
(Genesis 41:48) And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities: the food of the field, which was round about every city, laid he up in the same.
(Genesis 42:6) And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth.
(Genesis 42:7) And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
(Genesis 42:16) Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.
(Genesis 42:21) And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.
(Genesis 42:28) And he said unto his brethren, My money is restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack: and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us?
(Genesis 42:33) And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your households, and be gone:
(Genesis 42:35) And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
(Genesis 42:38) And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
(Genesis 43:7) And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down?
(Genesis 43:11) And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
(Genesis 43:18) And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph's house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses.
(Genesis 43:21) And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man's money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight: and we have brought it again in our hand.
(Genesis 43:29) And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son.
(Genesis 43:32) And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
(Genesis 44:4) And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?
(Genesis 44:16) And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord's servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found.
(Genesis 44:18) Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh.
(Genesis 44:20) And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.
(Genesis 44:31) It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.
(Genesis 45:1) Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren.
(Genesis 46:31) And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father's house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me;
(Genesis 46:34) That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
(Genesis 47:1) Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen.
(Genesis 47:4) They said moreover unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen.
(Genesis 47:6) The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.
(Genesis 47:9) And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.
(Genesis 47:15) And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth.
(Genesis 47:17) And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year.
(Genesis 47:18) When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands:
(Genesis 47:19) Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.
(Genesis 47:22) Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.
(Genesis 47:24) And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones.
(Genesis 47:29) And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt:
(Genesis 48:4) And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
(Genesis 48:7) And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, when yet there was but a little way to come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; the same is Bethlehem.
(Genesis 48:14) And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim's head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh's head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn.
(Genesis 48:16) The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
(Genesis 48:17) And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father's hand, to remove it from Ephraim's head unto Manasseh's head.
(Genesis 48:19) And his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.
(Genesis 49:25) Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb:
(Genesis 49:26) The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren.
(Genesis 49:30) In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace.
At death Jacob entered into sheol where he met with all those who had died before him.
(Genesis 50:5) My father made me swear, saying, Lo, I die: in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come again.
(Genesis 50:11) And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, This is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the name of it was called Abelmizraim, which is beyond Jordan.
(Genesis 50:13) For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a buryingplace of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre.
(Genesis 50:17) So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him.
King James Version